Cherry Morel is one of the oldest and most popular cherry varieties among gardeners with many varieties. Cherry Morel on the site has a lot of advantages, but you should carefully read its features and growing rules.
Description of Morel cherries
Cherry Morel is considered one of the oldest - it was bred in the 18th century in Holland, from where it came to Russia. In the twentieth century, breeders worked hard on the variety and bred several modern subspecies of the plant.
The description of the Morel cherry variety largely depends on the specific variety. But usually the plant is a tree up to 2 m tall with a wide spreading crown and dense foliage. Cherry branches are covered with ash-gray bark, young shoots are brownish with a slight silvery tinge. Cherry leaves are medium, up to 7 cm in length, flowers are small, up to 3 cm in diameter, bloom in inflorescences of 4 flowers each.
Morel is a delicious cherry variety for the Central Region
Important! It is recommended to grow Morel cherry in all its varieties in the Central region and in Primorye. Although the frost resistance of the variety is quite high, it can hardly endure the harsh northern conditions.
Varieties of Morel cherries
There are several subspecies of the variety that are especially popular with gardeners:
- Tray. The black cherry variety Morel is distinguished by its late fruiting, it bears maroon, almost black berries. The Tray is grown mainly for processing; its fruits are best suited for jams and desserts.
- Bryansk. The very popular Moreli variety is distinguished by its especially large dark red fruits with juicy pulp. Cherry variety Morel Bryanskaya differs not only in dessert taste, but also in good keeping quality, therefore it is especially loved by gardeners who grow cherries for sale.
- Blackcork. The description of the Amorel black cherry variety says that Chernokorka bears dark sweet fruits suitable for making jams, tinctures and compotes. Chernokorka is distinguished by good taste, but it cannot bear fruit without pollinators, which reduces the value of the species.
- Amorel Early. The Amorel pink cherry bears large fruits with a sweet and sour taste and is highly resistant to pests and fungal diseases. The tree is one of the tallest among the Moreli subspecies and can reach 4 m. The southern regions are optimal for growing the species.
- Jade. The Morel cherry type bears dark red fruits with a sweet and sour taste and belongs to the dessert category. Although the taste of Nefris is highly appreciated by gardeners, it is quite difficult to grow this plant - cherry does not tolerate cold weather and is susceptible to many fungal ailments.
Among the variety of Morel subspecies, it is easy to choose a tree that ideally meets the wishes and climatic conditions.
Height and dimensions of an adult tree
The height of the cherry, as well as its shape, is determined by the specific variety. Most often, Morel is a low tree up to 2 m tall with a spreading dense leafy crown about 2 m in diameter. Some Moreli species grow up to 3-4 m in height, in particular, Amorel Early.
Description of fruits
The weight and taste of Moreli fruits are also determined by the type of a particular tree:
- The popular Morel Bryanskaya bears fruit with large dark ruby fruits with a thin skin, the mass of individual berries reaches 3 g. The flesh of the fruits is firm and juicy, the taste is sweet with a slight sourness, dessert. The fruit tasting score is high and on average is equal to 5 points.
- Pink Amorel bears flat-rounded berries, covered with bright red skin, weighing about 3 g each. The flesh of pink cherries is creamy, with yellow veins, juicy and soft, sour-sweet, and the sweetness prevails slightly. The tasting score is on average 4.4 points.
- Black cherry Morel Lotovka bears fruit with large, dark red to almost black fruits weighing up to 4.5 g. The flesh of the berries is dark red and juicy, the taste is sweet with a slight sour aftertaste. The tasting score of the fruit is 4.6 points.
Morel cherry fruits are characterized by the fact that they do not fall off the branches for a long time, so you can take your time with their collection during the fruiting period. The bright sun usually does not harm cherry berries, if the plant is healthy, then the fruits are not baked in the sun.
The yield of the variety depends on the quality of pollination and compliance with the rules of cultivation.
Pollinators for Morel cherries
Cherry Morel is considered partially self-fertile - most of its varieties, including Bryansk, are capable of creating ovaries without pollinators. However, it must be remembered that the harvest in the absence of pollinators will be small - no more than 50% of the possible volume. Therefore, it is recommended to plant plants with similar flowering times in the area near Morel. For example, the description of the cherry variety Morel Bryanskaya suggests using Chernokorka and Lotovka as pollinators, as well as pink Amorel.
Cherry blossoms occur in April and May, on average, the variety is considered medium early.
Before planting cherries on your site, you need to familiarize yourself with its main characteristics. Morel is popular for its good yields and high hardiness.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
Morel tolerates short-term droughts well - a temporary lack of moisture does not affect the quality of flowering and fruiting. An excess of moisture is more dangerous for cherries, in which case it can suffer from fungal ailments or rot.
Reviews about the black cherry Amorel characterize it as a fairly frost-resistant plant that can withstand temperatures up to - 35 ° C. Morel may feel uncomfortable in the Siberian winter, but it tolerates cold snaps in the Central region very well.
The cherry tree tolerates the cold quite well.
Morel is considered a fast-growing variety; for the first time, fruits from a cherry tree can be harvested within 3 years after planting on the site. The berries ripen by mid-July, while up to 10 kg of fruits can be harvested from one tree.
Productivity is determined by the quality of pollination and compliance with the rules for caring for cherries. If Lotovka, Amorel early or other varieties grow in the garden next to Bryansk, then the plant bears fruit abundantly. If there are no pollinators, and the conditions for watering and fertilizing are not met, then the tree gives only 50-60% of the maximum yield.
Transportability and keeping quality of Moreli fruits depend on the type of plant. So, Bryanskaya black cherry tolerates transportation well and retains its presentation for a long time. Pink Amorel is stored less, so it is usually used for home purposes.
The area of application of Morel cherry fruits is universal. Berries can be eaten fresh, or you can make compotes and sweet desserts from them, roll up jams for the winter and prepare fruit drinks and juices.
Advantages and disadvantages
Reviews about Morel Bryanskaya cherry note that it has the following advantages:
- high yield while observing simple growing rules;
- early maturity, allowing you to get fruits in the third or fourth year;
- versatility of berries;
- the ability to partial self-pollination;
- general unpretentiousness of the plant;
- resistance to cold and most fungal diseases.
High yield is one of the advantages of Moreli
The disadvantages of Moreli can be considered the low transportability of certain varieties, for example, pink cherry. Some subspecies of the variety are sensitive to frost and are only suitable for cultivation in the southern regions.
To successfully grow the Amorel cherry variety in your country house, you need to properly root the seedling in the ground. It's easy to do - the planting and care requirements for the variety are standard.
It is best to plant Morel in the country in early spring, before the buds begin to bloom on the trees. In this case, it will take root better and faster than with an autumn planting.
Site selection and soil preparation
Morel prefers well-ventilated loose soils - sandy loam or loamy. On heavy soils, the tree grows worse, and it is also impossible to allow groundwater to pass in the immediate vicinity.
It is best to plant cherries in the west or southwest corner of the garden, in an area with good lighting. Before planting for Moreli, dig a hole about 50 cm deep and fill it halfway with soil mixed with humus, mineral fertilizers and 2 kg of wood ash.
How to plant correctly
Immediately before planting, it is recommended to hold the cherry seedling in water for a couple of hours so that the roots are saturated with moisture. After that, the plant is carefully lowered into the prepared hole and covered with earth to the end.
You need to plant the plant in early spring before the beginning of the growing season.
To keep the cherry growing straight, it can be tied to a support. After planting, the seedling is watered abundantly, having previously formed a small earthen shaft in the near-stem circle, it will help to retain moisture. It is also recommended to mulch the trunk circle immediately with sawdust or hay.
Attention! The root collar should remain above ground level when planting.
When growing a variety, it is enough to follow the basic rules of care. They consist in timely feeding, tree cutting and insulation for the winter.
Watering and feeding schedule
Cherry Morel belongs to drought-resistant species, so it needs to be watered infrequently, about 3 times a year. For the first time, watering is carried out during the flowering period, the second - during the formation of fruits. The last time the tree needs to be watered abundantly in the fall after leaf fall, in order to saturate the soil with moisture for the winter. If the summer is very hot, then the frequency of watering can be increased, but in general Morel tolerates the lack of moisture well.
As for fertilizing, Moreli's fertilizer requirements are standard:
- In the spring, the tree is fed with urea or ammonium nitrate with a nitrogen content, they do this immediately after flowering, and then after another 2 weeks.
- In summer, you can fertilize cherries with phosphorus and potassium, they will contribute to a good harvest and strengthen Moreli's health.
- In the fall, the plant is fertilized with organic matter - humus or compost. Also in the fall, you can once again add a little potassium or superphosphate to the soil, which will strengthen the cold resistance of the plant.
You can feed Morel in the fall when digging the soil or during warming for the winter. Organic fertilizers can serve as mulch that protects the tree from freezing.
The plant is usually fertilized three times a year.
A formative haircut for Morel cherries is rarely required; as the plant thickens, old branches must be removed in the spring, gradually replacing them with new shoots.
A sanitary cut for the plant is carried out annually in the fall. The procedure includes the removal of all dry and diseased branches, it is also recommended to shorten the fruiting shoots by a third - this allows you to improve the yield.
Preparing for winter
Although Morel belongs to the cold-resistant cherry varieties, it is recommended to insulate the cherries with the onset of autumn. In preparation for winter, it is necessary to dig up the soil under the trunk of the plant by 8-15 cm and insulate the roots with mulch with a layer of about 10 cm.
Advice! Young trees for the winter can be wrapped in light-colored non-woven material around the trunk. Adult Morel cherries are whitened before the onset of winter - this protects the trunk not only from rodents, but also from the cold.
Diseases and pests
The description of the Morel black cherry variety says that the plant is quite resistant to most fungal ailments, but it is affected by coccomycosis and moniliosis. In the first case, the leaves of the plant are covered with small dark dots and fall off, in the second, the whole cherry begins to dry and looks as if burnt.
To protect against ailments, Morel needs to be treated annually in spring and autumn with copper sulfate, Bordeaux liquid and popular fungicidal preparations. To protect against aphids, cherry flies, weevils and other insects, popular insecticides are used - Karbofos, Iskra, Aktar and others.
Cherry Morel is a rather unpretentious fruit plant that produces both black and pink berries with a dessert flavor. The characteristics of the variety and its subspecies make it possible to grow cherries in many regions of Russia.
Vasiliev Boris Petrovich, 62 years old, Ivanovo
Morel Bryanskaya is my favorite at my summer cottage. I planted a tree 9 years ago, since then I have been enjoying large sweet fruits every year. There is little trouble with cherries, it tolerates winter well, it does not need frequent watering.
Stepanova Olga Ivanovna, 48 years old, Volgograd
About 6 years ago I planted a pink Amorel in my country house and since then I can't get enough of the berries. Cherries are very tasty, with a pleasant refreshing sourness, fruit well. In cold winters, the wood has to be properly insulated, but the harvests are definitely worth the effort.