Juvel potatoes are grown commercially in the southern and southwestern regions with mild climatic conditions, mainly for the sale of early potatoes to the population in the northern regions. It is planted in late March or early April, and after 2 months (May-June) they are already digging out the harvest. Juvel variety cannot be stored for a long time, but completely removes the deficit of this product in places where potatoes ripen not earlier than September. Vegetable growers of northern latitudes, who are interested in growing early varieties of potatoes, also do not refuse this variety, because even in cool climates it ripens a month earlier than usual varieties.
Juvel Potatoes are a great product for a profitable business. In all its parameters, it deserves to take not the last place in trade: it has an excellent presentation, excellent taste, a high percentage of safety during transportation over long distances. We want to tell our readers in more detail about Juvel potatoes, describe its excellent (or not so) qualities, and reviews of vegetable growers who have already planted this potato variety will complement our story.
The main originator of the Juvel potato variety is Bavaria-Saat GbR, which unites several enterprises for the development of new potato varieties, but is not the legal patent holder. In 2003 the partnership “Bavaria-Saat Vertriebs GmbH” was founded within the company, which is engaged in, among other things, the sale of seed material in Germany and abroad. Thanks to the successful activities of the partnership, Juvel potatoes have become popular in Europe, as well as in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and many others.
The originator of the potato Juvel Renata Bettini (full name) declares the following characteristics of the variety:
- bushes - of medium height, dense, slightly prone to lodging, tubers are formed quickly, flowers are dark purple;
- tubers - have an oval or elongated-oval shape, the eyes are superficial, not buried, the peel is smooth, without roughness, the color is light yellow, the flesh inside is one tone lighter;
- disease resistance - to scab, late blight and rotting of tubers is good, to nematode - medium;
- yield - with early harvesting periods, you can get on average up to 400 centners of potatoes per hectare, with later dates (usual) - up to 750 centners / g;
- Juvel potatoes are non-crumbly, tasty, it contains from 10 to 13% starch, roots are even, mostly of the same size, the percentage of substandard tubers is insignificant.
Advice! When buying seed material for Juvel potatoes for the first time, pay attention to the presence of a Product Quality Certificate, which clearly indicates all information about the variety and its manufacturer (originator), otherwise you may get completely different potatoes that you decided to grow on your site.
Advantages and disadvantages
We have already noted the two main advantages of the Juvel variety above - high yield and early ripening:
- from one potato bush, you can get from 10 to 20 root crops; in potato-growing enterprises, at least 750 centners per hectare are obtained if all technological conditions of cultivation are fulfilled;
- early periods (growing season 50-65 days) are advantageous in that on fertile lands and in a warm climate, you can grow two potato crops per season in one area;
- Juvel potatoes have a wonderful presentation: smooth tubers of the same size with shallow, shallow eyes;
- during transportation, the tubers are well preserved, they are resistant to minor damage, the wounds dry quickly without becoming infected with a fungus that causes rotting.
The disadvantage for potato growers is that the Juvel variety is picky about soil moisture, it needs additional watering in a dry season, only by ensuring this requirement can you achieve significant yields, tubers stop growing in dry soil, which leads to weight loss.
Before planting potatoes, germination of tubers begins 20-30 days before planting, this will ensure their earlier germination in the soil and increase the yield, since during this procedure, other activities are simultaneously carried out:
- After storage, all seed potatoes are taken out of dark and cold cellars to lighter and warmer rooms.
- Tubers are sorted, removing damaged and non-viable ones.
- Disinfection of tubers is carried out in a solution of boric acid.
Juvel potatoes are planted in furrows 50-70 cm apart from each other, tubers are placed in the furrows every 25-30 cm.The planting depth is no more than 20 centimeters.
Juvel potatoes, in addition to additional watering (if necessary), do not require special conditions for growing, they are the same as for ordinary potato varieties.
Hilling and feeding
The main fertilizers that potatoes need for normal vegetation are applied in the fall or a month before planting: manure (preferably rotted), complex mineral fertilizers (phosphorus, potassium, magnesium) and a small amount of stimulants for the growth of tubers. After flowering, potato bushes are sprayed once with liquid dressings, these are the same fertilizers, only less concentrated.
The soil in the aisles and around the bushes must be loosened and hilled at least 2 times per season: once, as soon as the first few stems and leaves appear, again - after the end of flowering.
Diseases and pests
The preventive treatment of tubers before planting in the ground helps to successfully fight against diseases and pests of Juvel potatoes. The stores offer a wide variety of specialty chemicals used for these purposes.
Attention! The Juvel potato variety is very early, it manages to bloom and form rather large tubers even before the mass spread of diseases and pests of potatoes begins, so it is not afraid of such threats as the gluttonous larvae of the Colorado potato beetle or late blight, which affects tubers and bushes in July. August.
Collecting Juvel potatoes begins at the end of June, if the planting was carried out early (in April), but when planted at a later time, the tubers ripen and gain the required weight and size a month or two later. The harvesting of potatoes in June is beneficial for generating income from its sale when there is an off-season shortage of potatoes in the markets. A later harvest has the advantage of obtaining a fuller crop. In general, it turns out that harvesting is profitable both earlier and later.
One important fact should be taken into account, the tubers of Juvel potatoes lose their qualities during long storage, the longer it is stored, the higher the percentage of losses becomes. The originator claims only 94% out of 100 possible, and we think this figure is a little overestimated, the manufacturer will not underestimate the quality of its product.
Immediately before digging up the potatoes, the tops of the plants are mowed, burned or removed by hand if it is already dry enough and separates well from the roots. In summer cottages and small household plots, potatoes are dug up with shovels or pitchforks, but craftsmen are able to make simple devices with their own hands from improvised means that facilitate this tedious work. An example of such a device is shown by a vegetable grower in the attached video.
If you want early potatoes, feel free to plant the Juvel variety. You will not be disappointed with the results, we all know that German goods and products are of excellent quality. Start with a small plot, the cost of varietal potatoes is above average, but if you like it, you can always increase your planting stock by setting aside a few tubers for planting next season.
Maria, 37 years old, Saratov
I have a small plot of land for potatoes. I constantly plant only proven varieties, but once a neighbor gave me several Juvel tubers (she had extra ones after planting). The potato seemed very large to me, and I cut it into three parts, planted it in the soil fertilized since autumn at the end of April. After 5 days, the first shoots appeared, and after 3 weeks the bushes began to bloom. Once I managed to huddle her up, then this was no longer required. I tried to dig up the first potatoes in early June and was surprised that they were all medium in size, and they still had to grow and grow. The taste does not differ much from other varieties, but the early ripening of the tubers is surprising.