Correctly grow and plant artichokes (Cynara) and then enjoy the home-grown delicacy in autumn: here's how you can do it.Artichokes are a real delicacy No matter whether cooked, fried, fried or with a dip - artichokes are a real delicacy. They taste slightly tart and can be used really versatile in the kitchen. Artichokes are also medicinal plants. For example, they alleviate flatulence and lower cholesterol levels.
Most people only know artichokes from a can. Too bad, because the delicious vegetables can also be grown in your own garden. You only have to consider a few important points.
Instructions for growing artichokes
❶ Prefer artichokes from February
The delightful Artichoke company starts growing for you in the first week of February. You need germinable seeds from the gardening trade, growing pots with drainage holes, high-quality growing substrate, transparent film and last but not least a warm location in the house.
If you have everything together, then proceed as follows:
- Let the seeds soak in lukewarm water for at least two hours.
- Then clean the seed pots thoroughly.
- Sprinkle the growing medium loosely in the pots, but do not press them down.
- Put a maximum of four seeds in a growing pot and sprinkle thinly with substrate.
- Cover pots with cling film.
- Bring pots to a warm location in the house (approx. 23 ° C).
- Keep substrate moist in the coming weeks.
- Take off the film once a day and air for one hour.
If you have done everything correctly, you will see the first germs at the end of February. Then keep the germs regularly moist and leave the pots in place in the house until May.
❷ Prepare the bed for artichokes
As the seedlings grow, you should prepare the bed in the garden. Artichokes like to be warm and sunny. Wind-protected areas on the south side of the house are particularly suitable for cultivation. The soil should have a neutral to slightly alkaline pH between 6.5 and 8 and, above all, be very nutritious.
If you keep animals in the barn or have built a compost heap, you can generously incorporate manure or compost into the bed in March. The nutrients then have enough time to spread out before you plant the young artichokes.
❸ Put artichokes outdoors
Choose the largest and strongest specimens from the preferred artichokes in May and keep a planting distance of around 60 centimeters. The floor should never dry out completely in the coming weeks and months, but should not be in the water either. So water regularly in the morning or evening. Since artichokes are very well tolerated by lime, you can also use tap water without hesitation. In September at the latest, you can harvest the first home-grown artichokes.