Bedding plants

Planting an apple tree - explained step by step

Bringing an apple tree into your own home garden is pretty easy. But there are a few important points to keep in mind.

Apple trees need a lot of water when planted

Apples are one of the most popular types of fruit in Germany. With over 30 vitamins, the small pome fruit turns out to be a true vitamin bomb with few calories.

In the supermarket you have a large selection of different types. Probably more than you will ever have at home. Nevertheless, the apple from your own garden tastes much better and it is cheaper on top of that.

The trade offers a wide range of varieties, which differ mainly in taste and growth forms. Planting a fruit tree is not a science, but there are some basic requirements that you should know. And that's exactly what I'm going to tell you now.

The most important basic requirements

The right location

Decisive for large and juicy apples is not only the location, but also the nature of the soil. Apple trees need a bright, sunny to partially shaded place to thrive vigorously.

There are large and spreading trees where the crown can reach up to 10 meters. So you should keep a generous minimum distance from the house wall. For small gardens, however, there are also varieties that are small and have flat roots.

The optimal floor

Apple trees thrive optimally on a heavy, deep humus clay soil. This stores the water over a longer period of time and thus supplies the tree with the necessary nutrients at all times.

The best time

The best time to plant the apple tree is in autumn. In contrast to spring, the trees can grow better during the winter and take root sufficiently. If you plant your apple tree in autumn, it will sprout faster.

Planting an apple tree - explained step by step

❀ Step 1: excavate the floor

Before you can plant the apple tree, you have to dig a hole with the spade. This should be at least as wide and deep as the root ball of the tree. In addition, you should loosen up the sole a little with a digging fork.

Then test whether the depth is sufficient. The tree must not be planted deeper than in the nursery. This can be easily recognized by the lighter bark on the trunk. Basically, it is better to plant it flat than too deep.

❀ Step 2: insert apple tree

Now you can insert your apple tree into the hole and adjust it. Make sure that the finishing point is at least ten centimeters above the ground.

Remove any damaged root parts beforehand.

3 Step 3: put the stake

So that the freshly planted apple tree does not tip over due to strong wind gusts, it is safer if you use a post to support it. Hit the post 10 to 15 centimeters into the ground so that the bark does not chafe on the post.

❀ Step 4: Fill the planting hole with soil

After the apple tree is now in place and the necessary support is provided, you can fill the planting hole with soil again. You can also add a little compost or a bag of potting soil. I always add a handful of horn shavings. Then tread the earth firmly so that the cavities close.

5 Step 5: tie the tree

When the tree is stable, the apple tree is tied to the post with a coconut rope. Coconut knit is best because coconut is stretchy and doesn't cut into the bark. The rope is tied in a figure of eight around the tree and post, then the gaps are wrapped and finally the two ends are knotted tightly.

6 Step 6: Water the apple tree well

So that the roots also grow, the apple tree must now be watered well. Two full cans of water are ideal here. So that the water does not run away to the side, you can dig a trench all around with the spade in advance.

Here is a video that shows all the individual steps again exactly:

In the beginning, the apple tree needs all of its strength for the formation of new shoots and for acclimatization. So remove excess shoots. It is sufficient if three to four side shoots and a slightly longer middle branch remain at the beginning. You can influence the later growth form with the first planting cut.