The benefits of porcini mushrooms can be very high. Fruit bodies not only taste good, but also contain a lot of valuable substances. In order for porcini mushrooms to go for the good of health, you need to know exactly how to use them.
The chemical composition of porcini mushrooms
Boletus, or white, is considered royal for a reason. First of all, amateurs appreciate it for its pleasant taste and high nutritional value. However, the boletus pulp also contains many valuable substances that give it significant benefits and make it a valuable product in the diet.
White boletus contains:
- vitamins of subgroup B - with the help of a small portion of boletus, you can almost completely cover the daily need for these compounds, vitamins in porcini mushrooms can successfully compensate for the absence of grains and by-products in the diet;
- vitamin C - ascorbic acid in boletus pulp increases their benefits for metabolism and immunity;
- vitamin PP - nicotinic acid helps to improve metabolic processes and protect the health of skin and hair;
- vitamin E - this compound is responsible for the processes of cellular renewal and for the health of the epidermis;
- polysaccharides and lecithin.
Also in the composition of white there are basic minerals - potassium and magnesium, calcium and phosphorus, sodium. Trace elements are represented by iron, zinc, cobalt, manganese and fluorine, contains the product and a small amount of iodine, copper and sulfur.
Important! The particular benefit of porcini mushrooms is the increased amount of amino acids in the product.
In terms of nutritional value, fruit bodies are not inferior to beef. Meals with boletus can be added to their diet by vegetarians who avoid the use of animal protein.
Nutritional value of porcini mushrooms
Proteins, fats and carbohydrates in porcini mushrooms are relatively evenly distributed. Predominantly boletus consists of proteins and fats - 3.7 and 1.7 g, respectively, in 100 g of fresh product. Another 1.1 g in the pulp is occupied by carbohydrates, 3.2 g is accounted for by dietary fiber. The nutrients of porcini mushrooms are supplemented with plenty of water - about 89 g per small serving.
Why porcini mushrooms are useful for humans
Due to their composition, porcini mushrooms in the diet bring considerable benefits to the human body. In particular, boletus:
- promote faster recovery after severe ailments and operations;
- help to build muscle mass and improve muscle tone, therefore, it is especially useful for athletes;
- improve the functioning of the digestive system and allow you to establish peristalsis;
- cleanse the body, helping to eliminate toxins and toxins;
- are beneficial for losing weight, since they stimulate metabolic processes and allow you to quickly get rid of body fat without losing muscle mass;
- improve brain function and concentration due to the high content of essential vitamins;
- help to strengthen blood vessels and thereby protect the cardiovascular system from the development of dangerous ailments;
- strengthen the immune system and make the body more resistant to viral infections and bacteria;
- help to quickly cope with any inflammation.
The benefits of porcini mushrooms with regular use are that they improve the condition of the skin, strengthen the hair and nail plates. Vitamins and minerals in the composition contribute to faster healing of the skin in case of damage.
The use of porcini mushrooms is recommended for oncology and for the prevention of malignant tumors. The benefit of mushroom pulp is to increase the body's resistance, and the product also prevents the development of neoplasms.
White mushroom useful in oncology
The harm of porcini mushrooms
Boletus is considered one of the safest mushrooms - if you follow the rules of use, they have only a beneficial effect on the body and bring benefits. However, even porcini mushrooms can be harmful under some conditions.
- Porcini mushrooms for food use must be environmentally friendly, grown in a forest remote from industrial facilities and highways. Any mushroom pulp absorbs toxic substances from the air, earth and rain very well. Accordingly, boletus from an unfavorable area is unlikely to benefit health even after careful processing, but they can damage it.
- It is recommended to eat only young, firm and fresh fruit bodies that are not eaten by insects. The older the fruiting body, the more potential harmful substances in its pulp, in addition, the caps and legs of mature boletus are not so elastic and pleasant to the taste.
- Despite the fact that porcini mushrooms are completely edible, it is not recommended to use them raw. Boletus requires preliminary boiling, it allows you to eliminate possible toxins that have accumulated in the pulp.
Useful properties and contraindications of porcini mushrooms also depend on the daily intake of the product. Since boletus mushrooms contain high amounts of fiber and chitin, which is not digested in the body, an excessive amount of fruiting bodies can provoke constipation, discomfort and abdominal pain. In general, it is recommended to eat no more than 150 g of the product per day. In such a volume, it will be completely safe for the body and will be beneficial.
Attention! A particular danger is a mistake when collecting fruit bodies - if you confuse boletus with a similar inedible species, this can lead to food poisoning. You can distinguish the porcini mushroom by the following sign - on the cut, its pulp does not turn blue and does not turn red, but remains white.
Is it possible for pregnant porcini mushrooms
Pregnant women need to pay special attention to their diet. During the period of bearing a child, doctors recommend refusing most mushroom dishes. However, the strict prohibition does not apply to the beneficial properties of porcini mushrooms - in small quantities boletus mushrooms are allowed for consumption and can bring health benefits.
However, at the same time, porcini mushrooms for pregnant women should be of exceptionally high quality. You cannot use boletus mushrooms purchased on the market from hands - no one can guarantee their one hundred percent safety and benefits. It is better to give preference to fruit bodies from a trusted store or self-collected in the forest. At the same time, pregnant women are advised to eat porcini mushrooms after boiling or frying, but salted and pickled boletus should in any case be discarded.
Porcini mushroom allowed for pregnant women
When the slightest discomfort appears after porcini mushrooms, it is necessary to remove boletus from the diet during pregnancy. Also, the product must be discarded if the species of fresh fruit bodies raises at least some doubts. Poisoning with mushroom pulp for a pregnant woman is very dangerous, as it can damage both herself and the fetus.
Medicinal properties of porcini mushrooms
Since porcini mushrooms, in the absence of contraindications, are very useful for the body, they are used in folk medicine to treat diseases. Medicines based on boletus help:
- with ischemic heart disease and thrombophlebitis;
- with weakened immunity;
- for colds and infectious diseases;
- in case of disruptions in digestion and metabolism;
- with inflammatory processes in the body;
- with sore joints - medicines based on medicinal porcini mushrooms relieve inflammation and improve mobility.
It is recommended to use porcini mushrooms with benefit for the prevention of oncology or as maintenance therapy after radical treatment. Before that, it is advisable to consult with your doctor. In addition, boletus can only act as an adjunct in the treatment of oncology.
In folk medicine, predominantly alcoholic tincture of fresh or dried porcini mushrooms is used. The fact is that during heat treatment, some of the beneficial compounds in the pulp are inevitably destroyed, respectively, the medicinal value of the product becomes lower. But a strong infusion on fresh or dried pulp retains all the beneficial substances, but it is necessary to use a tincture of porcini mushrooms in very small dosages.
In an alcohol-based, the beneficial properties of the porcini mushroom are fully revealed
With a cold
A tincture on the dried pulp of porcini mushrooms has a good effect on colds. They do it like this:
- 2 large spoons of dried raw materials pour 200 ml of vodka;
- clog the vessel and put it in a dark place for a week;
- when the tincture is completely ready, it is filtered and stored in the refrigerator.
In order for the benefits of dried porcini mushrooms to manifest themselves, you need to take the product twice a day, 1 small spoon, in total no longer than 10 days. Before use, the tincture must be diluted with water.
For joint pain
Tincture of porcini mushrooms treats manifestations of rheumatism and arthritis. In this case, the agent is used externally - a small piece of gauze is moistened in the tincture and applied with a compress to the sore spot. Wrap it on top with a warm cloth, and you need to keep it for about an hour.
For heart ailments
For angina pectoris and other cardiovascular diseases, it is recommended to take the crushed white mushroom pulp in its raw form. You need to consume it 1 large spoonful on an empty stomach three times a day, the whole treatment takes 2 weeks.
Borovik for medicinal purposes in this case is taken without preliminary treatment. Therefore, it is especially important to ensure that the product is fresh and safe before using it.
In the treatment of oncological diseases and as their prevention, it is also recommended to use tincture on the pulp of porcini mushroom. They prepare it like this:
- 100 g of chopped pulp is placed in a glass vessel;
- raw materials are poured with 500 ml of high-quality vodka;
- for 2 weeks, the workpiece is removed to a dark and dry place for infusion.
After the expiration date, the tincture must be filtered through cheesecloth and squeezed thoroughly. They take the medicine three times a day on an empty stomach - in the morning and in the afternoon you need to dilute 1 small spoonful of the product in a glass of water, and shortly before dinner, increase the dosage to 1 large spoon. Ceps against cancer should be consumed for 1 month, after that they take a break for a week and, if necessary, repeat the treatment.
In oncology, mushroom tincture can be beneficial when used in doses.
To strengthen the immune system and raise the tone
Reviews of the treatment with porcini mushrooms recommend using them to increase tone and for the prevention of colds. The drug is prepared in the classical way - 100 g of crushed raw materials are poured into 500 ml of vodka and insisted for 2 weeks in a dark place.
It is necessary to use the tincture to raise the tone twice a day before eating. A small spoonful of the remedy is diluted in a glass of water and drunk for 10 days in a row, and after that they take a week break and, if necessary, repeat the course.
To strengthen hair
Cep is beneficial in the treatment of hair and scalp. If your hair falls out too much, you can prepare this remedy:
- chop the dried boletus pulp in the amount of 1 small spoon;
- mix with a similar amount of olive oil;
- apply gruel to the strands and rub into the area at the roots.
If you repeat the procedure twice a week and keep the mask on your hair for at least 15 minutes, then in a month the benefits will be noticeable. Hair will be strengthened and the scalp will be healthier.
The use of porcini mushrooms in cooking
The benefits and harms of porcini mushrooms for the body are used not only in medicine, but also in cooking boletus mushrooms are highly valued for their excellent taste. They are used by:
- for frying with onions and vegetables, as a side dish for potatoes, porridge or pasta;
- for pickling and salting - such methods allow you to preserve delicious porcini mushrooms for the whole winter;
- to be added to salads and soups in boiled form - porcini mushrooms give an original taste and additional nutritional value to hot and cold dishes;
- as a filling for pies and pies - pastries with mushroom pulp are very appetizing and satisfying.
Porcini mushrooms are often found on vegetarian and lean tables. Due to the high content of proteins and amino acids, boletus mushrooms can serve as a full-fledged substitute for meat, which further increases their culinary benefits.
It should be noted that porcini mushrooms are pre-boiled before any heat treatment. It is recommended to do this 3 times in a row, each time you need to cook boletus for 15 minutes, draining the water and changing it to clean. Boiling allows you to remove most of the potential harmful substances from the mushroom pulp.
A decoction of porcini mushrooms is not recommended for use in food, substances toxic to the body may remain in it
Also porcini mushrooms can be dried, in this case they do not need to be boiled, the fruiting bodies are simply cleaned of forest debris. Dried boletus can be added to soups and main dishes, and they are also used to prepare medicines according to home medicine recipes.
Contraindications to the use of porcini mushrooms
For all its high benefits, a valuable porcini mushroom can harm the human body. The boletus has contraindications, which include:
- allergy to mushroom pulp and any substances present in the composition;
- slow digestion - since boletus mushrooms contain many protein compounds, they are absorbed rather slowly and difficult;
- a tendency to constipation - a mushroom product in the diet can provoke a deterioration.
It is not recommended to offer porcini mushrooms to children under the age of 12; porcini mushrooms will be too heavy for their digestion. Fruiting bodies should be used with caution during pregnancy, and during breastfeeding it is better to remove them from the diet, otherwise the baby may experience colic and indigestion.
Pickled and salted fruit bodies are not recommended for food with exacerbation of chronic diseases of the stomach, kidneys and pancreas. This product contains too much salt and hot spices. Therefore, mushroom preparations for stomach ulcers, pancreatitis, exacerbation of gastritis and other ailments will not be beneficial, but can worsen the condition.
Fruit bodies can be added to the diet if there are no contraindications.
How many calories are in porcini mushrooms
Despite the high nutritional value, porcini mushrooms remain a fairly low-calorie product. On average, the calorie content of porcini mushrooms per 100 grams is only 30 kcal
Advice! Due to this, it is possible to use boletus, including when losing weight as part of the diet. Porcini mushrooms will not harm the figure, but they will help get rid of fat deposits, while maintaining healthy muscle mass.
The health benefits of porcini mushrooms are undeniable - they have a positive effect on the body both for culinary and medical use. But when using boletus, it is important to observe moderate dosages of the product. In excess, even healthy mushroom pulp can have negative effects.