Rose is the unsurpassed queen of flowers, which for centuries has remained a symbol of grandeur and beauty. She is an object of worship and ardent love. So many legends, perhaps, are not composed about any other flower, it is sung by poets and perpetuated by artists on their canvases. We also love roses, because for all their sophistication, they are able to bloom all summer and are not particularly difficult to care for, even for a novice amateur grower. True, there are content rules that are best not to break. But even with a careless attitude towards itself, the rose will not die immediately, it will send us distress signals for a long time, and when we respond to them, it will quickly recover. Curly roses are worthy representatives of their species - they are enchantingly beautiful, respond gratefully to good care and will decorate any site with their presence.
A little about the classification of roses
The rose is loved by amateur gardeners, landscape designers and residents of megalopolises, who enjoy admiring them in city parks, on TV screens or computers, in lush fragrant bouquets. These flowers are loved by breeders of all countries. Through their efforts, so many varieties have been created that it is impossible to count - from 25 to 50 thousand.
The garden classification of roses has already been discussed in one of our previous articles.
It is constantly changing, since it is not based on the species belonging of a particular variety - this is simply impossible due to centuries of selection, repeated inter- and intraspecific crossing. Most roses simply cannot be traced back to their wild ancestor today, one of 400 species of wild rose hips.
Therefore, the classification of roses was based on stable garden characteristics - biological and decorative features of varieties. Now it is customary to divide roses according to their use in design. The classification is constantly undergoing minor changes with the advent of new varieties - breeders do not stick to the framework, they just create a beautiful flower and they do not care that it does not fall into any of the groups.
Globally, all roses are divided into three huge sectors:
As you can see, speaking of roses by modern varieties, we mean even those that appeared a century and a half ago.
Curly and climbing roses
Today, both climbing and climbing roses belong to the category of climbing roses. Strictly speaking, climbing roses do not exist in nature - not a single species of rose hips or varieties of roses is capable of curling. They can only cling to the support with their thorns, but for this someone must direct the shoots and fix their position.
A large group of climbing roses is divided into two subgroups: large-flowered and small-flowered roses, differing from each other in appearance.
Small-flowered climbing roses
These are exactly the plants that are commonly called climbing roses. Their shoots are flexible, long, arched rising or creeping, necessarily in need of support. Most often they grow up to 5 meters, but there are varieties with more elongated or relatively short lashes. Climbing roses most often have huge racemose inflorescences, consisting of small, 2-3 cm in diameter, flowers that do not have a very strong aroma. If the plant has wintered well, its shoots during flowering are completely hidden under the flowering bunches.
Their disadvantage is that the bulk of the varieties bloom once a season, however, abundantly and for a long time - up to 6-7 weeks. Modern breeding of climbing roses is moving towards creating re-blooming varieties, increasing the size of the glass and enhancing the aroma. Rumblers also belong to this group - most often they have not so long lashes, but their flowers are much larger.
A distinctive feature of a small-flowered or curly rose is that it blooms on overwintered thin shoots of last year. This makes it difficult to grow in northern regions. The plant hibernates well, only thin delicate shoots often freeze slightly and although new ones grow very quickly, the flowering turns out to be flawed, and sometimes it does not occur at all. But if a curly rose is well covered, it will easily overshadow friends with larger flowers with its lush beauty.
Large-flowered climbing roses
Very beautiful, large-flowered roses blooming all summer long have powerful thick shoots, sometimes growing in length up to 4 meters. Their flowers, collected in a few loose inflorescences, are large. Flowering occurs on the shoots of this year, therefore, last year's frozen branches have absolutely no effect on the appearance of buds. Since the growth of the stems of this subgroup of roses is very intense, even a thoroughly frozen plant will grow a new shoot of 1.0-1.5 m during the season and bloom.
Climbing roses, whose shoots do not exceed 1.5-2.0 meters in length, usually do not require support; they can be grown in the form of a spreading bush or hedge. But this does not mean that they cannot be tied up or raised on supports - it will just be somewhat more difficult to do this than with climbing roses.
We talked in detail about climbing roses in our article.
Forerunners of climbing roses
The origin of climbing varieties is associated with two wild species - Multiflora and Vihura Rosehip.
Rosehip multiflora or multiflora native to Japan, Korea, from the island of Taiwan. It has long, flexible shoots up to 3 meters long and numerous white or pink flowers about 2 cm in diameter with a faint cinnamon aroma. Once in Europe, this rose hip was enthusiastically accepted, and it is still found in parks and in large areas. It is often used to create hedges. Differs in lush abundant flowering throughout the month.
This rose hip came to Europe from China, Korea, Japan, the Philippines. In his homeland, he forms picturesque shrub thickets. The outstretched bushes can reach almost two meters in height, but in width - almost 6. It differs in white or pink fragrant flowers, which are quite large for a dog rose - 1.5-3.0 cm in diameter.
Formation of climbing roses
Another article will tell you in detail about the formation of climbing and climbing roses. We note that the climbing varieties definitely need support, since their selection was carried out in such a way that their shoots were as long as possible, flexible and it was easy to tie them up. Only a few varieties have strong, not too long shoots. They were not assigned to another group only because they bloom, like all climbing roses, on last year's branches.
Most often, climbing varieties are grown in the form of a fan - the main and skeletal shoots are placed horizontally or in a fan. They are tied to a strong support braided in plastic with wire.
Important! Do not fasten the wire too tightly - when the stem gets thicker, it can simply crush it.
From horizontally located thick shoots, thin vertical branches will grow, on which flowering will occur.
Attention! Young shoots should be protected in any case without cutting off for the winter, even if they are not fully ripe (cover them better) - it is on them that flowering will occur in the next season.
It is the curly roses that are planted next to the arches. Watch a video about planting options for climbing varieties:
It is important to remember that you need to form curly varieties right away - they grow very quickly, if you miss at least a year, it will be very difficult to put the shoots in order.
Climbing rose varieties
No one argues that all flowers are beautiful, but the topic of our article is precisely curly roses. Photos of varieties will help you appreciate their beauty, perhaps even choose a new plant for your garden.
One of the world's most famous climbing varieties. Fast-growing lashes reach a length of 4 meters. Double flowers with a diameter of 3 to 5 cm have a mild sweet aroma and are painted in raspberry color. The variety is frost-hardy, moderately resistant to diseases.
An improved version of the "Excels" variety. Differs in repeated flowering and greater resistance to diseases. The variety can be called super winter hardy, although it grows well in hot climates. The bush is less vigorous than that of the original variety - its shoots grow up to 1.5-2.0 meters. Crimson flowers, 3-4 cm in diameter, collected in brushes of 5-10 pieces, with a weak aroma.
The world's most famous climbing variety. Shoots with sparse thorns and large leaves grow up to 3.5 m. Semi-double flowers with a diameter of 4.0-4.5 cm are pale pink in color, collected in inflorescences of 7-30 pieces. The variety is winter-hardy.
A once-flowering climbing variety. Shoots with large thorns reach 3 meters in length. Double flowers, collected in a brush of up to 40 pieces, have a pink-purple color, a weak aroma and a diameter of up to 5 cm. Winter-hardy variety.
This variety is not only popular - it has been megapopular all over the world since its inception. It blooms once, but blooms very late, when the rest of the roses have long passed their peak of flowering. Raspberry spherical non-double glasses of bright pink color with a light center and large golden stamens. Scourges grow up to 3-4 m in length, are equipped with large red thorns, the leaves turn red by autumn and decorate the garden for a long time. Looks best on a trellis.
It blooms once, but the flowers are of a variety of extraordinary beauty. The buds are pink, but when they open, the flowers are pure white and become greenish as they age. The size of a semi-double flower is 3-4 cm, petals with wavy edges. Shoots grow up to 3-4 m. It has an average resistance to diseases.
An absolutely delightful variety with velvety purple-violet densely double flowers up to 7 cm in diameter. It blooms once, the length of shoots almost devoid of thorns reaches 3-4 meters. Average resistance to diseases, frost resistance - good.
A re-blooming variety with small white flowers, about 4 cm in diameter. Densely double flowers have petals of various lengths, resemble daisies and are collected in brushes of 5-20 pieces. Little thorny lashes reach a length of 3 meters. The variety is very hardy and disease resistant. In hot climates, it blooms continuously, and the shoots can grow up to 5 m.
One of the largest and most abundantly flowering white varieties. Thorny shoots grow up to 5-8 m in length. White with a cream shade semi-double flowers with a strong aroma are collected in large clusters. It blooms once, but for a very long time, and the bush is almost completely covered with flowers. Possesses good frost resistance.
A re-flowering variety that reaches a height of at least 3.5 m. Flexible thin shoots are not suitable for growing as a single plant, but they will look great on a trellis. The flowers are about 5 cm in diameter, medium double, fragrant, pale yellow in color. During flowering, the bush is almost completely covered with flower clusters. Disease resistance and winter hardiness are ideal.
As you can see, climbing roses are varied and very attractive. Everyone will be able to find a variety to their liking. In addition, no flower can compete with them in vertical gardening.