The Black Moor variety has been known since 2000. It is grown to produce small fruits suitable for fresh use or homemade products. The variety has a good taste and is suitable for transportation.
The characteristics and description of the Black Moor tomato variety are as follows:
- semi-determinant type of bush;
- mid-season ripening period;
- after the emergence of sprouts, the picking of tomatoes occurs in 115-125 days;
- the height of the bush is up to 1 m, in the greenhouse it reaches 1.5 m;
- the first brush is formed after 8 sheets, the rest - after the next 3 sheets.
The description of Black Moor tomatoes is as follows:
- fruit weight - 50 g;
- dark red tint;
- thick skin;
- elongated shape;
- fleshy and juicy pulp;
- sweet taste.
Approximately 5-6 kg of tomatoes are removed from each square meter of plantings. From 7 to 10 fruits ripen on one brush, but their number can reach 18.
According to the characteristics and description of the tomato variety, the Black Moor is suitable for preparing appetizers, salads, first and second courses, sauces and juices. Due to their thick skin, they can be used for home canning: salt, pickle, ferment.
The Black Moor variety is recommended for cultivation in greenhouses and hotbeds. If climatic conditions permit, you can land it in an open area. Regardless of the method of planting, you first need to get seedlings, in the process of growth of which the necessary conditions are provided.
Tomato seeds are planted in mid-February. It should take about 2 months before the seedlings are transferred to a permanent place.
First, the soil is prepared for planting, which includes two main components: garden soil and humus. You can prepare it in the fall or purchase soil mixture in specialized stores.
If soil from the site is used, then it must be well warmed up in the oven or poured with a solution of potassium permanganate. This will eliminate harmful spores and insect larvae.
Advice! Healthy tomato seedlings are obtained by planting seeds in a coconut substrate or a mixture of peat and sand.
Then proceed to the processing of seed material. It must be wrapped in a damp cloth for a day. The seeds are kept at a temperature of more than 25 degrees, which stimulates their germination.
Containers are filled with prepared soil. For tomato seedlings, boxes or cups 15 cm high are suitable. The seeds are deepened into the soil by 1 cm. The optimal step for planting tomato seeds is 2 cm.
Shoots appear most quickly when the ambient temperature reaches 25-30 degrees. At first, the containers are kept in a dark place, but the tomato sprouts that have appeared must be transferred to the light.
Tomato seedlings need lighting for half a day. It is periodically sprayed with warm water to prevent the soil from drying out.
The Black Moor variety is intended for cultivation in greenhouses. The heifer or greenhouse for planting tomatoes begins to be prepared in the fall. It is recommended to eliminate the upper soil layer, since it concentrates disease spores and pest larvae.
Dig up the remaining soil and add garden soil. Compost and wood ash must be added. From mineral fertilizers at this stage, superphosphate is used (5 tablespoons per 1 m2) and potassium sulfate (1 spoon).
Important! Every year the place for planting tomatoes is changed.
According to the description, the Black Moor tomatoes are considered tall, so they are placed in a greenhouse with a step of 40 cm. 70 cm should be left between the plants. The seedlings are moved into the recesses together with an earthen lump. Sprinkle the roots of tomatoes with earth, tamp a little and water abundantly.
For the next 10 days, tomatoes are not watered or fertilized. Plants take time to get used to new conditions.
Transfer to the beds
In the southern regions, the Black Moor tomato is planted in open ground. In this case, well-lit areas located on a hill are selected. If necessary, high beds are equipped for tomatoes.
Tomatoes prefer areas where cabbage, legumes, onions, garlic, carrots and other root crops previously grew. The beds that grew tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and potatoes a year earlier are best left for other crops.
Advice! The soil under the tomatoes is dug up and fertilized with compost.
Tomatoes are planted in rows, between which they leave 0.7 m. Plants must be placed with an interval of 0.4 m. After planting, you need to water the tomatoes well.
With constant care, the Black Moor variety gives a large yield. Plants need timely watering and top dressing. The soil under the tomatoes must be loosened and no crust formation allowed.
Caring for tomatoes also includes forming a bush, which makes it possible to control the thickening of the plantings. Be sure to tie the plants to the support.
According to reviews, the Black Moor tomato has an average resistance to diseases. Observance of the microclimate when growing tomatoes and preventive spraying with Barrier or Fitosporin will help to avoid the development of diseases.
The intensity of watering tomatoes depends on the stage of their development. Before the ovaries appear, the planting is watered once a week, the moisture consumption is up to 5 liters. The lack of water is indicated by yellowing and twisting of the tops, therefore, water is applied regularly.
When the first fruits appear, the tomatoes are watered twice a week. 3 liters of water are added under the bush. Such a scheme avoids cracking of the fruit.
Advice! After watering, the tomato greenhouse is ventilated to prevent moisture build-up.
Water is first collected in barrels. You can only use warm water, which has time to settle. The procedure is carried out in the morning or evening hours.
During the season, the Black Moor tomato needs several dressings. After planting, the plants are fertilized with phosphorus and potassium. Due to phosphorus, the growth of tomatoes is improved, and potassium increases the palatability of the fruit.
Important! In a large bucket of water, 35 g of superphosphate and potassium sulphide are taken.
Substances are introduced into the soil by irrigation. Such treatments are carried out no more than once every 14 days.
During the ripening period of tomatoes, a solution is prepared containing 10 liters of water, a tablespoon of sodium humate and double superphosphate. It is also added to the soil when watering tomatoes.
Ash containing calcium, potassium, magnesium and other components will help replace minerals. It is embedded directly into the ground or insisted in a bucket of water, after which the tomatoes are watered.
The Black Moor variety is formed into one or two stems. Excessive shoots from tomatoes must be removed. They are broken off by hand until they are 5 cm long.
The formation of a bush is necessary to increase the yield of tomatoes. The procedure does not contribute to the growth of the green mass of tomatoes, which has a positive effect on the microclimate in the greenhouse and fruit formation.
Since, according to the description, the Black Moor tomato is tall, it is tedious to tie it to a support. This forms a straight stem of the plant, and the fruits do not come into contact with the ground. Planks made of metal or wood or more complex structures are used as support.
Valentina, 53 years old, Bryansk
When choosing tomatoes for planting, I decided to try black-fruited varieties. The Black Moor did not disappoint at all. The variety was remembered for its taste and unusual color. She grew tomatoes both in a greenhouse and in open beds. The bushes very quickly appeared stepchildren, which must be constantly removed. The fruits were picked a little unripe, they were well suited for canning.
Evgeny, 65 years old, Kursk
Black Moor tomatoes have become a real decoration of my garden. The unusual appearance of the fruits and their taste really liked the grandchildren, they were plucked right from the bushes. The variety was used for salads, and very beautiful dishes were obtained. Tomatoes are also suitable for canning. These tomatoes are very meaty and sweet. The skin is thick, but does not spoil the taste.
Lydia, 45 years old, Tver
I chose the Black Moor tomato according to reviews on the Internet. The seedlings sprouted amicably and grew rapidly. Tomatoes of this variety grow very tall, so you need to tie them up and pinch them. The fruits are medium-sized, elongated and dark in color. The variety did not suffer from late blight. The tomatoes were very sweet, but I didn't get a big harvest. Next year I will try to change the care and feed the tomatoes more, I really liked this variety.
The Black Moor tomato is prized for its unusual appearance and taste. Its fruits can withstand long-term transportation, suitable for daily ration, canning and other processing.
To obtain a good harvest, they provide optimal growing conditions for the variety: watering, airing, regular feeding. The bush also needs shaping and tying. Preventive treatments and observance of tomato care will help to avoid the development of diseases.