Peach The white swan is often grown in warm to temperate regions. The fruits of this variety are quite unusual in color, which to some extent contributes to its popularity. For those who want to plant this peach on their site, there is a description, characteristics of the variety and agricultural technology for its cultivation.
Origin of the peach variety White Swan
This variety is of domestic origin, obtained back in Soviet times in the Crimea, in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. Refers to mid-late varieties.
Peach Description White Swan
This plant is thermophilic, therefore it is recommended to grow it in the southern regions and, possibly, in some regions of the Middle Lane. The description of the peach variety White Swan or White Lebedeva (another name) is as follows:
- medium-sized tree;
- the crown is spreading, spherical;
- fruits are large (150-200 g), almost uniform in size, rounded or broadly oval, with a slightly convex apex;
- the skin is light, non-classical peach color, sometimes with a blush, pubescent in the region of the peduncle;
- the flesh is creamy white, delicately fibrous, the cut fruit does not darken in the air;
- the stone is medium in size, well separated from the pulp.
The taste of peaches is harmonious, pleasant, sweet, with honey notes, without the presence of acid (when fully ripe), rated by professional tasters at 4.5 points. The aroma is characteristic for the culture, pronounced. What the White Swan peaches look like can be seen in the photo.
Peach Characteristics White Swan
It will be useful to learn about the characteristics of this variety for those gardeners who are interested in it and want to grow on their site.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The White Swan peach, which can be seen in the photo, is drought-resistant, so it can be grown in areas with dry and hot climates. It is characterized by sufficient cold resistance (withstands frosts down to -30 ˚C), but still unsuitable for planting in regions where there are very cold winters.
Does the variety need pollinators
The peach variety White Swan is self-fertile, so it does not need pollinators. The tree can be grown without replanting other varieties of peaches.
When the peaches ripen White swan
The fruits of this medium-late variety ripen in August, about 1-2 decades. Then comes the time for harvesting the fruits. The white peach crop is shown in the photo.
Productivity and fruiting
The first fruits from plants of this variety can be harvested in the second or third year after planting, and from the fourth or fifth they are gaining full strength. The yield of this variety under good climatic conditions is above average - from one tree (over 6 years old) you can harvest 50-60 kg of excellent quality fruit. The frequency of fruiting is not observed: the peach gives a harvest of fruits every year. Ripe fruits have a wonderful taste: sweet, rich, there is a lot of juice in the pulp.
Scope of the fruit
Crimean peaches White swan can be used for eating fresh and for processing: prepare various homemade preparations from them: jam, jam, juice with pulp, peach compotes or assorted fruits. Fruits plucked from trees are not stored for a very long time, but they can be transported over short distances; peaches of this variety do not tolerate transportation over long distances.
Disease and pest resistance
The peach of this variety is quite resistant to various diseases, including powdery mildew and clotterosporiosis, but nevertheless, for various reasons, it can be affected by some fungal diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The advantages of this peach are:
- excellent characteristics of its fruits, unusual skin color, tasty and aromatic pulp;
- rapid entry into fruiting;
- the ability to produce a harvest of fruits every year;
- resistance to heat and cold, some diseases.
Disadvantages are manifested in susceptibility to fungal diseases and in the fact that ripe fruits are poorly transported and stored for only a short time.
Peach planting rules
To grow a good peach fruit tree that will bear fruit for many years, you need to plant it correctly. It is important to take into account many nuances, such as the placement, timing and the landing process itself.
A peach of this variety is planted in spring, after the arrival of stable heat, but before budding on the seedlings. In the fall, planting is also carried out at least a month before the cold weather, so that the young trees have time to take root.
Choosing the right place
The place on the site for the White Swan peach tree should be light and open, that is, sunny, but partial shade is also acceptable. It should be located on level ground or on a hill, but not in a lowland (there should be at least 1.5 m to the groundwater). This is due to the fact that in constantly moist soil, peach roots can be attacked by rot, which will lead to the death of the plant. Areas where stone fruits used to grow are not suitable: plums, apricots. The most suitable soil for this culture is loam or sandy loam. The acidity of the soil is neutral or alkaline.
Selection and preparation of planting material
1 or 2-year-old seedlings are suitable for transplanting. They should be completely healthy, with well-developed roots and shoots.
Advice! It is advisable to purchase seedlings in nurseries to be sure of their varietal affiliation.
Before planting in a permanent place, the trees are prepared: the roots are kept for a day in a solution of any root formation stimulant.
Before planting a peach seedling in a permanent place, the dried tips of the roots and branches are cut off by 1/3 part. Then:
- Dig planting holes 0.7 m in diameter and the same depth. The distance from one tree to another must be at least three meters.
- At the bottom of the pits, 1 bucket of humus and 0.5 kg of ash are poured. Everything is mixed with earth and watered.
- A seedling is placed vertically in the center of the pits, covered with soil along the neck and the soil is slightly tamped.
- The trunk circle is mulched with any plant material.
How to plant a White Swan peach is shown in the photo.
Peach follow-up care
In the first season after planting, the Swan peach is watered abundantly (at least 5 buckets of water) several times over the summer, especially in the heat. An adult tree is watered only if there is a strong or prolonged heat.
The plant is fertilized every year: 2-3 times in the spring and summer and once in the fall, starting from the second year of planting. The composition of fertilizers should be dominated by potassium and phosphorus, nitrogen should be limited. In summer, peaches are watered with slurry at a concentration of 1 to 10 or a solution of bird droppings at a concentration of 1 to 20. Before they are introduced, the tree is watered with clean water so that the infusions do not burn its roots.
In autumn, under each peach, they bring:
- superphosphate (granules) - 200 g;
- potassium chloride - 150 g.
Mineral fertilizers can be replaced with organic ones and applied under each tree 7-10 kg of humus and 0.5-1 kg of ash.
Cut the peach in the spring before bud break or in the fall before the onset of cold weather. In the spring, they cut out all the branches that have dried up during the winter, and the remaining healthy ones are shortened by ¼ part. In the fall, the growth of the current year, growing inside the crown, is removed.
For the winter, the trunk circle near the tree is dug up and sprinkled with a layer of peat, foliage, straw, and the bole is wrapped in burlap to protect it from rodents, and on top with a piece of roofing material. In the spring they are removed from the tree.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
White peach can be affected by a disease such as curly leaves: it most often appears in a damp and long spring. If you do not take action and do not cure the plant, then it may die.
Fruit rot, moniliosis, scab, mushroom burn can also harm a peach. These are infectious diseases, the spread of which can be prevented by spring and autumn preventive treatments of trees with Bordeaux liquid, as well as by covering the cut sites with garden pitch.
Pests that can settle on peach trees at different periods of the growing season are flower-eating weevils, aphids, moths and fruit moths. Control measures are the treatment of plants with pesticide preparations.
Peach White swan is recommended to be grown in the southern regions of Russia and in the Central lane. This plant with the fruits of the original color and harmonious sweet taste is able to decorate the site of any amateur gardener.
Gardeners who already grow the White Swan peach leave their comments about it.
Olga Kozinkova, 36 years old, Taganrog
The peach of this variety differs from many other varieties of culture in its unusual color, which became the decisive argument in favor of its choice. It has been growing for me for several years, and it bears fruit steadily every year. The fruits, as stated, are light, almost white, tasty and aromatic.
Maria Romanovna, 51 years old, Yeisk
The White Swan peach was planted for a reason - you needed a tree that was not capricious to care for, not afraid of either heat or cold. In general, it corresponds to its characteristics: it tolerates the oddities of the weather well, every year it yields fruits of excellent quality.