If you would like to have more fuchsias, you do not have to buy them in the garden store. You can also easily propagate fuchsias using cuttings.You can cut cuttings twice a year
The fuchsia is one of the few balcony flowers that bloom profusely in the shade. A good reason to do more with your fuchsia. A single plant provides enough cuttings to ensure great blooming on the north balcony next year. The propagation of cuttings, for example, always succeeds and requires little effort.
Two good times for cutting cuttings
You can take cuttings from the fuchsia in spring and autumn. The difference: spring cuttings are still soft and root very quickly. Autumn cuttings are already slightly woody and are particularly safe to root. The two variants are also called "soft" and "hard" cuttings.
How to propagate fuchsias over cuttings
Step 1 - win cuttings
➜ Cut soft cuttings in spring:
To do this, cut off shoots with at least two or three pairs of leaves between two leaf nodes. If the cuttings already have buds or flowers, carefully break them out. Now shorten it again below the leaf knot. There should still be about two to five millimeters of stem under the leaf node. This second cut must be made with a very sharp knife without you squeezing the interface. After that, do not touch any more, because it is about having a completely fresh and clean interface. The roots grow from the eyes of the leaf nodes. The bottom leaf node must therefore be free of injury. In order for the rooting to work well, the leaf knot should always be covered with soil.
➜ Win hard cuttings in autumn:
Slightly woody shoots are best suited. However, they are not cut off, but are torn off at an angle below a leaf knot. Together with the cuttings, tear off a bark tongue from the mother plant, so make sure that a piece of bark comes off the stem when it is torn off. Lignified, hard autumn cuttings that are obtained in this way are also called cracklings. If that doesn't work, you can cut the cutting with a knife if necessary.
Tip for both types of cuttings:
In order for the root formation to be stimulated, the leaves that are still present should be evaporated as little as possible. You can help by removing the lower leaves on the cutting, cutting off the upper half.
Step 2 - plant cuttings in soil
Now put the cuttings in a soil that contains as little nutrients as possible. Then always keep the soil slightly moist. A glass plate or foil over the pot is also cheap. Make sure to ventilate the cover regularly so that mold does not form.
The jar is best placed in a bright, not sunny place at a temperature of 18 to 20 degrees. Roots then form after about three to four weeks.
Step 3 - transfer the plantlets
If the shoot tip looks very plump and the cutting starts to grow, this is a sure sign that roots have formed. Now put the new plantlets in larger pots. Plants from spring cuttings are allowed to move outdoors, but please slowly get used to the fresh air. Small fuchsias from autumn cuttings, however, are best spent in the house. Reading tip: Winter hibernation: important information about location and nutrient supply.