Cucumber Marabulka is a new generation hybrid adapted to the weather conditions in Russia. After experimental cultivation, in 2008 the variety was added to the list of the State Register. The owner and supplier of seeds is the agricultural firm "Gavrish".
Detailed description of the variety
Cucumber Red mullet belongs to the indeterminate type, without limitation of height reaches 2.5 m. The culture is early ripening, the fruits ripen in 45 days. Cucumbers of this variety do not form a large number of stepchildren, the plant is open, which allows unhindered harvesting. The variety is cultivated depending on the climatic characteristics of the region: in the open field (OG) and in a protected area.
The cucumber is characterized by parthenocarp, forming only female flowers. This varietal feature is the guarantor of a stable harvest. The Red mullet hybrid does not need pollinators, ovaries are formed on each flower, all greens grow to biological ripeness.
External description of the Marabulka cucumbers shown in the photo:
- The main stem is of medium volume, densely pubescent, with a ribbed surface, the structure is rigid, flexible, gray-green in color. Lateral shoots are slender, with a high level of formation.
- The foliage of the bush is dense, the leaves are large, fixed on long petioles. The surface is uneven, finely studded, with dark green veins. The edges are wavy, the shape of the leaf plate is heart-shaped.
- Cucumber root Red mullet, powerful, highly branched, located close to the surface, the root circle is about 60 cm.
- The variety blooms with yellow flowers located in the leaf node.
Attention! Cucumber variety Red mullet F1 does not contain GMOs, it is allowed to be consumed in unlimited quantities.
Description of fruits
The fruits of the Marabulka variety have the same shape and weight. If it is not possible to harvest on time, the Cucumber Red mullet f1 does not age: overripe fruits do not thicken and do not turn yellow. The taste remains unchanged, there is no acid.
- greens have the shape of an oblong cylinder, average length 12 cm, weight 100 g;
- the surface is light green with dense, fine tuberosity, provided with short spines;
- the peel of the cucumber is thin, durable, tolerates mechanical stress and heat treatment well. The surface is glossy, the plaque is insignificant;
- the pulp is juicy, dense, beige in color, there are no voids, the seed chambers are filled with small rudiments;
- the taste is sweet, acidity and bitterness are absent, the aroma is poorly expressed.
According to vegetable growers, the Red mullet f1 cucumbers are stored for 5 days, do not lose weight and presentation, and tolerate transportation well. The variety was created for mass cultivation and use in the food industry.
This variety is ideal for conservation. The culture is popular among amateur vegetable growers. Cucumbers grown on the site are consumed fresh, processed for winter harvesting. Pickled fruits are firm, crunchy, without emptiness in the pulp.
Characteristics of red mullet cucumbers
Cucumber of the Barabulka variety was created for cultivation throughout the entire territory of the Russian Federation, therefore, during hybridization, the originators put the emphasis on the frost resistance of the plant. In the zone of risky farming, the variety is grown in heated greenhouses. In temperate climates, a covering method is used, in the South it is open. At the initial stage of the growing season, the cucumber tolerates a decrease in temperature to +6 0C, in warm regions in the spring, the culture is not covered with film.
The drought resistance of the Barabulka variety is average; without timely irrigation, cucumbers slow down the growing season. The ovaries turn yellow and fall off. For the root system, excess moisture is undesirable, root decay and the spread of fungal diseases are possible. The variety tolerates heat well, can grow in an area open to the sun or in partial shade. In greenhouses, no additional lighting is required for photosynthesis.
Marabulka cucumbers are an early ripe culture. From the moment the young shoots appear until the ripeness of the zelents, it takes 40–45 days. Fruiting in the hybrid is long, the crop is harvested in several stages. Ripening of zelents takes place in the first decade of June. The last collection takes place at the beginning of September. Dates are individual in each climatic zone.
The variety is self-pollinated, gives a high yield. If the variety is planted in a greenhouse, about 7 kg of fruit are removed from each plant, the indicator is lower on the exhaust gas and is about 6 kg. Cucumber bushes are arranged in 3 by 1 m2, average yield from 1 m2 - 20 kg. The level of fruiting is influenced by drafts, moisture deficit and non-observance of agricultural techniques. Variety Red mullet is grown only in a trellis method; contact of the ovaries with the ground should not be allowed.
Important! In order for the Marabulka cucumbers to bear fruit well, the plant is watered throughout the growing season.
Pest and disease resistance
The red mullet cucumber variety has a fairly stable immunity. On cucumbers, peronosporosis, leaf mosaic, powdery mildew are not observed. If the greenhouse is not ventilated and the humidity is high and the temperature is low, anthracnose may develop.
To combat fungal infection, the bushes are treated with colloidal sulfur, in the spring for prevention - with copper sulfate. In greenhouses, insects on cucumbers do not parasitize. The whitefly caterpillar is found in the exhaust gas. Pests are collected by hand, in case of a large accumulation they are treated with the "Commander".
Pros and cons of the variety
In choosing a variety for planting on a personal plot, preference is given to the Marabulka cucumber, which has a number of advantages:
- high yield, not dependent on weather conditions;
- the versatility of the fruit. Due to their elasticity and small size, greens are ideal for conservation;
- frost resistance, shade tolerance;
- long shelf life;
- resistance to mechanical damage during transportation;
- balanced taste;
- early ripening and long-term fruiting;
- resistance to infections.
The disadvantage of the Marabulka variety is that the hybrid does not give planting material.
According to vegetable growers, the red mullet cucumber variety is grown using seedlings and planting seeds directly on the garden bed. If the task of cultivating a crop is to obtain an early harvest, seedlings are preliminarily grown. Then place it on the site. This method works well for greenhouses. In DG, cucumbers are grown by seeds.
Seedlings of red mullet cucumbers grow rapidly. Young shoots are planted in a greenhouse after 3 leaves are formed on the stem. It takes 25 days from the moment of planting the seeds to planting the plant. Cucumbers are planted on the site if the ground warms up to +14 0 C. Sowing of seeds is roughly the beginning of April. The seedlings are transferred to an open area in mid-May. Planting seeds in the greenhouse is carried out in early May, in an unprotected area, 14 days later.
Site selection and preparation of beds
The site is chosen open to the sun, temporary shading is allowed. A prerequisite is that the soil must be well-drained, close-lying groundwater is not suitable for the variety. Cucumbers do not react well to the north wind, so they take protective measures against drafts.
In the fall, the site is dug up. If the soil is acidic, add lime or dolomite flour. Weeds are removed, manure and ammonium nitrate are added. In the spring, the bed is loosened, re-fertilized with organic matter.
How to plant correctly
Cucumbers do not tolerate transplanting well, so the seeds for seedlings are planted in peat glasses. In order not to injure the root, the seedlings are placed on the site together with the container. The deepening is made 5 centimeters more than the peat glass, the seedling is poured to the lower leaves. 1 m2 place 3 seedlings. For seeds, a hole is made 3.5 cm deep. The planting scheme is the same for the exhaust gas and the closed area. Row spacing - 45 cm, distance between bushes - 35 cm.
Follow-up care for cucumbers
Red mullet cucumbers are grown in a traditional way for culture:
- In the greenhouse, watering is moderate, after 2 days in the evening, it is best to use the drip method. The exhaust gas is guided by weather conditions.
- Top dressing with ammonium nitrate is carried out at the beginning of the growing season, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are applied after the greens begin to form.
- Loosening of the top layer of soil and weeding are mandatory procedures, carried out as needed.
The Red mullet variety is grown only in a trellis method. During the growing season, the cucumber is fixed to the support, at the height of the trellis, the crown is broken. They form a bush with one shoot, stepchildren are removed as they appear, yellowed and excess leaves are cut off.
Cucumber Red mullet is a new generation indeterminate hybrid. A self-pollinated plant gives a stable, high yield. The variety was bred for the food industry. Cultivate a culture of protected and open methods. The fruits are characterized by a balanced taste and light aroma, and are versatile in use.
Reviews about red mullet cucumbers
Sofia Tkachenko, 48 years old, Krasnoyarsk
I always keep track of new items on the seed market, I am interested in reviews and photos, so the red mullet cucumber variety appeared in my greenhouse. It is an unpretentious plant with a good yield. Zelentsy are even, small, easy to pickle. The taste is good both for fresh cucumbers and for pickled ones. The pulp is firm, firm with a pleasant crunch. Cucumbers conquered me, it's bad that you can't collect the seeds yourself.
Ivan Stupakov, 60 years old, Krasnodar region
The red mullet accidentally learned about the variety of cucumbers from friends. I got seeds, planted it in a seedless way right on the garden bed. Germination rate is 100%, the culture went into growth quickly, the bushes never hurt, the variety gives few shoots, constant pruning is not required. I got a good harvest, I removed 10 kg of zelents from one plant. The red mullet began to bear fruit in June, the collection ended in September. The fruits are delicious and crispy.