Ezhemalina is a hybrid based on common fruit bushes - blackberries and raspberries. It was first obtained in the United States, but later breeders from all over the world joined in the work on the development of new varieties. The fruits of the hybrid are sweet to taste, but regardless of the type, there is always a small amount of acidity. But this is compensated by the large size, stable yield. Cultivation of jaggery requires adherence to certain rules of care. Only in this case, the shrub is able to show high performance annually. Therefore, you should familiarize yourself with them in advance.
Ezhemalina is similar in berry color to blackberries, and more like raspberries in taste.
Features of growing ezhemalina
Cultivation of ezemalina on a personal plot is in many ways similar to other fruit shrubs. But a feature of this culture is the ability of its shoots to grow rapidly, which requires constant tying and proper care. If you ignore this rule, the shrub will oppress neighboring plants.
Ezhemalina does not have high frost resistance. Its branches can withstand temperatures as low as -18 degrees. Therefore, when growing ezhemalin in Siberia in the country, you should bend the shoots to the ground and insulate for the winter. Otherwise, it will not be possible to get a high yield.
Ezhemalina, with proper care, grows in one place for 8-10 years
This hybrid reacts poorly to thickened plantings. Therefore, seedlings should be placed at a sufficient distance so that they are well ventilated and do not compete with each other for moisture and nutrition. For the rest, you should adhere to the standard rules of care, as with other fruit bushes.
How to plant ezemalina correctly
For planting, one-year-old seedlings with a well-developed root system should be chosen. They should not show signs of disease and pest infestation.
When is it better to plant ezhemalina
It is recommended to plant ezhemalina in early spring or autumn, that is, before the beginning of the growing season or at the end of it. In the first case, you need to wait for the soil to thaw to a depth of 30 cm, and the temperature confidently kept above +10 degrees, regardless of the time of day.
Important! In the event of a threat of return spring frosts, young seedlings of Yezhemalin must be wrapped in agrofibre so that they do not suffer.
In the second case, planting should be carried out taking into account the climate of the growing region. In order to plant ezemalina correctly in the fall, you need to know when constant frosts usually come. The procedure must be carried out at least three weeks before that. This time is necessary for the full rooting of the seedling after planting. Otherwise, the immature plant will freeze out in winter.
Where is it better to plant ezemalina on the site
To plant a hybrid, you need to choose an open sunny area, protected from cold gusts of wind. With a lack of light and improper care, the shrub grows green mass to the detriment of fruit formation.
You should not plant ezhemalina on a hill and in a lowland. The area intended for the hybrid should be level, which will allow the roots to be provided with moisture evenly. Planting crops at the bottom of low slopes is allowed, but you should worry about proper care. In this case, you need to ensure that the plant does not suffer from a lack of moisture, and also its roots do not wash out the streams of rainwater.
The shrub shows high productivity when planted in sandy loam and loamy soil with a low acidity level within 5.5-6.5 pH. At the same time, it is important that the soil has good aeration, which will allow air to flow to the roots and eliminate moisture stagnation.
Important! The bedding of groundwater in the area intended for planting the raspberry should be at least 1 m.
It is unacceptable to grow this fruit shrub on clay soils.
At what distance to plant ezhemalina
When planting in spring or autumn, seedlings should be placed at a distance of 1 m, and in a row to withstand 2 m. This makes it possible for the plants to fully develop without competing with each other. With this planting scheme, it is easier to care for the plants and collect the fruits.
Important! When the bushes are placed close, the likelihood of their defeat by fungal diseases increases, and the yield is significantly reduced.
Correct planting of the Jemalina
The site for planting ezhemalina needs to be dug up two weeks before and all roots of perennial weeds must be carefully removed. Also, 40 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulphide should be added to the soil for each square meter. m. According to the same principle, if necessary, the ezhemalina is transplanted to a new place.
Step-by-step instructions for the procedure:
- Dig a hole 40 by 40 cm in size, focusing on the volume of the root system.
- Lay crushed stone or broken brick 7 cm thick at the bottom.
- Sprinkle it with earth.
- Place the seedling in the center, placing the root collar at soil level.
- Sprinkle with earth, slightly compact the soil surface.
- Make a small ditch along the diameter of the root circle, water abundantly, and then level the earth.
The next day after planting, mulch the soil at the base of the seedlings with straw. This will keep moisture in the soil and prevent the roots from drying out.
How to properly care for Yazhmalina Sadovaya
Planting and caring for ezemalina in the Moscow region is practically no different from other regions of the country. Agricultural technology includes timely watering, feeding, pruning, tying and mulching. Subject to all the recommendations for planting and care, this fruit shrub is capable of yielding up to 7 kg annually from one plant.
Pruning and shaping
Agrotechnology for growing ezhemalina involves regular pruning of shoots and crown formation. The yield of the plant directly depends on proper care.
For the first time, ezhemalin needs to be trimmed in late May or early June. By this period, the young branches of the plant grow significantly, so it is recommended to pinch them by 10-15 cm. This will increase branching and accelerate the ripening of the shoots.
With proper care, pruning should be carried out a second time in the fall, removing old branches that have lost their potential. You can leave no more than 8-9 well-developed shoots. And cut the rest at the base. And the third time, taking into account the recommendations for care, the stripping of the crown should be carried out in early spring. At this time, it is necessary to cut off all frozen parts and dry branches.
To get a good harvest at the end of the season, you should properly care for the raspberry in the spring. This shrub belongs to the creeping category. Therefore, he needs support. The best option is a trellis.
In this case, in early spring, all overwintered shoots must be tied up on a wire to the right side. And the young growing branches are gradually directed to the left side of the trellis. In the fall, taking into account the rules of care, it is necessary to sort out viable shoots, leaving no more than 10 pieces. With more of them, the size of the berries and the volume of the harvest are reduced.
Yazhmalina bears fruit on lateral shoots that grow from the main branch
This shrub does not tolerate a lack of moisture in the soil, which leads to the drying of the ovary and a decrease in the volume of fruits. Therefore, caring for ezemalina presupposes timely watering. To do this, you need to use settled water with a temperature of + 18-20 degrees. When moistened, the soaking of the soil should be 10 cm. In dry periods, irrigation should be carried out twice in 7 days.
Important! Watering must be stopped a week before picking berries, otherwise the fruits will become watery.
How to feed Yezhemalin
Taking into account the recommendations for care, the first feeding of Yezemalina should be carried out no earlier than two years after planting. This is due to the fact that an excess of nutrients contributes to high yields, but reduces the frost resistance of the bushes.
The first time to fertilize is recommended in the spring. For this, you can use organics. The second time it is necessary to fertilize after fruiting, using 40 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulphide for each plant.
Proper care of the ezemalina involves laying mulch at the base of the bushes during dry periods. This helps to prevent crust formation on the soil surface, overheating of roots and excessive evaporation of moisture. Peat, straw can be used as mulch. In this case, the layer thickness should be 3 cm.
Important! Do not lay mulch right next to the shoots of the bush, as this will lead to bark heating.
Yezhemalin needs to be covered for the winter when grown in regions with a harsh climate.
When and how best to transplant ezemalina
With proper planting and proper care, ezemalina bushes can be grown in one place for up to 10 years. After this, the plants should be transferred to a new site. It is better to do this in the spring before the start of sap flow. This procedure is carried out in the same way as landing.
Breeding rules for Yezemalina
This fruit shrub reproduces well by layering and cuttings. In the first case, in early spring, you need to dig in an ezhemalin shoot along its entire length. And proper care should be provided throughout the season. To do this, it is necessary to keep the soil slightly moist and periodically add soil under the germinating seedlings. You can transplant them to a permanent place only after a year.
It is recommended to cut the shrub in June. To do this, cut the semi-lignified shoots into pieces with two or three buds. They must be planted directly into the ground. For better rooting, install a mini greenhouse on top. Planting should be regularly ventilated and moistened as the topsoil dries out. You can plant young seedlings of Yezhemalin when they are strong enough and grow. After that, they need to be cared for, as for adult plants.
Diseases and pests
This shrub has a high natural immunity. And subject to the rules of planting and further care, he is not affected by pests and diseases. But in case of inconsistency in growing conditions, ezhemalina can suffer mildly from anthracnose. In this case, it is necessary to spray the crown of the bush with "Fundazol".
Successful cultivation of ezemalina in a personal plot and a summer residence depends on compliance with the recommendations for the placement of the shrub, its planting and the implementation of the rules of care. Only in this case, you can count on a high yield of bushes annually.