Do you love figs and can't get enough of them? Then simply multiply your fig tree. You have several options for this.Fig trees can not only be propagated by seeds. A single fig is already attractive in the garden or on a green area. However, if you want to enjoy fresh figs regularly, you will probably want several trees of this kind on your property. But do you have to buy and plant new fig trees right away, or can the fig tree from your own stock also be propagated in some way?
In fact, you have several options. Nature is clever. Seeds, cuttings or shoots can be used for this. The versatile forms are based on the survival instinct of the tree. It has to react to the weather and protect itself from extinction. Depending on the weather and location, for example, the sole propagation by seeds would not be possible. After storms, the seeds are no longer fertile - however, shoots and young branches often break off in the storm, from which new fig trees then grow. It is precisely this versatility that you can take advantage of when multiplying.
This is how a fig tree can be propagated
Option 1 - propagate fig tree from offshoots:
Offshoots are one of the simplest ways to make two trees from a single fig. Because every single branch of the tree can form an offshoot. However, younger branches offer you greater chances that leaves will form from the offshoot. If you choose an older branch, it may happen that the cutting takes root and a usable offshoot develops from it.
To obtain an offshoot, remove a branch from your previous fig. Choose a branch that is at least twenty centimeters long and cut it off under one eye. You should definitely use very sharp secateurs or a knife to cut so that you do not squeeze the branch. Otherwise it is questionable whether roots form. Once you've found and cut a branch, follow the instructions below:
❶ Fill a planter with potting soil and then mix a little sand into the soil to loosen the soil.
❷ Now insert the offshoot approximately halfway into the ground. Make sure that there is enough space between the bottom of the vessel and the offshoot so that roots can form.
Anschließend Then water the soil regularly. It must always be moist, but must not be soaked.
❹ Put a transparent bag over the planter and attach the bag with a rubber band. The bag changes the temperature and the humidity in your small greenhouse. The fig now sprouts roots much faster.
It is important that you keep the young fig in a bucket for about two years and only keep it outdoors for the summer months. Young trees are very sensitive to frost and should therefore not be exposed outdoors or to frost.
Option 2 - propagate fig tree with head cuttings:
Once your fig has developed its first shoots, you can use it to make a head cuttings. Just before flowering, cut the shoot tips off the tree. Keep in mind that the head cuttings should have some leaves. The head cuttings can then be grown very well in a water container. Simply place the separated shoot in a water glass and wait for it to take root. However, the pot should not be fully rooted before planting the fig in a bucket.
Option 3 - pull fig tree from seeds:
The third variant of the propagation deals with growing from seeds. You can get the fertile seeds commercially, but you can also take them from fresh fig fruits. If you choose fresh seeds straight from the fruit, you don't even have to wait for the seeds to dry. You can use the seeds removed with a knife directly. Proceed as follows:
❶ Fill a bucket with a mixture of sand and potting soil.
❷ Then put the seeds on the ground and gently press them down.
❸ Put clear film over the container and attach it. To avoid mold, lift the film for one hour daily so that there is an air exchange.
❹ Place the container in a bright and warm location. The fig germinates particularly well at temperatures of over 20 degrees Celsius. One advantage for you: Even in winter you can grow a young fig tree.
❺ Always keep the earth moist.
❻ Wait until the seedlings are about five centimeters in size, then remove the film a little more every day. In this way, the pupils get used to the new climate.
❼ As soon as the pupils are stronger and almost ten centimeters tall, you should take them out of the container and place them individually. Simply put potting soil and sand in a sufficiently large flower pot and place each pupil in its own container. If you have the space, you can use a flower pot right away.
Tip: Do not place the fig tree in the sun after planting. Get used to the location first and increase the sun exposure.
❽ It takes two years before the fig can actually be put outdoors. Before this, the tree is too sensitive to frost and should be placed in a safe and frost-protected place in winter. Recommended reading: Plant fig trees - ideally on the house wall.