Siberia is a huge part of Russia, which is characterized by poor climatic conditions with low temperatures and a short summer period. However, this is not a hindrance for local gardeners: many farmers grow thermophilic vegetables, including peppers, on their plots. For this, domestic experimental vegetable stations have developed special zoned varieties. They are resistant to the existing climate, unpretentious to soil and cultivation conditions. At the same time, one can distinguish varieties of pepper for open ground in Siberia, which have a special cold resistance, high yield and excellent taste.
Peppers for the open spaces of Siberia
When choosing a variety of pepper for sowing in open ground, you should pay attention to several parameters, namely:
- the growth of the plant;
- the length of the period from sowing the seed to the beginning of fruiting;
- taste and color of pepper;
- cold resistance;
- the thickness of the pulp.
These parameters, as a rule, are indicated by the manufacturer on the seed package. In this case, the culture will correspond as much as possible to the declared parameters, if it is recommended by the manufacturer for cultivation in specific areas.
Pepper varieties presented by breeders for growing on open land in Siberia can be classified according to the color of the fruit.
Bright yellow pepper can be considered a true decoration of the garden, especially the Siberian one. In order to grow a rich harvest of yellow peppers, you must give preference to the following varieties:
The name itself speaks of the sunny color of these peppers. Despite the fact that the plant is not tall (up to 90 cm), its fruits are massive, weighing up to 300 g. They are distinguished by special juiciness, fleshiness and aroma. The thickness of the pepper wall reaches 1 cm. Such large fruits ripen on average in 116 days.
Important! The variety is extremely cold resistant.
In order to get a timely harvest, it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings in February. When 2-3 true leaves can be observed, the plants must be dived. At the same time, in the spring, crops should be protected with a film cover on arcs. Under favorable conditions, the yield of the variety "Golden Pyramid" reaches 7 kg / m2.
High-yielding variety yielding fruits up to 11 kg / m2... The bright yellow peppers are distinguished not only by their massiveness, but also by their amazing taste. They are not very large, weighing only 80 g, however, they have a pronounced sweetness and a bright aroma. From the day of sowing the seed, to the ripening of the first fruits, a little less than 120 days pass.
Attention! The variety does not lose its yield even in the presence of low temperatures and lack of lighting.
A variety designed specifically for growing in the middle latitude of Russia and Siberia. It has excellent resistance to cold and disease. On one bush of this variety, dark green and bright orange fruits are simultaneously formed. Their shape is similar to a cone, the mass does not exceed 160 g. The thickness of the vegetable wall is up to 5 mm.
Attention! The pulp of this variety is slightly bitter.
The variety is grown mainly in an open area, however, it is possible to cultivate it in a greenhouse. The plant is medium-sized, bears fruit in an amount of up to 6 kg / m2.
An early maturing, disease-resistant variety, the peppers of which are colored bright yellow. Their shape is extraordinary: cylindrical, highly elongated. Such a fruit weighs only 80 g, but at the same time its walls are quite fleshy and absolutely not bitter.
The plant is medium-sized, not very bushy, therefore it is recommended to dive into open ground at the rate of 4 pcs. 1 m2 soil. The plant is cold-resistant and slows down its development only at temperatures below -100C. The crop yield reaches 7.5 kg / m2.
Attention! Yellow pepper contains the maximum amount of useful microelements: it contains 1.5 times more potassium and 25% more vitamin C than bell peppers of a different color.
These facts allow us to say that yellow peppers are not only tasty, but also very healthy.
Most varieties bear fruit with red peppers. They look great and taste great. In this category, a number of the best peppers for the Siberian climate can be distinguished.
Pepper, shaped like a tomato. Its red color only improves the resemblance. You can see the vegetable in the photo below. The variety is considered one of the best, because with a modest height (up to 40 cm), the yield exceeds 5 kg / m2... For the fruit to fully ripen, the culture needs 150 days.
The taste of the pepper is excellent: its pulp is tender, thick, juicy. The vegetable has a special fresh aroma. The peppers themselves are small, weighing up to 90 g.
Sweet red pepper, weighing about 100 g. Its shape is cone-shaped, even. The thickness of the fruit wall is 6 cm. The variety is not particularly juicy, but has a bright aroma. It takes more than 115 days for the fruit to ripen.
Thin skin and delicate pulp allow you to consume fresh fruits, as well as to make various culinary dishes from them, winter preparations. The disadvantage of the variety is the low yield of 3 kg / m2.
An excellent variety of bell pepper. Due to the high yield (up to 22 kg / m2) is grown not only in private gardens, but in farms. Perfectly adapted to open field conditions.
Peppers of the Kupets variety have a classic shape of an elongated prism. Small peppers of green and red color are formed on one bush. They are distinguished by an especially thick pulp (up to 11 mm), with a bright aroma. For the ripening of vegetables, 130 days are enough. The weight of one fruit is small - up to 70 g.
The variety got its name due to its high level of cold resistance. It is especially popular with Siberian gardeners. The culture is low, slightly spreading and does not require a garter. The plant is well adapted to open field conditions.
Fruits "Morozko" have the shape of a cone, weigh about 110 g. Their walls are quite thick (0.7 mm), juicy, sweet. The skin of such fruits is tender, thin. It takes about 114 days to ripen the crop. The yield of fruits is high - 6-7 kg / m2... The vegetable is used for fresh consumption, stuffing, canning.
The variety is resistant to low temperatures. Differs in especially large green and red fruits, weighing up to 300 g. Mustang peppers ripen in a little more than 105 days. Their flesh is tasty, sweet, thick (8 mm).
Seeds are sown for seedlings in February. After 2 true leaves grow for 2 weeks, it is hardened and planted in the ground. In the spring stages, it is recommended to protect the bed with a film cover. In the absence of the threat of frost, crops do not need shelter.
A representative of the Siberian selection, which is resistant to cold and stressful conditions. The variety is early ripe - the fruits ripen in 100 days from the day of sowing the seed. It is perfectly adapted to open soils.
Peppers "Siberian Prince" have a cone shape, red color, glossy surface. Their pulp is up to 5 mm thick, juicy and aromatic. The average weight of one fruit is 150 g. The crop yield is low - less than 5 kg / m2.
Winnie the Pooh
This variety is widely known among experienced gardeners. It gives even a low (up to 6 kg / m2), but a stable yield. The plant itself is exceptionally short, its bushes are only 20-30 cm high.
Peppers up to 11 cm long, conical. The pulp is not too thick (6 mm), but very sweet and aromatic. The vegetable weighs no more than 70 g. It takes no more than 105 days to ripen the crop.
Important! Despite the fact that the variety was bred in Moldova, it is excellent for Siberian latitudes, since it is resistant to cold weather, diseases, and lack of lighting.
The variety is resistant to low temperatures. Its yield directly depends on growing conditions and varies from 3 to 7 kg / m2, which also indicates a significant effect of feeding and shelter. The plant is medium-sized, therefore, with the threat of frost, it can be covered with a film, like a greenhouse.
Peppers at the stage of maturity have a red surface, elongated, conical in shape. Their weight is about 100 g. The walls of the vegetable are of medium thickness, sweet.
A very famous variety of pepper, bred by Moldovan breeders. This plant does not exceed 60 cm in height, however, the yield reaches 7 kg / m2... It takes an average of 130 days for the fruits to ripen, so it is recommended to pre-sow seeds in cups for seedlings in February-March.
The shape of the peppers is ovoid, while red and cream-colored vegetables are simultaneously formed on one bush. Their weight reaches 180 g. Their pulp is juicy, aromatic, sweet.
Many varieties are represented by red peppers, which allows each farmer to choose the most suitable one in terms of taste and agronomic characteristics. All of the above crops are great for the southern and middle climatic zone.
In some cases, the green color of the vegetable may indicate the onset of its ripeness. There are not very many such varieties of pepper, but they are not inferior in taste to fruits of a different color. Among the green peppers are:
A variety whose fruits are green in color. True, with the onset of biological maturity, the peppers begin to turn red, so when collecting the seed, you can see bright red peppers. "Triton" is especially popular because it has a high yield (up to 11 kg / m2), early ripening of fruits (110 days), and short bush (up to 50 cm). The plant is disease-resistant, grows well and bears fruit in open ground.
The peppers are quite long, they contain 2-3 inner chambers. Their pulp is juicy and sweet. The vegetable weighs about 120 g.
Fruits of the "Badminton" variety do not have such a pronounced green color, their color can be more likely attributed to light green or cream. The culture is excellent for Siberian conditions, as it is highly resistant to cold weather. The ripening period of the fruits is 120 days, therefore it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings in March.
The peppers are similar in shape to a cube, their flesh is sweet, the walls are 6 mm thick. The vegetable weighs 160 g.
The bush is medium-sized, successfully grows and bears fruit at temperatures above +10 0C. Its yield is 5.5 kg / m2.
The variety is mid-season, ripens in 130 days. Its fruits are cuboid, sweet, weighing about 210 g. The thickness of their pulp is about 7 mm. The culture is grown in the open field by the seedling method, it is able to withstand cold, it is resistant to diseases. Fruits up to 5 kg / m2.
Having chosen a variety of pepper, it will be useful to get acquainted with the features and rules of its cultivation in the climatic conditions of Siberia. You can find out about them in the video below:
Peppers are a thermophilic and slightly whimsical culture, however, very popular among gardeners, since its fruits are not only beautiful, tasty, but also healthy. It is doubly difficult to grow a rich harvest in the presence of a meager climate, but observing some rules and making efforts, the task becomes feasible even for a novice gardener.