Tips and tricks

How to cook shiitake mushrooms: fresh, frozen, dried


If you know how to properly cook shiitake mushrooms, you will be able to please the family with a large number of delicious and aromatic dishes. They can be purchased fresh, frozen and dried.

Only strong fresh mushrooms are suitable for cooking

Preparing shiitake mushrooms for cooking

Chinese shiitake mushrooms are easy to cook. The main thing is to choose a quality product. When buying fresh fruits, preference is given to dense specimens, in which the caps have a uniform color. There should be no damage to the surface.

Brown spots are the first sign of stale food. Also, you cannot purchase and cook fruits with a slimy texture.

How to clean shiitake

Before cooking, wipe the mushrooms with a soft brush or cloth, then cut off the legs. The hats are not cleaned, as they contain the main aroma for which Shiitake is famous.

How to soak a shiitake

Only dried fruits are soaked so that they acquire a more delicate flavor. Mushrooms are poured with purified slightly warm water.

Fresh shiitake is porous and should not be soaked. Mushrooms quickly absorb liquid and become insipid.

How much to soak shiitake

The fruits are left in liquid for 3-8 hours. It is best to start preparation in the evening. Pour shiitake water over and leave until morning.

Dried shiitake is best left in water overnight.

How to cook shiitake mushrooms

There are different ways to prepare shiitake mushrooms. At the initial stage, there is a slight difference in the preparation of frozen, dried and fresh product.

How to cook frozen shiitake mushrooms

Frozen fruits are first thawed in the refrigerator. You cannot speed up the process with a microwave or hot water, as shiitake will lose its unique taste.

After the mushrooms have thawed, they must be lightly squeezed and used according to the recommendations of the selected recipe.

How to cook fresh shiitake mushrooms

Fresh shiitake is washed and boiled in a small amount of water. For 1 kg of fruit, 200 ml of liquid is used. The cooking process should not exceed four minutes. There is no need to pre-soak them. The boiled product is cooled and used for its intended purpose.

Advice! Shiitake should not be overcooked, otherwise the mushrooms will taste like rubber.

How to cook dried shiitake mushrooms

The dried product is first soaked. To do this, fill it with heated, but not hot water, and leave it for at least three hours, and preferably overnight. If mushrooms need to be cooked quickly, then use the express method. The shiitake is sprinkled with sugar and then poured over with water. Leave for 45 minutes.

After soaking, the product is wrung out a little and used to prepare the selected dish.

Shiitake mushroom recipes

Cooking recipes with photos will help make shiitake mushrooms tender and tasty. Below are the best and proven food options that fit the daily menu.

Shiitake mushroom soups

You can make delicious soups from shiitake. Mushrooms go well with vegetables, herbs and meat.

Chicken broth

The recipe provides for the use of rice wine, which, if desired, can be replaced with any white dry one.

You will need:

  • chicken broth - 800 ml;
  • black pepper;
  • egg noodles - 200 g;
  • salt;
  • rice wine - 50 ml;
  • dried shiitake - 50 g;
  • vegetable oil;
  • water - 120 ml;
  • garlic - 8 cloves;
  • soy sauce - 80 ml;
  • onions - 50 g;
  • green onions - 30 g.

Step by step process:

  1. Rinse the garlic cloves without peeling. Place in the form. Drizzle 40 ml of oil, then add water. Send to a preheated oven, cook for half an hour. Temperature - 180 °.
  2. Peel the garlic off. Grind the pulp with a pestle in mashed potatoes. Pour in a little broth. Mix.
  3. Pour water over the mushrooms for half an hour. Take out and dry. Cut into strips. In the process, remove the legs.
  4. Chop green and onions. Fry the white part until golden brown. Add shiitake. Cook for five minutes.
  5. Boil the broth. Add fried foods. Pour in the garlic dressing, followed by the soy sauce and wine. Cook for three minutes.
  6. Add noodles and cook according to package directions. Sprinkle with green onions.

Chives will help enhance the flavor of the soup and make it more appetizing.

Miso soup

The original and hearty soup will amaze everyone with its extraordinary taste and aroma.

You will need:

  • katsuobushi - ¼ st .;
  • water - 8 tbsp.;
  • sesame oil - 40 ml;
  • kombu seaweed - 170 g;
  • dried shiitake - 85 g;
  • garlic - 3 cloves;
  • light miso paste - 0.5 tbsp.;
  • fresh ginger - 2.5 cm;
  • bok choy cabbage, cut into quarters - 450 g;
  • green onions with a white part - 1 bunch;
  • diced tofu cheese - 225 g

Cooking process:

  1. Pour sesame oil into a tall saucepan. Throw in chopped white onion, grated ginger, chopped garlic. Switch on the medium cooking zone.
  2. After a minute, fill with water.
  3. Rinse the kombu and put it in the liquid with the katsuobushi. When it boils, cook on minimum flame for 10 minutes. Avoid bubbling in the process. Get the kombu.
  4. Throw in mushrooms, then miso. Cook for a quarter of an hour. The fruit should be soft.
  5. Add bok choy. Cook until soft.
  6. Place the tofu. Cook an aromatic soup for five minutes. Add chopped green onions.

Miso soup is served in deep bowls with Chinese chopsticks

Fried shiitake mushrooms

The fried product has an amazing taste, unlike other forest fruits. Following simple recommendations, you will be able to prepare original dishes with shiitake mushrooms, which will be appreciated by all gourmets.

With garlic

During the cooking process, you can add your favorite spices, but you cannot overdo it with their amount, otherwise it will be easy to kill the mushroom aroma.

You will need:

  • fresh shiitake hats - 400 g;
  • salt;
  • lemon juice - 20 ml;
  • pepper;
  • garlic - 1 clove;
  • parsley;
  • olive oil - 40 ml.

Cooking process:

  1. Wipe the hats with a cloth. Cut in small pieces.
  2. Chop a garlic clove. Pour in oil and cook over low heat until a strong garlic aroma develops.
  3. Add mushrooms. Simmer for five minutes. Stir constantly during the process. Sprinkle with salt and then pepper.
  4. Add chopped parsley. Drizzle with juice. Mix.

Advice! The fried dish is delicious to serve with crumbly rice.

The more parsley you add, the tastier the dish will be.

Crisps

If you don't overexpose the mushrooms in oil, the result will be chips that are much tastier than store-bought potato chips.

You will need:

  • large fresh shiitake - 10 fruits;
  • sunflower oil - for deep fat;
  • egg - 3 pcs.;
  • spice;
  • flour - 60 g;
  • salt.

Step by step process:

  1. Rinse the fruit and cut into slices. It is not necessary to do too thin.
  2. Season with salt and sprinkle with your favorite spices.
  3. Add flour to eggs. Stir until smooth. There should be no lumps.
  4. Dip each plate separately into the resulting batter.
  5. Deep-fry until a delicious golden crust appears.
  6. Remove with a slotted spoon and dry on a paper towel, which will absorb excess fat.

To make the chips tasty, cut the shiitake into medium-thick slices.

Pickled shiitake mushrooms

For cooking, you need a minimum set of products, and the whole family will appreciate the result.

Required components:

  • shiitake - 500 g;
  • filtered water - 1 l;
  • white wine vinegar - 80 ml;
  • salt - 40 g;
  • dill - 5 umbrellas;
  • carnation - 7 buds;
  • mustard seeds - 40 g;
  • bay leaf - 1 pc.

Step by step process:

  1. Take out the mushroom product, rinse thoroughly. Cover with water and cook for a quarter of an hour.
  2. Pour cloves and mustard into the prescribed amount of water. Pour in vinegar. Add dill umbrellas and bay leaves. Wait until the mixture boils.
  3. Add mushrooms. Cook for five minutes.
  4. Transfer to prepared containers. Pour marinade over. Tightly tighten the caps.

Pickled fruits served with olive oil and herbs

With ginger

Spices give the pickled dish a special aroma, and ginger - piquancy.

You will need:

  • frozen shiitake - 500 g;
  • salt - 15 g;
  • dry adjika - 10 g;
  • apple cider vinegar - 20 ml;
  • bay leaf - 1 pc .;
  • carnation - 5 buds;
  • purified water - 500 ml;
  • ginger - to taste;
  • allspice - 3 g;
  • garlic - 2 cloves;
  • cilantro seeds - 2 g.

Cooking process:

  1. Boil 2 liters of water. Throw in the mushrooms. You do not need to defrost them beforehand. Cook for a quarter of an hour.
  2. Drain the liquid, and rinse the boiled product with cold water.
  3. Pour salt into purified water. Add pepper, bay leaves, cilantro seeds, and peppercorns.
  4. Cut ginger and garlic into thin strips and send to the rest of the spices along with adjika. Boil.
  5. Add mushrooms. Cook for five minutes.
  6. Transfer to a sterilized jar along with the marinade. Roll up.

Advice! It is better to use only hats for cooking, as the legs are too hard.

For a richer taste, roll with bay leaf and spices

Shiitake mushroom salads

Chinese recipes for salads with shiitake mushrooms are famous for their original taste and exquisite appearance.

With asparagus

A bright juicy salad will help to add variety to the daily menu.

You will need:

  • balsamic vinegar - 60 ml;
  • asparagus - 400 g;
  • cilantro;
  • shiitake - 350 g;
  • olive oil;
  • red onion - 80 g;
  • pepper;
  • garlic - 3 cloves;
  • salt;
  • cherry - 250 g.

How to prepare:

  1. Chop the asparagus. Each piece should be about 3 cm.
  2. Chop the onion. Pass the garlic through the garlic. Cut the hats into quarters.
  3. Fry mushrooms in oil. A golden crust should form on the surface. Transfer to a plate.
  4. Arrange the asparagus and cook until crispy on the outside and still soft on the inside.
  5. Connect prepared components. Add halved cherry and chopped cilantro. Sprinkle with salt and then pepper. Drizzle with oil. Mix.

Warm salad with asparagus, shiitake and tomatoes Serve the salad warm

Summer

Nutritious easy and vitamin-rich cooking option.

You will need:

  • boiled shiitake - 150 g;
  • salad - 160 g;
  • bell pepper - 1 large fruit;
  • tomatoes - 130 g;
  • cucumber - 110 g;
  • soy asparagus Fuzhu - 80 g;
  • Mitsukan sauce - 100 g.

Step by step process:

  1. Break the asparagus into small pieces. Cover with warm salted water. Leave for an hour. Drain the liquid.
  2. Cut all vegetables into thin strips. Tear the salad with your hands.
  3. Connect all components. Drizzle with sauce. Mix.

The salad has a high taste only fresh, until the vegetables are juiced

Calorie content of shiitake mushrooms

Shiitake is classified as a low-calorie product. The calorie content of 100 g is only 34 kcal. Depending on the added components and the selected recipe, the indicator increases.

Conclusion

As you can see from the suggested recipes, preparing shiitake mushrooms is easy and simple. In the process, you can add your favorite herbs, spices, vegetables and nuts to your dishes.


Watch the video: Simmered Shiitake Mushrooms Japanese Recipe (May 2021).