Kupena officinalis is a well-known plant from the Lily of the Valley (Convallariaceae) family, resembling garden lilies of the valley in appearance. Due to its decorative appearance, the culture is widely used for landscape design of territories. Various parts of the plant are harvested for the preparation of medicinal infusions and decoctions.
The medicinal purchase has many names: core, wolf grass, signet, deaf lily of the valley, raven berries, wolf's fang, Solomon's seal
Description of the medicinal product
Perennial belongs to the herbaceous group. Description of the medicinal plant kupena allows you to form a general idea of the decorative culture:
- thick, multi-generational, lignified rhizome over time;
- bush height up to 60 cm;
- stems glabrous, drooping, with edges;
- leaves are alternate, oblong elliptical or ovate, stalk-embracing;
- leaf length up to 14 cm;
- leaf width up to 5 cm;
- the color of the upper part of the leaf plates is green;
- the color of the lower part of the leaves is dull, grayish-green;
- drooping pedicels emerging from the axils of the leaf plates;
- perianth tubular, white;
- perianth with six greenish teeth;
- the fruit is a round berry, up to 1.2 cm in diameter;
- the color of the berries is black and blue.
The plant blooms in late May, early June, bears fruit in August
Where and how does the fragrant bush grow
Kupena medicinal, the photo and description of which is presented above, grows naturally in the European part of Eurasia. The plant is widespread in forests, meadows, mountain slopes. Medicinal or scented kupena prefers well-shaded areas.
The creeping rhizomes of the plant grow, forming vast meadows
Poisonous medicinal purchase, or not
Based on the description of the fragrant (Polygonatum odoratum Druce), pharmacy or medicinal, it is possible to draw conclusions about the toxic properties of almost all parts of the plant. Stems, foliage, roots, flowers have an emetic effect. An overdose of any drug made from a fragrant medicinal product can cause a sharp deterioration in well-being. Various parts of the plant cannot be used for the prevention and treatment of diseases in children and pregnant women. Berries and seeds have the most pronounced toxic properties.
The bright color of the fruits of the pharmacy's kupena signals danger
Application in landscape design
Modern fashionable landscape designers widely use the perennial medicinal flower to decorate territories. Even after the end of flowering in June, until late autumn, the bushes of the fragrant bush do not lose their decorative appeal. Another plus of the culture is that the medicinal plant takes root well and grows in shaded areas, where other flowers die from lack of sunlight.
A fragrant medicinal kupen can be placed anywhere in the garden:
- in the shade of trees, buildings and other small architectural forms;
- in sunny meadows;
- around picturesque stones, snags;
- in rockeries;
- near a pond or pool.
The medicinal one is very beautifully bought in harmony with moss, coin loosestrife, periwinkle, bug or auga, garden cuff, threadlike veronica, bulbous primroses (narcissus, tulip, crocus, scilla).
Magnificently and solemnly, the snow-white tears of the inflorescences of the medicinal plant look next to the brightly flowering plants
Medicinal or pharmacy purchases multiply in two main ways:
- vegetative (by dividing the bush).
Growing a plant from seeds is a troublesome and time-consuming task.
Reproduction by dividing the bush is the easiest and most affordable way to buy a fragrant medicinal
For reproduction bought with fragrant or medicinal seeds, you can use purchased or home-collected planting material. Seeds should be pre-stratified within a month on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
A soil mixture of equal parts of river sand and peat is placed in a container for seedlings. The seeds are sown, the planting containers are harvested for 90 days in a cool place with an air temperature of + 5 ⁰С.
Then the crops are kept for 3-4 months in a room at temperatures up to + 23 ⁰С, after which they are again removed to a cool place (up to + 5 ⁰С) for 30-60 days.
At the last stage of growing seedlings, the air temperature should be up to + 23 ⁰С.
At this time, the crops of the medicinal plant need diffused light, watering as the soil mixture dries up. The sweet-smelling seedlings transplanted into open ground at the end of May take root at a rather slow pace.
The first flowering of medicinal plants grown from seeds occurs only by the fourth year of life.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the bush is carried out in late summer or early autumn, or in early spring before the growth of shoots. The mother bush is removed from the ground, the root system is divided into several plots so that the root section contains a viable growth point.
Experts recommend dividing the bushes once every five years so that the medicinal plant does not grow.
Landing terms and rules
Kupena is not distinguished by complicated agricultural technology. The medicinal plant grows well in the wild without human intervention.
Seedlings purchased from the pharmacy, or medicinal, are transplanted into open ground at the end of May.
Plots obtained from the mother bush are moved to a new place in early spring, late summer or at the very beginning of autumn.
To perform work on transplanting a fragrant medicinal product to a permanent place, you must choose a cloudy day
Well-shaded areas are considered the best place to place a pharmacy or medicinal store. In the shade of trees and architectural forms, the graceful forest beauty will feel great.
Medicinal culture actively grows on well-fertilized soils
Planting holes for transplanting seedlings or plots bought by the drugstore medicinal in open ground are prepared in advance.
The rhizome is carefully placed in the hole, straightened, deepening up to 8 cm into the soil.
The distance between individual plots should be at least 20 cm.
The transplanted medicinal plants are watered, the holes are sprinkled with dry soil and a layer of mulch.
The first two years, young bushes of a medicinal culture take root, then the flowering period begins
Caring for a medicinal perennial needs minimal:
- watering as the soil dries up, no more than once a week;
- mulching to prevent the soil from drying out near the bushes;
- gentle loosening;
- two-stage fertilization (the first time in early spring, top dressing with complex mineral or organic preparations, the second time - during flowering);
- monitoring of diseases and pests;
- preparation for wintering (mulching with sawdust, compost or peat, covering with spruce branches).
When loosening the soil, it is important not to damage the rhizomes of the medicinal plant, which are located close to the surface of the earth.
The chemical composition of the plant value
Almost all parts of a medicinal or pharmacy purchase are endowed with a unique chemical composition, which explains the value of an ornamental culture for the human body:
- roots are a source of fructose, alkaloids, mucous substances, starch, glycogenin, trace elements (zinc, copper, manganese), carotene, ascorbic acid, nitrogen-containing compounds, tannins;
- leaves and stems are sources of alkaloids, flavonoids (vitexin, quercetin), steroid saponin (diostegin), vitamin C and PP;
- fruits - sources of cardiac glycosides (konvallarin, konvallatoxin, konvallaramin).
Allantoin is found in almost all parts of the fragrant kupena and contributes to a powerful anti-inflammatory, antitumor and wound-healing effect.
For the treatment of some diseases (abscesses, wounds on the surface of the skin), fresh juice is used in certain proportions. For the treatment and prevention of other ailments, decoctions, infusions, tinctures are prepared. When deciding to use traditional methods, you should consult in detail with a specialized specialist.
Due to the active substances that make up the leaves, fruits, roots, the medicinal bath is used in official medicine.
Medicinal properties of Kupena
The following medicinal properties of the plant are widely used:
- expectorant effect, since the foliage and stems of the kupena help get rid of cough, relieve inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, thin phlegm;
- analgesic effect, since the tincture of various parts of the drug is suitable for rubbing with rheumatism, joint pain, pain syndromes with arthritis, gout, migraine;
- decongestant, diuretic and blood-purifying action helps in the complex treatment of dropsy, various edema, diabetes mellitus;
- antitumor, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing effects;
- hemostatic and enveloping effect in the complex treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers, inflammatory processes in gynecology;
- tonic effect, due to which the symptoms of heart disease are alleviated;
- restoration and lightening of the skin with acne, freckles, pigmentation;
- emetic action in case of poisoning;
- reducing the risk of hallucinations in disorders of the nervous system.
Since ancient times, "deaf lily of the valley" has been used to prepare medicinal potions for numerous ailments
Root recipes bought medicinal
A special niche in the prevention and treatment of various diseases is occupied by medicinal or fragrant rhizomes. The formulations are prepared from dry roots following a proven recipe that has been passed down from generation to generation.
The decoction from the rhizome has the form of an enveloping mucous liquid that does not irritate the walls of the digestive tract. For this reason, the remedy from the kupena can be used internally for such ailments as diseases of the lower respiratory tract (cough, bronchitis), gastritis, gout. Apply the broth regardless of the meal, 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day.
There are several ways to prepare the decoction. In the first way, the broth is prepared as follows:
- young roots are selected, dried, crushed;
- one tablespoon of roots is poured with one glass of boiling water;
- under the lid, the mixture is infused in a water bath;
- the mixture is filtered and insisted for one hour.
The second method of preparing a decoction from the rhizomes is bought:
- crushed raw materials are poured with cold water in an enamel pan;
- on low heat, the liquid is heated without bringing to a boil;
- the mixture is filtered and infused for one hour.
Before using a decoction of "deaf lily of the valley" inside, you should first consult with your doctor
Broth bought medicinal in milk is used for problems with the pancreas, various forms of hernia. The mixture effectively and gently lowers blood sugar levels. They use a broth bought from the pharmacy in milk inside for 1-2 tbsp. 3 times a day.
- powdered dried root (2 tablespoons) is poured with cow's milk (3 liters);
- bring the mixture to a boil over low heat;
- stirring occasionally, the broth is left on the fire to evaporate about one liter of milk;
- the mixture is filtered while hot.
The broth bought medicinal in cow's milk has been used in Russia for a long time
An infusion, in contrast to a decoction, is a composition with a longer exposure, which contains the maximum concentration of nutrients. Used to treat inflammatory processes of the respiratory tract, ulcers, hernias, pain relief. The algorithm for making an infusion is similar to preparing a decoction, but the healing agent should be insisted for at least three hours. Application scheme - 2 tbsp. 2-3 times a day.
Herbalists recommend steaming the infusion by wrapping the container in a warm blanket.
Tincture from a fragrant store is prepared with alcohol. It is used for outdoor and indoor use. Internal use of tincture of the root of Kupena medicinal is prescribed in the case of the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, bronchitis, diseases of the intestines, prostate and female reproductive organs. Dosing regimen - up to ten drops of alcoholic tincture in a glass of water, green tea or rosehip infusion once a day for 14 days. Ten days later, the two-week course is repeated.
An alcoholic tincture of the medicinal drug is prepared as follows:
- fresh root is chopped on a grater;
- 100 g of crushed raw materials are poured with a liter of 70% alcohol;
- the composition is infused for 20 days in a dark place at room temperature.
Alcohol tincture treat problem areas of the skin (acne, age spots, freckles, growths, bruises, abrasions, bruises)
Fresh juice from the leaves of Kupena officinalis is used for compresses, lotions, applications. Leaves are plucked, washed, ground in a meat grinder, juice is squeezed out through cheesecloth.
Elixir made from fresh leaves of Kupena fragrant is used to treat dermatological problems
The use of medicinal bought in traditional medicine
The pharmacy, or medicinal, was bought - raw materials for the preparation of compositions of traditional medicine. Herbalists from generation to generation passed on invaluable recipes that many use today, along with medicines as part of the complex treatment of various diseases.
For stomach pains
For stomach pains, after consultation with your doctor, you can use a decoction of a pharmacy or medicinal product. For chronic stomach problems, a decoction of Solomon's root in milk is most effective.
Decoctions, infusions and tinctures of the medicinal plant are used to treat various gastrointestinal diseases
For abrasions and cuts
The most effective for abrasions, bruises, wounds, cuts, and other skin lesions is shown by fresh juice from the leaves, decoctions and infusions from the roots of the fragrant. The bandage, moistened with the medicinal composition, is tied to the damaged areas to the skin for an hour, twice a day for seven days. Such compresses and applications relieve pain, swelling, inflammation.
In case of emergency, you can rip off the leaf, scald it with boiling water and tie it to the wound.
With gout and joint pain
To relieve joint pain and unpleasant symptoms of gout, you can use the infusion of rhizomes "Solomon seal". The healing mixture is taken orally 0.5 ml twice a day for seven days.
Infusion of rhizomes is rubbed into sore spots twice a day for one week
"Pochechuy" - so called hemorrhoids in Russia. The disease was cured with a decoction of the roots of the medicinal bath. The recipe for a decoction for the treatment of hemorrhoids is slightly different from the classic one:
- take two tablespoons of the crushed root purchased from the pharmacy;
- pour 400 ml of boiling water;
- insist under a lid in a warm place for four hours;
- strain through several layers of gauze until a clear solution is formed.
The course of treatment is at least five procedures until the symptoms disappear.
Tampons soaked in a decoction of the root of the fragrant are injected into the rectum at night
Application in cosmetology
Due to its unique natural composition, the pharmacy is widely used for the production of cosmetics for face and body care. The plant is a part of creams, tonics, lotions, masks. The essential oil bought medicinal is very effective for combating freckles, other skin pigmentation. A homemade root decoction has a beneficial effect on problem skin:
- from red spots with smallpox, measles and acne, use a decoction as the main lotion after washing and removing makeup;
- to lighten pigmentation, rhizome juice diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio is used;
- from pigmentation and redness, use the essential oil of the medicinal plant, which is also diluted with water.
Traditional medicine should be used only after consultation with a dermatologist or cosmetologist.
Limitations and contraindications
As you know, a pharmacy, or medicinal, is bought - a poisonous plant. In order to choose the right dose, you should consult with herbalists, homeopathic doctors.
There are categorical contraindications for the use of any formulations from the medicinal product:
- children under the age of 16;
- pregnant women;
- women during breastfeeding;
- people with seasonal allergies.
In case of an overdose in adults, symptoms of poisoning, vomiting attacks are observed
Collection and procurement of raw materials
The collection of herbs (leaves, stems, flowers) is carried out from May to June during flowering. The roots are harvested in September. The berries are harvested after they are fully ripe. Raw materials are dried in air in ventilated areas. After drying, they are stored in paper or wooden containers in a dark and dry place. Experts recommend collecting raw materials in the forest away from roads and industrial facilities.
The useful properties of the dry parts of the medicinal plant are retained for two years.
Interesting facts about the pharmacy purchase
For a long time, the root of the fragrant kupena has been used for economic purposes:
- treatment of cattle when infected with gadfly larvae;
- as an anthelmintic for the treatment of pets;
- to increase appetite in ruminants.
In addition, in the old days, young men and women rubbed their cheeks with bought berries to give a natural blush.
Deer and marals in the wild willingly eat medicinal kupena for the natural expelling of worms and other parasites
Cupena officinalis is a unique, amazing plant that can be found almost throughout the entire European part of the continent. The herb, which in early summer produces delicate inflorescences in the form of crystal bells, heals many diseases. According to an ancient legend, King Solomon appreciated the beneficial properties of fragrant kupena. He endowed the plant with his mark, which can be seen on curved roots. Therefore, the people call the healing herb "Solomon seal".