Creating a flower bed - 3 basic criteria you need to know beforehand

A flower bed is a feast for the eyes once it has been created. Before that, however, there is a lot to consider so that the flower bed project does not fail.

Even if a garden is often designed as a utility garden, beauty must not be neglected. Flowers in all possible colors are at the heart of your garden, if they are planted carefully. You can already see that planting a flower bed can be a very time-consuming job, but after this one-time campaign you have an eye-catcher that everyone will envy you for.

In your mind you can already see how everything is sprouting, but it doesn't happen that quickly. You need a plan, which is best done on site, i.e. in your garden. Step by step it has to be considered where and how the flower bed should be laid out.

1. Location & size

The size and shape of your flower bed depends on the local conditions. The more space you have, the better. First, think about the shape of the flower bed. Curved beds, in the form of a "wave", particularly loosen up a long, rectangular garden. If you want to start a little smaller, a flower border, parallel to the garden path, is sufficient. It is important in any case that you get to all the flowers later and do not have to struggle over the discounts like an artist. If in doubt, also create intermediate routes.

The soil is rarely optimal. A previously unused space must first be cleaned. This means that you remove weeds from your future bed and then loosen it up. So that the flowers can grow well later, the soil must be permeable to water. If waterlogging occurs, as is often the case with clay soil, the plants can rot (in the case of clay soil, follow the tips from the soil specialist center).

2. Selection of flowers and arrangement

Either you already know exactly which flowers should decorate your future bed, or you need inspiration. In the first case: congratulations! In the latter case, just keep reading here.

Do you have favorite flowers? Then it goes without saying that these plants find a place on your flower bed. For the further selection, it is best to pay attention to the respective growth height. Flowers or perennials, which you can find in abundance at, are best planted from "large" to "small". So tall plants in the back row, low growing flowers in the front. This creates a harmonious overall picture.

A second tip that I want to give you is planting after flowering. Even though most flowers have their main flowering season in spring and summer, with a little thought you will have a magnificent flower bed all year round. Here are a few suggestions:

Spring flowering

  • crocuses
  • daffodils
  • snowdrop
  • tulips
  • Märzenbecher
  • primroses
  • ranunculus

Summer flowering bulbs

  • geraniums
  • petunias
  • gladioli
  • dahlias
  • roses
  • astilbe
  • coneflower
  • bellflower
  • chocolate flower

Autumn flowering

fat chicken
  • fat chicken
  • chrysanthemum
  • Autumn Aster
  • monkshood
  • Autumn crocus
  • Autumn Anemone

Winter flowering

  • Viburnum
  • Winter jasmine
  • Hellebore
  • Witch Hazel
  • Winter Cherry
  • mucus berry
  • Winter Mahonie
  • Winterling

Extra tip: A border around the bed is not absolutely necessary, but I recommend edging. This makes subsequent bed maintenance much easier, weeds are "slowed down", mowing the lawn is easier.

3. Take care of maintenance

They really do exist, the hobby gardeners who see gardening as pure relaxation and can really relax when weeding. For most gardeners, this is more of an annoying evil. If you belong to the latter faction, keep in mind that a flower bed also needs some care.

Slow-growing plants are one way to limit maintenance, because you don't have to use garden shears to cut away dead flowers and stems. Weeds are kept in check by, for example, inserting a water- and air-permeable fleece in the ground. This at least prevents weeds from spreading deep into the earth. A layer of mulch helps curb weeds between plants.