Zelenchukovaya lamb (yellow) is a herbaceous perennial plant used by gardeners for landscaping. In landscape design, wild erect varieties are used, but ground cover varieties are also found. Yellow lamb can be grown in any area without much difficulty. The plant is picky and goes well with other ornamental crops.
Description and characteristics
Yellow lamb (Galeobdolon luteum) is a herbaceous perennial, up to 30 cm high. Creeping stems, well-rooted with soft villi, light green in color. Peduncles are erect, can reach 60 cm in height.
The root system is fibrous. Because of this, the shrub is able to fill the site with long shoots in a short period of time.
Stems grow 50 cm or more annually
As it grows, the shoots cover the soil, and the width of the bushes increases. By trimming, you can give the dome shape. Some gardeners tie to supports and trellises. In such cases, the growth of the shrub slows down.
Shoots are densely covered with opposite leaves. They are ovoid, wrinkled, with small cilia near the petioles. The upper leaves are larger than the lower ones, with jagged edges.
Important! The yellow lamb's color remains all year round. The leaves remain green even in winter.
Zelenchuk is characterized by short-term flowering. It begins in mid or late May, less often in June.
The shrub is highly frost-resistant. Zelenchukovaya lamb tolerates winter without shelter. It is characterized by low sensitivity to frost, withstands temperatures up to -35 degrees. Strong winds have a detrimental effect on it. It can lead to hypothermia of superficial roots, especially in summer if they have been overdried.
Yellow lamb does not tolerate prolonged drought. Due to the heat and lack of water, the shoots begin to dry out and become brittle. Excess moisture is also detrimental to the plant, as it provokes fungal diseases.
The structure of the flower is yellow
The buds are collected in stem whorls. They are located in the axils of the upper leaves. In the lower part of the bush, peduncles are not formed. The open buds do not have a pronounced aroma.
Bracts are linear, sharp, slightly bent down. Small cilia are present at the edges. The sepals are bell-shaped, shorter than the bracts. Corollas are yellow, oblong ovoid with four stamens.
Lamb prefers moderately moist fertile loams
Blossoming of yellow lamb lasts up to 3 weeks
Faded shoots are recommended to be immediately removed from the bushes. Then, in their place, new ones will form, on which buds also appear. This allows you to extend the flowering period by extending it to August.
In the photo of zelenchuk lamb, rounded fruits are noticeable. Seeds are formed in them. As they mature, they open up.
Although the lamb is shade-loving, it grows equally well in the open sun
Yellow lamb is common in many countries. Wild species grow in Asia, Russia and Eastern Europe. Several varieties are successfully grown in the North, including Sweden, Denmark and Norway.
The yellow lamb is adapted to growth in well-moisturized soils. Therefore, such a plant is common in coniferous and deciduous forests. Under natural conditions, yellow lamb reproduces by seeds that are carried by insects and birds.
Varieties of zelenchuk ordinary
In landscape design, wild varieties of yellow ash are used. There are several common subspecies.
- Florentitum (Florentitum).
- Montanum (Montanum).
- Argentatum (Argentatum).
The most popular varieties of yellow lamb are Golden Nuggets and Golden Anniversary. The main feature of such zelenchuk is that they have variegated foliage. It is dark green with a silvery pattern.
Prolonged drought is harmful to Zelenchukova lamb
Variegated varieties of leaves are not recommended to be planted in the sun, otherwise they may lighten and lose their decorative effect.
The main way is to divide the bush. The plant tolerates this procedure very well due to its strong root system and fast-growing shoots. The division also has the advantage of maintaining varietal qualities.
The procedure is carried out in the spring season. A planting hole for a new plant is prepared in advance. A bush of yellow lamb is dug up, removed from the soil. It is necessary to separate the shoots with strong roots, on which young buds are present.
If you want to plant several new specimens side by side, you should let the plant shed its seeds. They have a high germination capacity and many new bushes will appear next year.
Important! The plant does not take root well when propagated by layering.
Reproduction by cuttings is allowed. The material is cut in August and rooted in a moist substrate. After the roots appear, the cuttings are transplanted into a container in which they are kept until next year.
Planting and caring for zelenchukova
It is not difficult to grow a beautiful ground cover shrub on your site. To do this, it is enough to follow a few simple rules and competently care for the plant.
Depends on the planting material. Many grow yellow lamb from seeds. They need to be sown in mid-spring when persistent warming occurs. They are planted directly into the ground.
Important! Podzimnya planting of seeds is allowed. However, the percentage of germination decreases.
Young plants obtained by cuttings are planted in the soil in May. The constant air temperature should not fall below 8 degrees.
Site and soil requirements
For yellow lacuna, areas located in partial shade are best suited. Excess sunlight negatively affects the condition of the plant, especially in summer, in hot weather.
The soil on the site should be loose, well-moistened. The plant is insensitive to low nutrient content in the soil. But in order for the yellow lamb to bloom regularly and profusely, places with fertile soil should be chosen.
It is not recommended to plant in soil containing excess nitrogen. Otherwise, the bush will grow too quickly and may harm other plants.
Planting and leaving
First of all, you need to prepare the site for sowing. All weeds are removed. The soil should be dug up, leveled if necessary.
Sowing seeds of yellow lamb:
- Dig shallow grooves.
- Spill the grooves with water.
- Place the seeds on the bottom at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle with a thin layer of loose soil.
- Sprinkle with water on top.
The first shoots appear in 8-10 days. When the seedlings grow slightly, you can remove the extra ones. In the early stages, abundant watering is not required. It is carried out only if there is no precipitation for a long time.
Yellow lamb blooms in the second year after planting in open ground
One of the important advantages of the described plant is that it inhibits the growth of weeds. Therefore, it does not need weeding. As the bush grows, you need to periodically shorten the surface roots, otherwise they can harm the plants located nearby.
Important! Different varieties of lamb should be planted at a distance of at least 2 m from each other.
Adult plants need regular watering. Due to the dense foliage, the bushes need a lot of water. For each use 15-20 liters. Irrigation is carried out 1-2 times a week to prevent waterlogging.
Mineral dressing is not required for yellow lamb. The bush is fertilized once a year, in the spring, before flowering. In this case, organic sources of nutrients are used.
After flowering, buds are removed from the shoots. The fruits in which the seeds are formed also need to be harvested in order to exclude self-seeding.
Due to prolonged drought, the yellow lamb can be affected by spider mites, scale insects and whiteflies. Such pests can cause serious damage to the plant. For prevention, the bush needs to be treated with an insecticidal agent once every 2 months.
Before wintering, dry shoots are removed from the bushes. It is not necessary to cover the plant. To keep the roots from freezing, it is recommended to spud them with loose soil mixed with dry foliage, sawdust or bark. In the spring, they will become an additional source of nutrients for the plant.
Lamb's lamb in landscape design
Lamb is actively used for decorative purposes. Due to its rapid growth, it can green a large area in a short period of time. In this case, the shoots spread and grow in breadth, which is why the bush becomes voluminous.
Yellow lamb is used to decorate various landscape elements:
- artificial reservoirs;
- garden buildings;
- verandas, loggias.
Lamb is often grown in flowerpots as an ampelous plant. Due to regular haircuts, they give it the correct shape.
Zelenchuk is often used for planting next to other low-growing shrubs.
The yellow lamb is ideal for planting in shaded areas where other flowering shrubs cannot be planted. With the help of such a plant, you can decorate various compositions, create a background for other crops.
Zelenchuk lamb is a common plant used for decorative purposes. The shrub is appreciated by gardeners and designers for its simplicity in care, a fast growth rate. Despite the short flowering, it retains its decorative effect all year round due to its beautiful dense foliage. The shrub can be grown in almost any conditions, as it is cold-resistant and shade-tolerant.