Do you like almonds? Then plant yourself an almond tree in the garden. You don't even have to pay much attention to this.The almond tree belongs to the rose family and is available as a tree or shrub. Particularly striking is the white to pink bloom in April and May, which is one of the first sources of food for bees in spring. In the summer months, the almond tree (Prunus triloba) with its lush branches and delicate leaves is a green eye-catcher in the garden. And in autumn it is finally time. Then the almond tree bears edible fruit. However, the almond tree only thrives if you plant it properly.
- 1 Choice of location and soil conditions for almond trees
- 2 How to plant the almond tree correctly
- 3 Taking care of the almond tree
- 4 Recommended varieties
- 5 Summary
|Almond tree (Prunus triloba)|
|Growth rate:||20 - 70 cm a year|
|Location:||Sun to partial shade|
|"Show more pictures and data|
Location selection and soil conditions for almond trees
The almond tree grows best in a sheltered, sunny or partially shaded spot, bears many flowers and numerous fruits. So choose a place in the sun in the garden. But note: Depending on the variety, the almond tree can reach a height of between two and six meters, so the tree crown is correspondingly expansive. Therefore, leave plenty of space so that your almond tree can develop freely.
If you want to keep the decorative plant in a bucket, you should choose a variety that remains rather small. Incidentally, almond trees in the bucket can be left outside in winter if you provide frost protection from styrofoam, cardboard or straw.
The soil for almond trees and almond bushes should be nutrient-rich and permeable to water and air. The plant cannot cope with a heavy and waterlogged soil.
How to plant the almond tree properlyThe ideal planting time is in spring before the almond tree sprouts again. During this time, dig out the planting hole, insert the well-watered root ball and fill up with compost. A layer of normal garden soil then comes over it. After planting, firmly grip the soil and water the planting site.
Caring for the almond tree
If the plant has grown well, it needs little maintenance. On very hot summer days e.g. a lot of water necessary. However, make sure that there is no waterlogging. From late summer onwards, you should no longer water so that the almond tree can prepare for winter.
Compost is best suited as a fertilizer, which you simply apply from time to time as an upper layer around the trunk. Occasionally, a maintenance and form cut is also required. Almond trees are insensitive to diseases. Only the Monilia tip drought, a dreaded fungal disease, can become dangerous for the little tree.
For flower lovers:
If the flowers are most important to you, choose an ornamental almond tree (Prunus triloba) such as “Cherubini”, “Truncata” or “Rosenmund”.
For almond lovers:
For the tree to bear fruit, the location must be predominantly sunny and the summer climate as warm as possible. The so-called sweet almond trees (Prunus dulcis) also bloom profusely and delight with edible almonds in autumn. Suitable varieties are “Ferragnes” and “Small, full-bodied sweet almonds”, which bear fruit with a hard shell and a sweet core. A thin shell shows almond or crack almonds (Prunus dulcis var. Fragilis) such as “Dürkheimer almond” and “Great princess almond”.