Among all legumes, beans have a special place. Experienced and novice farmers grow it in their gardens. There are a huge number of species of this plant, however, early varieties of bush beans are especially in demand. In turn, each of these varieties differs in pod length, bean weight and color, yield, and agronomic characteristics. So, in a wide variety of early bush beans, the best varieties can be distinguished, which for several years have been the sales leaders of seed companies, have earned many positive reviews from farmers and gardeners. Their detailed description and photos are given below in the article.
The varieties listed below were included in the top five according to the assessment of agricultural companies. They are characterized by an early ripening period, good yield and excellent taste, thanks to which they received a lot of good reviews from experienced gardeners.
Beans "Oil King" are asparagus, bush, they are distinguished by an early ripening period and high productivity. It is grown outdoors in temperate climates. With the onset of technical ripeness, the color of the seed chambers becomes golden yellow. Their length is a record for the culture - it reaches 20 cm, the diameter is small, only 1.5-2 cm. Each pod contains 4-10 beans. The mass of each grain is 5-5.5 g.
Important! Asparagus pods "Oil King" are not fibrous, they lack a parchment layer.
Seeds of bush beans of this asparagus variety are sown at the end of May to a depth of 4-5 cm. With this sowing schedule, harvesting will be scheduled for the end of July. The seeding scheme assumes the placement of 30-35 bushes per 1 m2 soil. Adult plants reach a height of 40 cm.The total crop yield exceeds 2 kg / m2.
Early ripe asparagus variety. Differs in disease resistance and high yield, which exceeds 2 kg / m2... Sugar product for universal use. Its beans are high in vitamin C and amino acids.
With the onset of technical maturation, the green pods acquire a light pink color. Their length is 9-12 cm, diameter varies from 1.5 to 2 cm. In each slightly curved pod, 4-10 beans are formed and ripen with an average weight of 5.1-5.5 grams. The cavity of the pods does not contain a parchment layer, fiber.
Saks 615 should be planted in May on open ground. Bushes are placed in the soil at the rate of 30-35 pcs per 1m2... Ripening of the crop occurs 50-60 days after sowing the grains. Plant height is 35-40 cm. 4-10 pods are formed in each bush of the bushes. The total yield of "Saks 615" exceeds 2 kg / m2.
Nagano is another great bush bean asparagus variety. The culture is characterized by an early ripening period of grains, which is only 45-50 days. This sugar variety is sown in mid-May on unprotected plots of land. For every 4-5 cm2 one grain should be placed in the soil. Beans "Nagano" are disease-resistant, unpretentious in cultivation.
Sugar culture, early ripening of fruits. Its pods are dark green in color. Their length is 11-13 cm, diameter 1.5-2 cm. Each pod contains 4-10 beans of white color, weighing 5.5 grams. The total yield of "Nagano" is small, only 1.2 kg / m2.
A wonderful sugar, early ripening variety. Bona's asparagus pods ripen amicably and early enough: when the crop is sown in May, the harvest can be carried out in July.
Bona bush beans. In its sinuses, it forms 3-10 pods. Their average length is 13.5 cm, and their color is green. Each pod contains at least 4 beans. The yield of the Bona variety is 1.4 kg / m2.
Important! Asparagus "Bona" has very delicate pods, which lack the parchment layer, as well as coarse fibers.
An excellent high-yielding variety that bears more than 2 kg / m3 of fruit2... Sugar beans, early ripening. Its harvest ripens very early, in about 45-48 days.
Inga pods are light green in color, about 10 cm long, 2 cm in diameter. In the pod cavity, from 4 to 10 white beans, weighing up to 5.5 grams, are formed and ripen. Asparagus beans do not contain a parchment layer, their pods are not fibrous, and are excellent for cooking, freezing and canning.
Beans "Inga" bush, dwarf. Its height is not more than 35 cm.The fruiting volume of the culture exceeds 2 kg / m2.
The above asparagus varieties have a universal purpose. Experienced farmers, professional farmers give their preference to them. Their yield is consistently high, and the taste is excellent. It is quite simple to grow such bush beans, for this it is necessary to sow the grains in a timely manner, and subsequently, as necessary, water, weed, and feed the crops.
On average, the volume of fruiting crops of various varieties is 1-1.5 kg / m2... However, there are types of bush beans, the yield of which can be called record high. These include:
Bushy asparagus beans with a medium ripening period. So, from the sowing of the grains to the onset of maturity of the beans, it takes about 55-58 days. In the axils of the plant, 18-25 pods are formed, which provides a high yield rate of up to 3.4 kg / m2... The dimensions of the seed chambers are average: length 12-15 cm, diameter 1 cm.
Beans "Nota" are very tasty and healthy. It contains a large number of proteins, various vitamins, amino acids. Asparagus is used boiled, stewed. To store it, you can use the canning or freezing method.
Bush beans "Fatima" are high-yielding, they are distinguished by excellent quality of grains. Sugar pods, very tender, suitable for widespread use in cooking and preparation of winter preserves.
At the stage of technical maturity, the pods are light green in color. Their length is 21 cm, diameter is 2-3 cm. 4-10 grains ripen in each pod.
Important! A feature of the Fatima variety are straight, leveled beans.
Fatima beans are grown outdoors, sowing one seed per 5 cm2 land. The height of the bushes is 45 cm. The period from sowing the seed to the ripening of the crop is 50 days. The yield of Fatima beans is 3.5 kg / m2.
These high yield varieties are excellent for growing in temperate climates. Such fruitful beans are not inferior in taste and quantity of nutrients, vitamins to other varieties of crops. However, it is worth remembering that a high yield can be obtained only if beans are grown on nutritious soil, as well as adherence to the irrigation regime, and timely weeding.
Other famous varieties
It is worth noting that there are many types of bush beans. All of them differ in agrotechnical characteristics, yield and color of pods and beans. So, white beans can be obtained by growing the following varieties:
Shrub plant, not exceeding 55 cm high. Sugar variety, early maturing, its pods are yellow. Their shape is slightly curved, length up to 14 cm, diameter less than 2 cm.The variety belongs to high-yielding, since from 1 m2 crops you can get 3 kg of beans.
The variety "Rosinka" is represented by dwarf, undersized bushes, up to 40 cm high. The ripening period of the culture is average in duration - 55-60 days. The pods of this beans are yellow, up to 11 cm long. The grains are white, especially large. Their weight is more than 6.5 grams, while the average weight of other types of beans is only 4.5-5 grams. However, the total crop yield is low - up to 1 kg / m2.
Early ripe bush beans. The height of its bushes does not exceed 45 cm. The seed chambers up to 14 cm long are painted bright yellow. Before the onset of technical ripeness, their pulp is tender and does not contain coarse elements, parchment layer. They can be boiled, stewed, steamed, preserved. The weight of the beans of this variety is average, about 5 grams, the color is white.
In addition to the above varieties, "Kharkovskaya belosemyanka D-45" and "Eureka" are popular. Their bushes are compact, miniature, up to 30 and 40 cm high, respectively. The length of the pods in these varieties is approximately equal, at the level of 14-15 cm.The yield of vegetable crops is 1.2-1.5 kg / m2.
Yellow beans can be obtained by choosing one of the following bush beans for growing:
Bush beans, the pods and seeds of which are yellow in color. Plants "Aida Gold" are undersized, up to 40 cm high. The volume of fruiting culture is average - 1.3 kg / m2... You can grow such beans in the open as well as in greenhouses. Depending on the cultivation conditions, the ripening period of the crop varies from 45 to 75 days.
Important! The Aida Gold variety is resistant to shedding and can be stored on a bush for a long time in a mature state.
In the green seed chambers, the photo of which can be seen above, there are delicious and nutritious yellow beans. They grow on small bushes, the height of which does not exceed 40 cm. Large pods, 14-16 cm long, ripen in 50-60 days. The fruits are used to prepare various dishes. The fruiting volume of this variety during the growing season is slightly less than 2 kg / m2.
Important! The Triumph Sugar variety is distinguished by its special juiciness.
In addition to the listed varieties, yellow beans bear fruit varieties such as "Nina 318", "Schedra" and some others.
The color range of beans is not limited to yellow and white beans. There are varieties whose grains are colored brown, purple or pink. You can get acquainted with such "colored beans" below.
Sugar, early ripe bush beans. Its pods up to 13 cm long are colored green, however, the grains are pink in color. Rant fruits are widely used in cooking. They are rich in nutrients and vitamins. The yield of the "Rant" variety is 1.3 kg / m2.
The "Darina" variety bears fruit of light brown beans with gray patches, however, the pods retain their green color until the onset of technical ripeness. Early ripening beans, sugar, are characterized by early ripening, which occurs 50-55 days after sowing the seeds into the ground. The length of the seed chambers reaches 12 cm, the diameter is up to 2 cm.The bushes of the plant do not exceed 50 cm in height.Their yield is 1.7 kg / m2.
Light brown beans also bear fruit varieties "Pation", "Serengeti" and some others. In general, among the bush varieties, you can choose beans of various colors, from white to black. By combining a variety of colors and shades, bean dishes can become real works of art.
Growing bush beans is easy enough. To do this, you can use the seedling cultivation method or sow the grains directly into the ground. Experienced farmers identify several ways of sowing bush plants, which you can learn about in the video:
In the process of growth, bush beans do not require a garter and installation of supports, which makes it easier to care for the plants. It is worth noting that undersized bush beans ripen much faster than climbing analogs, while the yield is not inferior to alternative varieties.