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Decoration

Sunflowers: Different varieties and their properties presented


The sunflower is a blooming highlight in many front gardens. As with many other plants, there are several varieties here. This small overview shows which these are.

Hardly anyone knows that there are so many different types of sunflowers

Granted, sunflowers are striking. Even small children recognize the plants by their large flowers, in the middle of which there is a mighty circle of seeds. But although the plant that belongs to the asters is so well known for its flowering, many plant lovers are surprised that there are actually different types.

In this article we present some of the sunflower species.

Interesting facts about the sunflower

Scientifically speaking, the sunflower belongs to the daisy family and originally comes from North America. In professional circles it is called Helianthus and occurs in 67 individual species. In Central Europe you will mainly come across two natural types of sunflower, although it is much easier to grow the non-cultivated sunflowers thanks to nurseries and potted plants.

Depending on the species, the sunflower is perennial and can reach a height of up to five meters. The flowers are only formed in the upper area of ​​the stem, with the stem often branching here.

The two sunflowers native to Central Europe are the Helianthus annus, or sunflower for short, and the Helianthus tuberusus, which is rarely associated with sunflowers and is known as the Jerusalem artichoke.

The small types of sunflower

Although the sunflower is commonly used in gardens, there are many species and modern varieties of sunflowers that are suitable as potted or container plants. The dwarf sunflowers include:

Teddy bear

The multi-stemmed dwarf sunflower teddy bear (there is e.g. here) reaches a maximum height of 40 centimeters and has a flower that is completely filled in yellow. The flowers can reach a diameter of up to fifteen centimeters.

Sunny smile

Sunflower variety is also multi-stemmed and can reach a height of up to forty centimeters. The flower reaches a diameter of up to fifteen centimeters, but has a dark eye.

Sunspot

With a height of only forty centimeters, the sunflower Sunspot (available here, for example) is suitable as a pot and container plant. The flowers are up to 30 centimeters in size and have a golden yellow color.

Double dandy

With a stature height of 60 centimeters, the double candy sunflower (there is e.g. here) is already significantly larger. It has a yellow flower color and a double flower.

Garden statement

The fully grown garden statement (available here, for example) reaches a height of 80 centimeters and forms large and showy flowers with a dark inner circle.

Italian White

This sunflower is more suitable as a container plant and reaches a height of up to 120 centimeters. It is multi-flowered, but rather produces small flowers that stand out with a dark blue inner circle lined with cream-colored leaves.

An overview of the large species

The following sunflowers are also annual, but are only of limited use as container plants:

Pro Cut Biocolor

With a height of 150 centimeters, the Pro Cut Bicolor (available here, for example) can still be placed in a large bucket. The plant grows on a single stem and forms yellow-orange flowers with a diameter of approximately 15 centimeters.

Helianthus debilis

This species also grows up to 150 centimeters high, but belongs to the multi-stemmed genera. The flowers are relatively small at eight centimeters, but they are ideal for drying.

Terracotta

This sunflower grows up to 1.80 meters. It has several stems and forms flowers with a diameter of approximately 15 centimeters. The flower color is dark orange.

Evening sun

A height of two meters is not uncommon in this multi-stemmed evening sun (there is e.g. here). It got its name from its red-orange flowers, which are reminiscent of a sunset. It is ideal for the garden because the flowering period covers a long period.

King Kong

If you put the King Kong sunflower (e.g. here) in the garden, you have a real eye-catcher. The plant grows up to four and a half meters tall and grows with multiple stems. The flowers can reach a diameter of forty centimeters.

If you choose a multi-stemmed variant of the sunflower for your garden, you should regularly cut off the withered flowers. In this way, the plant can form new and additional flowers.