Along with hybrid tea varieties, floribunda roses are by far the most popular. They are easy to care for, have high frost resistance and resistance to typical diseases of roses, moreover, for the most part, they bloom without interruption almost until frost. Today our article is devoted to the description of floribunda rose varieties. Photos will help you better navigate the variety of their varieties and possibly choose a favorite for your garden.
General information about floribunda roses
This group of roses has gained immense popularity due to its abundant, almost continuous flowering. They are fully consistent with their name, because floribunda literally translated from Latin means "abundantly flowering".
Floribunda roses and their characteristics
The floribunda group includes many varieties, its flowers occupy an intermediate position between hybrid tea roses and polyanthus roses.
By height, the bushes are divided into three subgroups:
- low (curb) - bushes reach a height of about 40 cm;
- medium height - from 0.6 m to 0.8 m;
- high - from 100 cm and above.
Perhaps no other group has such a variety of colors, and clearly surpasses other groups in brightness. Flowers of floribunda roses are simple, double, semi-double with cupped, flat, goblet glasses, collected in multi-flowered or few-flowered inflorescences. Their usual size ranges from 4 to 9 cm.
Most varieties bloom continuously or in three waves. Bright flowers open in carpal inflorescences several at a time, and most varieties of floribunda roses bloom either continuously or have three waves of flowering.
It should be added that these flowers have excellent winter hardiness, resistance to rain and diseases, moreover, for the most part, they can reproduce by cuttings.
In different countries you can find different names of flowers of this group, they are even called simply "bouquet roses" or "bush roses with inflorescences." They are widely used to decorate private gardens, parks, landscaping areas near large office buildings. They are planted in large pots, and the best floribunda roses are used as cut flowers.
The history of floribunda roses
At the beginning of the last century, the family of Danish breeders Poulsen crossed polyanthus roses and hybrid tea, as a result of which in 1924 the first hybrid-polyanthine variety "Else Poulsen" appeared. From the polyanthus, this flower took the carpal inflorescences and good health, and from the hybrid teas - the graceful shape and large size of the glass.
Later, with repeated multiple crosses of hybrid-polyanthus roses with hybrid tea and other garden varieties, breeders in Denmark, Germany, Great Britain and the United States obtained many varieties that needed to be combined into a separate group. So, in 1952, a group of floribunda roses appeared, which included hybrid-polyanthus varieties.
Although the floribunda group has existed not so long ago, a group of patio roses has already been isolated from it, which includes many, but not all, low-growing varieties with a height of about 50 cm. Varieties with creeping or drooping shoots are allocated to the group of ground cover roses. Plants with small flowers and long, up to 2.5 m shoots have moved to the group of climbing roses. Recently, we increasingly hear the name "grandiflora" - this is how floribunda roses are called today, which have especially large flowers. This group has not yet been officially recognized, but the history of roses continues, who knows what changes await us tomorrow.
Which roses are better than hybrid tea or floribunda
Everyone will answer this question differently. Floribunda roses are undoubtedly inferior to hybrid tea varieties in elegance and bud size, most of them do not have their magical aroma. But they do not bloom in waves, but almost continuously until frost, the beauty of the glass is compensated by the abundance of buds, sometimes completely covering the bush, and even if they are not so exquisite in the floribunda, they are collected in huge brushes, sometimes consisting of dozens of buds.
Most hybrid tea varieties of roses are capricious, require careful care, which determines the quality of the flower, and sometimes even the intensity of the aroma. Almost all varieties do not go beyond the sixth climatic zone; for the northern regions, their choice is very limited. The resistance to typical diseases of roses leaves much to be desired, not to mention the vulnerability of buds to getting wet.
Floribunda is easier to care for, it rarely gets sick, the buds can withstand rainy weather. And most importantly, these roses are frost-hardy, which means that they winter well with proper shelter.
If you live in the southern regions and a qualified gardener does all the work for the owners, then it is the hybrid tea rose that is the best solution for your site. But for people living in an unfriendly cold climate and who want not to bend their backs in flower beds, but to enjoy the beauty of flowers in their rare free moments, floribunda roses will become reliable companions.
Believe me, both groups of roses are beautiful, each has its own special charm. The choice of varieties for the site requires an approach to the issue not only from an aesthetic, but also from a purely practical point of view.
Description of floribunda rose varieties
We invite you to get acquainted with the popular varieties of floribunda roses. Photos will help to form an impression of their appearance.
White will be appropriate for any garden, and there are not so many beautiful roses with this color.
Brushes, consisting of 3-5 large, about 10 cm in diameter, creamy white buds abundantly cover the bush throughout the season. They contrast with the glossy dark foliage reaching 0.9 m of branches. The rose is intended for the sixth zone, characterized by medium resistance to typical diseases of roses, low - to rain.
Cup-shaped densely double buds of creamy white color are resistant to rain, have a subtle smell. Flowers constantly appear on a large, healthy bush up to 1.2 m in height, which winters well in the sixth zone.
Perhaps no other group of roses has so many beautiful varieties of yellow.
This rose was named the best in 1984. The brushes contain 3-7 or more buds 7-8 cm in size of saturated amber color. The cultivar blooms almost continuously, the first bud to open is the largest, with a medium-bodied aroma. The bushes are beautiful, no more than 1.0 m high, with dark shiny, very large leaves. Possesses high resistance to diseases, grows in the sixth zone.
The straight bush, approximately 0.9 m high, is intended for cultivation in zone six, has good resistance to rain and disease. Flowering is constant, abundant. Large flowers of golden yellow color are collected in 3-5, have a light aroma.
Orange and apricot varieties
Orange improves our mood and instills optimism even on the most dull cloudy days. Take a closer look, perhaps your future pet is among these flowers.
A characteristic feature of the variety is the late blooming of the buds. After the rest of the varieties have already completed the first wave of flowering, this rose is just coming into force. Its bright apricot flowers, with a faint aroma, are collected in inflorescences of 6-20, they are not afraid of rain or disease, and are excellent for cutting. Bushes winter in the sixth zone and can reach from 1 to 1.5 m.
Magnificent shining orange-apricot flowers with a weak aroma are quite large for a floribunda, up to 10 cm in diameter, grouped in 5-7 pieces. A constantly flowering shrub up to 1 meter in height has erect shoots and excellent health. It is grown in zone six and would be ideal, but the buds are prone to getting wet from rain.
It is this color that we associate with a real rose. Delicate pink buds, collected with large tassels, look spectacular and always attract the eye.
City of London
A scrub from the floribunda group capable of reaching 0.9-2.0 m in height, and extending 0.7-1.5 m in width is intended for zones six and has an average health. Medium double, re-blooming flowers up to 8 cm in size are painted in pale pink. This robust rose is perfect for hedges and single plantings.
A very popular pink variety with a flat glass and slightly wavy petals has a diameter of about 7 cm. Flowers are collected in 5-15 pieces. The medium-sized bush blooms again, grows up to 0.7 m, medium resistance, intended for wintering in the sixth zone.
True red is a rarity in the flower world, but not in floribunda roses.
A reliable, disease- and rain-resistant blooming variety. A spreading plant up to 0.85 cm high, all covered with bright red flowers with a diameter of no more than 8 cm, collected in clusters containing 5-10 buds.
Blood-red fragrant buds, collected in 3-15 pieces from the beginning of summer until the very frost, cover a small neat bush. It usually grows up to 50 cm, but with good care it rises to 0.8 m. A plant with good health, suitable for zone five. The variety has a climbing form.
You won't surprise anyone with exoticism today, so striped flowers have become familiar to us.
Orange and Lamon
Lovers of striped varieties may like the bright lemon flower with irregular orange stripes. The brush consists of 3-7 flowers up to 8 cm with a low odor and high resistance to rain. In zone six it can reach 1.0-1.5 m, and the hot climate allows the lashes to easily reach 2.0 m. The bush blooms again, almost without interruption, and is moderately resistant to diseases.
A compact bush with straight shoots up to 1.0 m long, covered with flowers for almost the entire season, grows in the sixth zone. Its large flowers, up to 9 cm, have not only an original color, but also the shape of a glass. The color is a mixture of white, purple, pink with a predominance of purple. This rose will appeal even to those who are not a fan of striped varieties and would be ideal if it were not for its low resistance to adverse factors.
The most frost-resistant varieties
We think that rose lovers from the northern regions will pay special attention to this subgroup. Floribunda varieties can please them too.
Salmon-pink flowers with a faint smell, 8 cm in size, are collected in large inflorescences. They bloom again, differing in average resistance to disease and soaking. The spreading bush does not exceed a height of 0.9 cm and is remarkable for the fact that it grows well in the fourth zone.
This zone 5 re-flowering variety is very popular in Northern Europe and the UK. Large, up to 10 cm in diameter, fragrant flowers of a pale yellow color have the only drawback - they quickly fade to lemon or cream. A tall, up to 1.0 m straight shrub with hard stems is moderately resistant to diseases.
A neat, straight bush with dark, dense foliage, designed to grow in the fifth zone and is resistant to typical diseases of roses. Delicate pink constantly blooming flowers have a high resistance to rain, a diameter of 8 cm and a strong scent of a tea rose.
Medium-sized red flowers are collected in clusters of 3-11 pieces; as they age, they do not fade, but darken. Medium-sized bushes up to 0.75 m high are intended for the fifth zone and have a high resistance to rain and disease. Blooms until frost.
This variety is one of the most popular and beautiful, sometimes it is referred to as hybrid tea. It grows well and blooms in cold climates, in hot countries, the buds are kept on it all year round. When closed, they can have a pink or greenish tint, but when fully opened, they are pure white, loose brushes contain from 3 to 15 buds. Their diameter does not exceed 7 cm, the height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, and their resistance to rain and disease is average.
This semi-double rose is intended for the fourth zone, and its resistance figures are considered outstanding. The color of the glass is defined as "pink mixture", the fragrant flower reaches 9 cm in diameter. The straight bush grows up to 0.9 m and blooms in two waves.
As you can see, the floribunda group of roses is plentiful, and its variety is simply impressive. In addition, there are many varieties that can be grown even in harsh climates.