Dill Salute is an annual crop of the Umbrella family. This plant with a strong spicy odor is a representative of the ancient species of Dill. Even the inhabitants of Central and Asia Minor, East India, Egypt grew it as a valuable spice and knew about the medicinal properties of this plant. Dill began to be cultivated in Russia and, over time, many varieties with good characteristics were obtained. Specialists of the All-Russian Research Institute of Selection and Seed Growing of Vegetable Crops in the mid-90s of the last century bred fragrant dill of the Salut variety. Its difference is in late flowering, and therefore in high productivity of green mass. The culture began to be used for cultivation on an industrial scale. Today, dill of the Salut variety is successfully grown both in greenhouses and in the open field.
Description of dill Salute
Description of dill variety Salute gives an idea of its benefits. It is a powerful shrub with dark green feathery leaves up to 16 cm long, closely spaced on the stem. From one outlet, from 10 to 30 pieces can grow. A single straight stem reaches one meter in height. After the onset of the flowering period, large umbrellas are formed at its top, with flat light brown seeds.
Greens are used fresh, but also retain their qualities when dried. Due to its unpretentiousness, dill of the Salut variety has a wide growing area. Its planting can be found in the garden plots of Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, Belarus.
Usually carry out the cultivation of dill Salute for greens. Like all representatives of late-ripening varieties, the plant has powerful rosettes with a large number of leaves, which means it has a high yield. It takes quite a long time to wait for ripening (about 2 months), but it completely pays off.
Important! A valuable feature of the Salut dill variety is the absence of shooting, which significantly lengthens the period of obtaining fresh deciduous mass.
Dill harvesting begins in June. From the moment of emergence to the formation of mature greenery, it usually takes from 45 to 66 days. After the first harvest, they wait for the dill sprigs to grow back to carry out the second harvest. Before the onset of the flowering period of the bushes, there may be four such visits. As a result, from one bush, from 100 to 200 g of juicy leaves with a pleasant, slightly tart aroma are cut off. From one square. m of plot (with good care and favorable weather conditions), up to 5 kg of greens of this dill variety are harvested over the summer.
The Salyut variety is a representative of the “new generation” bush dill. The breeders have made sure that the newly bred varieties have unique properties. One of them is high immunity. Dill of the Salute variety is adapted to any climatic conditions, easily tolerates weather changes, is not susceptible to diseases and attacks of garden pests. Presowing preparation and processing of its seeds helps to increase the stability of dill.
Advantages and disadvantages
The most valuable varietal trait of the variety was the long period of green mass development. The plant is capable of producing a rich harvest of greenery several times over the summer. After the next harvest, the leaves are actively growing again. During the long growing season, a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and useful essential oils accumulate in the green twigs. These qualities determine the main advantages of the variety:
- high yield, the ability to carry out several harvests of green mass of dill per season;
- disease and pest resistance;
- excellent taste and aroma;
- high medicinal properties of dill.
The culture also has some disadvantages, which are manifested more often in greenhouse breeding. With a dense planting, the plant develops worse, and its roots are prone to decay.
Dill of the Salut variety belongs to self-pollinating crops. Like all late-ripening varieties, it has two seeding periods:
- in May;
- at the end of August and September.
Harvesting start dates:
- in June - they begin to collect greens;
- at the end of August, it is time to collect umbrellas.
For growing dill Salute from seeds, neutral or slightly alkaline fertile soil is suitable. When choosing a planting site, you need to take into account that a sufficient amount of light and heat is needed for the growth of dill. The site should be located on the southern, sunny side, in a place where there is no close occurrence of groundwater. Celery or fennel growing nearby can cause over-pollination and loss of valuable varietal qualities of dill.
Before sowing, the soil is fed with any organic fertilizer. It can be manure (3.5 kg per sq. M), compost (5 kg per sq. M) or any complex fertilizer.
Before sowing, Salute dill seeds need special preparation. This will help improve their germination. Use one of the following methods:
- seeds are immersed in heated spring or melt water and left for a day to swell;
- incubated in ash infusion (2 tbsp. l. per liter of water) for two days;
- treated with growth stimulants (Humate, Zircon).
Sowing is carried out according to the following scheme:
- On the site, wide furrows are made with a depth of 2 cm (the distance between rows is 20 cm), they are well shed with water.
- Sowing is carried out in a continuous way. There should be about 30 seeds per running meter of the furrow.
- Sprinkle with soil on top. The seeds should be planted 2 cm deep in the soil.
The quality of the crop depends on proper, timely care. The procedures are standard:
- weeding and loosening;
For active growth of dill, the soil must have good water and air permeability. Roots need a significant amount of oxygen. In addition, their prolonged contact with stagnant moisture is unacceptable. To do this, after each watering, thoroughly loosening the soil and removing weeds is carried out.
Water the plantings as the soil dries up. Insufficient moisture causes wilting of leaves, and abundant moisture is a common cause of root rot.
Top dressing is usually carried out once, before sowing. But with the slow growth of the culture, it is re-fed. Carry out root application of manure (for 10 liters of water - half a liter of fertilizer) and urea (for 10 liters of water - 1 tsp.)
Diseases and pests
Under normal conditions, Salut dill is usually not susceptible to disease. The following situations can be risk factors:
- the dill is planted too densely;
- soil moisture is very high.
In such conditions, the plant can develop root rot, black leg, fungal diseases.
Of the garden pests, the most dangerous for dill Salute are the following:
- lineage bug;
- coriander seed;
It is not recommended to treat greens with insecticides. Disease prevention is carried out in a timely manner, and, if necessary, they try to do with folk remedies.
Important! The most effective preventive measure is crop rotation. The correct planting site and normal soil moisture are of great importance.
Dill Salute belongs to crops that do not require complex care. Therefore, even a novice gardener can safely start breeding a variety, observing the simplest rules of planting and care.
Dill varieties Salut fell in love with many gardeners, as evidenced by numerous reviews and photos. The thick greens are eaten immediately or canned for use in winter. To do this, the green twigs are finely chopped, laid out on baking sheets and dried in the oven or in the fresh air in the shade. You can salt the grass by spreading it in sterilized jars. The spice can be stored well in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
Love, 40 years old, Novosibirsk
I sowed dill Salute in May. Sparing no regrets, she poured seeds into the beds. I didn't hope for good germination, but they all sprouted, forming a thick carpet. She pulled for food, thinning at the same time, until a distance was formed between the bushes, which was optimal for comfortable growth. At the end of August, when it was no longer possible to find fresh greens in other beds, Salut continued to grow its juicy, green, fragrant leaves without stopping.
Igor, 38 years old, St. Petersburg
The first shoots of Salute dill appeared five days after planting, and lateral branches developed almost immediately. I noticed that you can cut the plant almost completely, leaving a low stump from which new shoots soon appear. The regrowth was very fast, and every weekend we harvested a new crop of dill, so one planting was enough for the whole summer. Greens have a strong pleasant aroma. There were no problems with diseases or pests. We are going to sow Salute every summer. Now it is our favorite variety of dill.