Rose Marie Curie is an ornamental plant that is valued for its unique flower shape. The variety has numerous advantages over other hybrid species. The plant is resistant to adverse factors and is suitable for growing in different climatic zones. Like other varieties of roses, it requires adherence to the rules of care.
The Marie Curie variety was bred in the nursery of Meilland International, which is located in France. The organizer of the breeding work is Alain Mayland. The variety was bred in 1996 and registered in the international catalog in 1997.
"Maria Curie" is an interspecific hybrid. The varieties Coppelia and Allgold were used in breeding work. The plant is named after the famous physicist Maria Sklodowska-Curie.
The rose was originally intended for indoor planting. After testing, they began to grow it in the open field.
Description of the Marie Curie rose variety and characteristics
Shrub-type plant with numerous stem shoots. The average height of the Maria Curie rose is 60-70 cm. The width of the bushes is up to 1.5 m. The variety belongs to floribunda and is an intermediate link between scrubs and ground cover roses.
Shoots are dark green, thin, forming a spreading bush. A garter or frame supports are required to maintain shape. The stems are covered with dark green glossy feather-shaped leaves and serrated at the edges of the plates. The number of thorns is average.
Marie Curie roses bloom continuously until the beginning of autumn
The budding period occurs in late April or early May. Flowering begins in June, less often in the last weeks of spring.
From 5 to 15 buds are formed on each stem. Terry flowers, elongated bowl-shaped. The number of petals is from 30 to 40. The color of the flowers is apricot with pink hues. When the bud is fully open, yellow stamens appear in the center.
Important! The color of the flower can change throughout the season. At the beginning of summer, it is light pink, later it begins to turn yellow.
The diameter of each flower is 8-10 cm. The plant exudes a pleasant smell, reminiscent of the scent of a carnation. It can increase or decrease depending on weather conditions.
The variety "Maria Curie" is characterized by high winter hardiness. In warm regions, it tolerates frost without shelter. Only hilling is required to protect the roots from freezing. In the regions of the middle zone, as well as in Siberia and the Urals, the plant must be covered until persistent spring warming.
Maria Curie has medium drought tolerance. Prolonged lack of moisture, as well as waterlogging of the soil, negatively affects the decorative qualities. Heavy rainfall during the flowering period can lead to premature wilting, excessive soil compaction and root rot.
The variety exhibits low sensitivity to infectious diseases common among roses. Very rarely affected by spotting, rust and powdery mildew. Preventive treatment with fungicides completely eliminates the risk of developing the disease.
Roses "Maria Curie" are photophilous. They need to be grown in a well-lit area. Otherwise, the buds on the bushes will form unevenly, which will lead to a loss of decorative effect.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Maria Curie variety has gained wide popularity among foreign and domestic gardeners. It is appreciated for its specific shape and color of flowers and other decorative features.
The main advantages of the variety:
- long continuous flowering;
- high frost resistance;
- low sensitivity to infections;
- pleasant aroma of flowers;
- little exactingness to the composition of the soil.
The main disadvantage of the variety is its sensitivity to waterlogging. The disadvantages include average drought resistance, the possibility of pest damage. Rose "Maria Curie" is considered undemanding and unpretentious in care.
To obtain new specimens, vegetative methods are used. You can grow a rose from seeds, but there is a risk of loss of varietal qualities.
- dividing the bush;
- growing cuttings.
When dividing the rose, the superficial shoots are cut off, leaving 5-7 cm
Usually the breeding procedure is carried out in the spring before the beginning of flower formation. When grown by cuttings, the planting material is first placed in a container and transferred to open ground for the next year.
Growing and caring for a rose floribunda Marie Curie
The plant needs a well-lit place, protected from strong winds. It is desirable that the site is not located in lowlands, where flooding by groundwater is possible.
Important! The seedling is planted in early autumn. The bush adapts to the new place and tolerates the first winter well.
- Prepare a landing pit 60-70 cm deep.
- Place a drainage layer of expanded clay, crushed stone or pebbles at the bottom.
- Cover with a loose soil mixture of turf soil, compost, peat and sand.
- Soak the seedling in an antiseptic solution for 20 minutes.
- Place in a hole, spread the roots.
- Cover with soil.
- Compact the earth on the surface and water it.
Marie Curie roses are buried by 4-5 cm when planting
After two weeks, abundant watering should be done. Use 20-25 liters of water per bush. This is necessary for the seedling to absorb enough moisture for the winter. After that, the rose is not watered until spring.
The plant experiences the greatest need for liquid during the flowering period. The bushes are watered 2-3 times a week as the soil dries out.
Loosening and mulching should be carried out at the same time. Such procedures protect the roots from liquid stagnation and at the same time maintain normal humidity. In addition, mulching with bark or sawdust in the summer protects the root system from overheating. In the area around the bush, you need to regularly remove weeds.
The flower responds well to feeding. But excess minerals can harm the rose. In the spring, at the beginning of the growing season and before flowering, organic fertilizers are introduced. Feeding with potassium and nitrogen is advised to be carried out in the summer so that the buds do not wilted prematurely. In the fall, the bush is fertilized with organic matter in preparation for winter.
The plant needs to be pruned periodically. Sanitary cutting is carried out in spring and autumn to remove dried shoots. In the summer, pruning is allowed to give the bushes the correct shape.
For the winter, the bush is spud. If necessary, it is covered with a non-woven material that allows air to pass through well.
Pests and diseases
Numerous reviews, descriptions and photos of the "Marie Curie" rose indicate that the variety practically does not get sick. Due to improper care and adverse weather conditions, powdery mildew, rust or black spot may appear on the bushes. The fight against such diseases consists in removing the affected shoots, treating them with fungicides. As a preventive measure, the bushes are sprayed in the spring, after the foliage appears.
Among pests, roses are common:
- slobbering penny;
- leaf roll;
- rose cicada.
Insecticides are used to kill harmful insects. Shoots and leaves with a small accumulation of larvae are removed. The bush is sprayed 3-4 times with an interval of 2-8 days, depending on the properties of the drug used.
Rose Marie Curie in landscape design
The flower is used for single and group plantings. Some gardeners grow the Maria Curie rose as a groundcover. To do this, the bush is regularly cut off so that it remains low, but at the same time it actively grows in width.
Important! Neighboring plants should be placed at a distance of 40-50 cm from the rose.
The Maria Curie variety is often used for planting in rose gardens and mixborders. The plant is placed in the background, leaving space in front for undersized ornamental crops.
For 1 sq. m of the plot you can plant no more than 5 rose bushes
The plant is best combined with other floribunda varieties. It is advisable to plant a rose "Maria Curie" with flowers of a gentle calm shade.
Bushes can be grown in large pots and flowerpots. In this case, the volume of the container should be 2 times the size of the roots.
Planting next to perennial ground cover plants that tend to grow rapidly is not recommended. They are ways to damage the roots of roses and lead to gradual wilting.
Rose Maria Curie is a popular hybrid variety characterized by long continuous flowering and original bud shape. The plant is highly regarded by gardeners and landscape designers for its resistance to cold and disease. Compliance with cultivation technology and planting rules provide conditions for normal growth and flowering. The plant is unpretentious and ideal for single and group plantings.
Reviews of the rose floribunda Marie Curie
Leonid Kovalenko, 53 years old, Bryansk
"Marie Curie" is an excellent choice for those who need a light-loving rose. When planted in the sun, the plant does not burn. The color of the petals does not fade and remains saturated until the end of flowering.
Evgeniya Kondratyuk, 38 years old, Tambov
Roses of the Maria Curie variety grow well on any type of soil. But the most important advantage of this type is frost resistance. It endures the winter without shelter, which does not affect the quality of flowering in any way.
Marina Kushnir, 44 years old, St. Petersburg
In the Leningrad Region, Maria Curie roses should only be grown in well-drained soil. Due to frequent rains, there is a risk that the roots will experience waterlogging. Therefore, maintenance involves regular loosening of the soil.