Carrots are a favorite vegetable for adults and children. Almost no dish is complete without brightly colored carrots. And juice is considered a storehouse of vitamins and, most importantly, a supplier of carotene. How to grow such a healthy root vegetable without too much expense? You need to decide on the planting date, choose a good variety and get acquainted with the nuances of agricultural technology. Carrots are divided into three groups according to the ripening period:
- early maturing;
- late ripening.
Mid-season carrots deserve special attention, varieties of which are sown in late spring or summer.
Such roots do not coarse, they are well stored and are suitable for winter use. Seeds are sown in late spring (May) - early summer (June) into moist soil. In dry weather, the soil will have to be moistened additionally.
When growing mid-season varieties, some features should be taken into account:
- Slow emergence. During this period, increased dryness of the air leads to the appearance of a crust on the soil surface and numerous weeds. Experienced gardeners mix carrot seeds with "lighthouse" crops. This is the name of the plants that will sprout very quickly and mark the rows. These include lettuce, radishes (in small quantities).
- Obligatory weeding and loosening of row spacings during seed germination. If the soil is loose, but there are a large number of weeds, then weeding is carried out. If a crust has formed, and there are few seedlings - careful loosening of the row spacings. This has a beneficial effect on the development of root crops. The first loosening is best done a week after the first shoots are seen (depth 6-8 cm), the second time - two weeks after the first.
- Thinning rows with thickened sowing.
Otherwise, the cultivation of mid-season varieties is similar to other types of carrots.
Choosing the best variety
Experienced gardeners try to select varieties that are ideal for the site. After all, the composition of the soil, climatic conditions, illumination can vary significantly. The variety of modern types allows you to easily determine the optimal one for each request. There is a medium carrot that is well stored, there is one that bears fruit well and does not bloom. Therefore, we will try to consider the most popular ones.
Another name is "Vitamin 6". Carrots are ready to harvest 90-100 days after germination. All mature roots are of a classic shape. For carrots, this is a cylinder, in this variety also with a blunt tip. They are almost completely immersed in the ground, reach a length of 15 cm and weigh an average of 160 g. They have a beautiful orange color, a small core and delicate flesh. The core takes up no more than 20% of the root crop diameter, it can be round or star-shaped.
Has excellent taste. These carrots are ideal for juicing and cooking, as well as canning. Benefits:
- high yield (up to 8 kg of vegetables per 1 sq. m);
- stalk resistance;
- almost not affected by rot.
The disadvantage is the tendency to cracking of root crops. But, with proper care, this can be completely avoided. The variety is very common, cold-resistant, suitable for sowing for the winter. In this case, it gives an earlier harvest.
Good reliable variety. The crop is harvested 110-120 days after the seeds sprout. Root crops are distinguished by their smoothness and even cone shape. They have a rich orange color, length up to 16 cm and weight about 350g. It gives an excellent harvest on all types of soils, even on heavy chernozems. The advantages of the variety are:
- increased carotene content;
- resistance to shooting and color;
- excellent taste and aroma of root vegetables;
- high productivity;
- good presentation and transportability;
- storage ability (withstands until midwinter).
Seeds are sown according to the 20x4 scheme and up to 2 cm deep. The Boltex variety is suitable for growing under cover and directly in the open field. Root vegetables are happy to be consumed by adults and children fresh, as well as used for processing and storage.
Selective variety of large carrots. Differs in high productivity and keeping quality. The variety was named for its high carotene content and nutritional value. It takes 130 days to harvest after sowing. The plant is distinguished by a medium-sized semi-erect rosette. Root crops protrude slightly above the soil, pull out well, which greatly facilitates harvesting.
The color of the roots is bright orange over the entire surface and core. In marketable ripeness, the length of the vegetable reaches 17 cm, diameter - 5 cm, weight - 210 g. The yield of the variety is high - up to 7.2 kg per 1 sq. M. m. Advantages:
- resistance to cracking and blooming;
- drought resistance;
- excellent taste.
Requires additional soil irrigation. Sowing in autumn increases yields.
A popular mid-season variety. Root vegetables are very good in any form - fresh, processed, canned. They are orange-red in color, cone-shaped, but with a blunt tip. They grow up to a mass of 200 g and a length of 20 cm. The pulp with a large core has a pleasant aroma, sweet taste, ideal juiciness.
Recommended for baby food. It is appreciated for its ability to long-term storage. Before sowing, it is advisable to treat the seeds with a growth stimulant, which will increase productivity and accelerate the ripening of root crops.
The usual ripening period is 120 days. The sowing depth of seeds is 3 cm, the scheme is classic - 20 x 4 cm. It grows well in illuminated areas of loose fertile soil.
Medium early selection variety. The crop is harvested already 85-100 days after the seeds sprout. Designed for outdoor cultivation and has high plasticity to growing conditions. Root crops are cylindrical with a slightly concave head.
During ripeness, it acquires a greenish or purple color. The core is round and small. The pulp is juicy and tender, sweet with a high carotene content. The yield is high - up to 6.5 kg / m². It is perfectly stored, during storage it is not affected by mold and rot. Carrots are valued for:
- high carotene content;
- preservation of taste in winter;
- high-quality presentation;
- excellent seed germination.
At the stage of technical ripeness, the roots protrude slightly above the ground. It is advisable to grow in an area with deep plowing. This allows you to get beautiful root vegetables. It is considered an excellent variety for its resistance to flowers and diseases.
A very common variety. It has good reviews for its stable high yield. Already after 100 days, the carrots are at the stage of technical ripeness. The shape of the root crops is conical with a blunt tip. The length of one carrot reaches 16 cm, weight - 175 g.
The root vegetable may have small filamentous lateral roots. The vegetable is completely submerged in the soil. The yield is good - up to 7 kg per 1 sq. It is well stored in winter for a long time. Recommended for outdoor cultivation in all climatic zones.
Differs in resistance to cold, therefore it is successfully grown in cold regions. The second unique property of this variety of carrots is the ability to long-term storage without loss of nutritional value and taste. The amount of carotene decreases very slightly even when boiling root crops.
It has an orange-red color and a small core. The weight of one carrot is 120 g, the length is 15 cm. The soil is completely submerged, the resistance to flowering is good, the yield is high (7.7 kg / m²). After 100-120 days, the roots are completely ready for harvesting. They are used both fresh and canned. Handles processing very well. Recommended for all types of sowing - spring and winter. Can be grown under a film cover and in the open field. The variety is demanding on the regularity of watering and good lighting. It is recommended to fertilize the soil before sowing.
Mid-season hybrid varieties
Recommended for outdoor cultivation. Ripening period - 115-130 days. Orange root crops of cylindrical shape, up to 20 cm long. The pulp is juicy, bright, with good taste. The mass of one carrot reaches 170g. Valued for:
- excellent storage capacity;
- high yield (up to 9 kg per 1 sq. m);
- disease resistance.
Can be used fresh and processed, suitable for canning. A peculiarity of the hybrid is its excellent storage capacity, which is very valuable for mid-season carrot varieties. Seeds are sown in March to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm according to a 20x4 cm scheme. Cucumbers, onions, early potatoes, tomatoes and cabbage are considered the best predecessors.
Mid-season hybrid with full submergence of roots in the soil. Has excellent taste and storage properties. Cylindrical carrots with a blunt tip. has a high content of carotene and dry matter. The mass of one vegetable reaches 170 g, the core is rounded orange.
Demanding for light, looseness and fertility of the soil. Sowing is carried out in rows with a distance of 15 cm to a depth of 1 cm. Seeds are sown in late April - early May. The crop is harvested in 100 - 110 days. The total yield is 7.5 kg per 1 sq. M. The hybrid is bred with medium resistance to gray and white rot, as well as to phomosis. A feature of the variety is cold resistance. Has excellent commercial qualities.
A hybrid with a high carotene content and excellent taste. Root crops practically without a core, have a cylindrical shape, intensely orange in color. The surface is smooth, the length of one vegetable reaches up to 22 cm. It is used fresh and is also suitable for storage, processing and canning. Due to its high nutrient content, it is recommended for baby food and visually impaired people.
It is considered a medium early variety for cultivation on personal plots and farms. Very good for early production and storage. It is used fresh in cooking and diet food, as well as for freezing and processing. Root crops are ready to harvest 90 days after germination. They have a good length - up to 25 cm, weight - 110 g, the type of root crop is a cylinder with a pointed tip. The taste of carrots is excellent. The variety is picky about soil fertility. Recommended to grow in high ridges. Productivity is stable - up to 6 kg / m². The peculiarity of the variety is the good evenness of the fruit.
A modern hybrid of mid-season carrots. A very high-yielding variety with large, even roots. One carrot reaches a size of 22 cm and a mass of 200 g. The core is small, bright orange, has the same color as the pulp. The roots are juicy, tasty, resistant to cracking, breaking off and disease.
The variety is very popular for its worthy qualities. It can also be grown to obtain beam products. In this case, it is necessary to start sowing from mid-April or carry out a sub-winter sowing at the end of October. If the carrots are intended for storage, then the deadline is postponed to the end of May. Sowing seeds is carried out immediately into the ground to a depth of no more than 1 cm with a row spacing of 25-30 cm.In order for the roots to reach their maximum size, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving at least 2 cm between the plants.
Mid-season carrot varieties are the most popular. They allow you to grow early products and are capable of long-term storage. You can regulate the appointment by the landing date. At the same time, these varieties are excellent for winter sowing. They can withstand low temperatures, seedlings appear in spring earlier than spring, and crops can be harvested in early summer.