Tips and tricks

Earthen oil mushroom (Fuligo putrid): description and photo


The fungus Fuligo putrefactive is poisonous to humans. It is not recommended to eat it. Having found this representative of the mushroom kingdom on the territory of the site, you need to immediately get rid of it. All work is best done with gloves. The earth oil multiplies by the spores it scatters.

Where the putrid Fuligo grows

Usually grows in the spring-autumn season (from May to October) on the remains of dead plants, fallen leaves, in rotten stumps, in waterlogged areas. The development of putrefactive fuligo occurs both underground and on the surface of the soil.

What a putrid Fuligo slime mold looks like

Description of the mushroom Earthen oil (pictured) will help to timely identify on the site and get rid of it.

The mushroom itself is yellow, white or cream in color. The hat is missing. Outwardly, the structure vaguely resembles sea corals. Plasmodium can move at a speed of 5 mm / hour. This mushroom has different names in different countries. For example, in English-speaking countries you can find: "Slug Broken Eggs", "Slug Dog Vomit", "Sulphurous Flower", "Troll Oil" and so on. Putrid fuligo (fuligo septica) grows on the bark of trees that are harvested for tanning. Poles call it a frothy rash. You can also hear the name Ant Oil.

The appearance of the plasmodium is similar to a slimy consistency, which is a vegetative body

It feeds on bacteria, various spores and protozoa (prokaryotes). Crawls out to consecrated areas of soil or tree for reproduction. At the initial stage and during the breeding season, the mushroom Earthen Oil is frothy, very voluminous, resembles a piece of foam sponge with a surface in which there are cells, or dried semolina.
Does not have a pungent odor. The most common color is yellow (all light and dark shades). The white and cream types are rare.

In the process of development, it passes into sporulation, formed by a fertile body (ethalium), which looks like a flattened cake or pillow. Outside, the spores are covered with a cortex, which reliably protects them from adverse weather conditions.

The color of the cortex can range from ocher to pink. Under unfavorable conditions, Fuligo turns into a thickened mass (sclerotia), which can harden over time. This consistency exists for up to several years, and then again transforms into a plasmodium capable of movement.

It is believed that this slime mold is the most common. Its appearance can resemble Fuligo gray, which is very rare.

Fuligo gray is tinted whitish or gray

On the territory of Russia, it is found in Adygea and the Krasnodar Territory.
Scientists cannot definitively attribute this species to the kingdom of mushrooms. For most of its life, the slime mold moves around the territory, multiplies, feeds on organic dead plant residues. In rare cases, it turns into a colony covered with a hard cortex.

Attention! The researchers concluded that the cortex is thin, thick, or even absent.

Etaliae have the shape of a pillow, grow singly, the external color is white, yellow, rusty orange and purple. The hypothallus of earth oil is divided into 2 types: single-layer and multi-layer. Color: brown or colorless.

The total diameter of the plasmodium Fuligo putrefactive is 2-20 cm, the thickness reaches 3 cm. The spore powder is colored dark brown, the spores themselves have the shape of a ball, are distinguished by the presence of small thorns and small size.

Is it possible to eat a mushroom earth oil

Fuligo putrid is dangerous to humans. It should not be eaten, as it can be poisoned. If a person eats it, you need to immediately take the patient to the hospital for first aid.

How to deal with Fuligo the putrid

There is an effective way to deal with earth oil:

  1. The soil where the slime mold appeared must be treated with ammonia.
  2. After the hour has passed, sprinkle the area with red pepper.
  3. The mushroom mass is removed, and the place is treated with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate.

You can also treat the soil with a special solution that will prevent the fungus from living and multiplying in a certain area. It is better not to eat vegetables on which the slime mold lived or to cook, paying special attention to heat treatment.

Conclusion

The putrid fuligo can live for many years, remaining in a hardened form. When favorable conditions appear, the plasmodium is again transformed into a foamy consistency, begins to creep out to the consecrated areas and multiply. Putrid fuligo - Plasmodium, which does not belong to edible mushrooms, it does not benefit, but harm to humans. When an uninvited guest appears on the territory of the site, you urgently need to get rid of him. It is not recommended to touch it with bare hands in the forest.


Watch the video: How to Get Rid of Fuligo Septica (May 2021).