Tips and tricks

Pear New Year: description


Winter varieties of pears have a high keeping quality. The crop can be stored for more than three months. Such varieties are frost-resistant and unpretentious in care. Description, photos and reviews about the New Year's pear are important information, after reading which, no connoisseur of tasty fruits will remain indifferent. The New Year's pear variety is appreciated for regular fruiting, scab resistance, and minimal care requirements.

Description of the pear variety New Year

The New Year's pear was bred in 2016 by domestic breeders from the city of Bryansk. The variety is high-yielding, tolerates abrupt changes in weather conditions, and has an average resistance to diseases. The first fruits can be obtained 5 years after planting the tree. The harvest period is from September to October.

The variety differs from other types of pear seedlings. Medium-sized tree, fruiting in large pears. The crown is wide, slightly spreading. The bark is rough, gray in color. Branches are brown, slightly pubescent, arched.

The leaves are rounded, slightly wide, the color is deep green. Over time, the green mass can form small curls around the edges of the leaves.

Fruit characteristics

The fruits of the New Year's pear are rather large, pear-shaped. Weight from 100 to 150 g. The color is green-olive with a raspberry tinge. After harvesting, pears can be stored for more than 3 months.

Important! The variety has a high keeping quality, however, for this it is important to create the correct storage conditions for the fruits. The room should be dark, cool and humid (at least 70%).

The pulp of a New Year's pear is juicy, white. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness, the aroma is rich. Fruits have small seed chambers, rough skin.

Attention! New Year's pear tends to change its taste during storage. Consumers note that fruits that lie down a little become much tastier.

Pros and cons of the New Year variety

Among the advantages of the New Year's pear variety, it should be noted:

  • pleasant fruit taste;
  • frost resistance;
  • high yield rate;
  • medium resistance to diseases and pests;
  • increased scab resistance;
  • long shelf life;
  • attractive appearance of the fruit;
  • winter ripening period.

It should be noted that the variety has practically no drawbacks in cultivation. The only point: with abundant fruiting, the fruits differ in size, but this minus practically does not bother gardeners.

Optimal growing conditions

This variety is recommended for growing in temperate climates, preferably cultivation in Central Russia. The New Year's pear has high frost resistance, it can be for a long time without watering.

If you plan to grow a fruit tree in the south, it is important to determine the correct time for planting. In places with very hot summers, it is recommended to plant a New Year's pear in early spring. In all other cases, seedlings are planted in the fall, but before the onset of frost. The best time for this: late September - early October. If you plant in the spring, the optimal time would be late April - early May.

Planting and caring for a New Year's pear

Before you start planting a tree, you should choose the right place. It is preferable that the site be free of drafts, well lit by the sun. It is better to plant a New Year's pear from the south side. The groundwater depth should not exceed 2 m.

Advice! The soil for New Year's pears should not be dense and clayey. The variety does not tolerate excess moisture.

The site for planting is being prepared in the fall. Even if the planting will be carried out in the spring, site preparation should be done in advance. To do this, dig holes up to 50 cm deep, up to 1 m wide. A prepared soil mixture is laid on the bottom of the planting pit, consisting of: superphosphate, humus, fertile soil. All components are mixed in equal proportions.

Attention! During and after planting, it is not recommended to feed the New Year's pear with nitrogen fertilizing. Fruit trees are very sensitive to this type of fertilizer.

After preparing the planting pit, a strong support should be installed. To do this, take a high wooden peg. The soil at the bottom of the planting hole is loosened well, small holes are made, which will improve the exchange of air, which will stimulate the active growth of the tree root.

Landing rules

Having performed the correct agricultural technique for planting New Year's pears, you can minimize the risk that the seedling will not take root.

Step by step guide:

  1. Prepare the seedling. In a young sprout, a small pruning of the roots and upper part is done. After that, the seedling is placed in water.
  2. Wood ash is poured into the ground dug from the hole, a little water is added.
  3. The root of the plant is placed in the prepared mixture.
  4. A dozen raw eggs are laid at the bottom of the planting pit, and a mixture of ash and earth is poured on top.
  5. Place the seedling in the hole, leaving the root collar above ground level.
  6. They fill the hole with soil with a slide, tamping well.
  7. A dozen raw eggs are laid around the trunk, covered with earth.
  8. The top of the cut is lubricated with a composition of earth with wood ash.
  9. Tie the seedling to the support.
  10. Watering is carried out (20 liters of water).
  11. Mulching is carried out with peat or sawdust.

Watering and feeding

After planting a young seedling, it is important to provide the plant with proper care.

Winter New Year's pear loves moisture, but without an overabundance. The best watering is rain. In case of prolonged absence of precipitation, watering is carried out manually.

Experienced gardeners recommend digging a ditch (10 cm wide) near the pear, where water is poured if necessary. Thus, the root system of the tree will absorb as much moisture as it needs.

In order for the New Year's pear to bring a good harvest, top dressing is performed if necessary. You can determine what the plant needs by the appearance of the tree:

  • with a lack of nitrogen, the green mass develops poorly;
  • an excess of nitrogen is indicated by a long ripening period of fruits and low frost resistance;
  • lack of phosphorus can be determined by breaking off branches at the bottom of the tree;
  • potassium deficiency is characterized by discoloration of the leaves and their drying out;
  • lack of calcium manifests itself in spots on the leaves and leads to early fall of foliage.

Important! It is not recommended to feed the plant for no particular reason. If the tree looks healthy, it has enough nutrients in the soil.

According to gardeners, the New Year's pear should be fed closer to autumn. The seedling will better tolerate frosts, and the soil will be saturated with useful substances. It is worth noting that feeding is performed after harvesting the fruits.

Pruning

Trees are cut in autumn and spring. This activity improves the quality and quantity of the fruit. Regular pruning allows the green mass to receive more sunlight. Spring shoot removal is a good prevention of diseases and insect pests.

To properly trim, you must follow the instructions:

  1. Choose a garden tool according to the age of the plant. Young trees are cut with pruning shears, adults - with a hacksaw.
  2. The main trunk is shortened by ΒΌ part, poorly developed and dead shoots are removed.
  3. Pruning is carried out at a temperature not lower than 5-7 degrees Celsius.
  4. Places of cuts are treated with a special composition: oil paint, drying oil, garden varnish or the preparation "Rannet".

Whitewash

Whitewashing of New Year's pears is carried out annually in autumn and early spring. Autumn whitewashing helps to minimize the risk of damage to the main trunk, is the prevention of diseases. The trunk and main branches are subject to whitewashing.

To perform this event, use:

  • lime powder - 2.5 kg;
  • copper sulfate 0.5 kg;
  • wood glue - 1 pack;
  • any insecticide - 1 pack;
  • water - 12 liters.

All components are mixed and left for several hours until complete dissolution.

Trees are treated with the prepared composition, with a deepening into the ground by 4-5 cm.

Preparing for winter

Main care measures: preventive pruning of old, damaged branches, whitewashing, fertilization.

Closer to winter, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied under the trees, and the area is cleared of weeds. It will be useful to add superphosphate and potassium sulfate to the soil. Such dressings will provide the pear with useful substances for the entire winter period.

Important! Fertilizers applied in autumn stimulate early flowering and abundant fruiting.

Do not forget about protection from rodents. Mice and hares can damage the bark of young trees. To avoid unpleasant consequences, the trunk is wrapped in burlap. Experienced gardeners recommend lubricating the bark of a tree with clay mixed with mullein and plain water. In this case, you can do without shelter.

Pollination

With the presence of pollinators in the garden, the yield and quality of the fruit are increased. Severyanka pear is the best pollinator for most pear varieties.

Yield

The ripeness of the fruit can be determined by the following criteria:

  • the peel of the pear is green with a raspberry tint;
  • fruits are easily removed from the branches;
  • pleasant taste, white pulp.

New Year's pear gives a harvest at the end of September, it is harvested until mid-October. A more precise assembly period is determined individually, depending on the growing region.

It is recommended to store the fruits in a cool dark place after harvest.

Important! The room where pears are stored must be well ventilated.

Diseases and pests

This variety has an average resistance to diseases and insects. If you identify and identify the pathogen in time, you can quickly cope with the disease.

For the New Year's pear, aphids, moths, pear mites, fruit rot and black crayfish are dangerous. The main advantage of the variety is scab resistance.

If a tree is damaged by one of the diseases, you should purchase special preparations in a garden store, process according to the instructions.

Advice! All treatments should be done before or after fruiting.

Reviews about pear New Year

Lopatchenko Inga Alexandrovna, 56 years old, Omsk

I love this pear very much, since not all of my winter fruit trees have taken root. The only thing I recommend to pay attention to when planting is a well-established support near the seedling. The peg should be strong and the pear should be tied to it without tension.

Matyushenko Ivan Igorevich, 46 years old, Voronezh

My grandchildren love pears, so I grow winter varieties. It is very nice to have fruits that are healthy and unprocessed in winter. With proper storage, the fruits can lie for more than 3 months, and the taste changes only for the better over time.

Ivchenko Galina Vladimirovna, 37 years old, St. Petersburg

And I'm waiting for my New Year's pear to start bearing its first fruits. The fifth year has passed after planting, I hope I will soon be able to eat my own pears.

Conclusion

Having looked at the description, photos and reviews about the New Year's pear, it can be noted that the fruit tree is absolutely unpretentious in care. The variety is frost-resistant, can withstand prolonged absence of watering. The New Year's pear has an average susceptibility to diseases and insect pests, but is resistant to scab.


Watch the video: How To Grow Fruit Trees From Cuttings. By: Rick Gunter (May 2021).