Tips and tricks

Black currant Shadrich: description, characteristics, planting and care


Shadrich's black currant is a Russian variety characterized by high winter hardiness, sweet and large berries. The culture is unpretentious, grows well in the climatic conditions of Western and Eastern Siberia and other regions. Leaving does not require much effort, so even novice gardeners can plant the bushes.

Breeding history

Shadrich's black currant is a variety of Russian selection, obtained by A.I. Degtyareva, V.N. Skoropudov and A.A. Potapenko on the basis of the zonal gardening station (Novosibirsk). The varieties Bredthorp and Agrolesovskaya participated in the crossing.

The application for registration was filed in 1992. The variety was included in the register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation in 1997. Shadrikha's currant was approved for cultivation in Western and Eastern Siberia.

Description of the black currant variety Shadrich

The bush is medium-sized (120–150 cm high), moderately spreading. Shoots of medium thickness, straight, strong, young branches are gray-green, the surface is dull, over time the bark becomes grayish.

Shadrich's black currant leaves are five-lobed, large in size, dark green in color. The surface is shiny, wrinkled. The notches are small, the apex is blunt. The blade is bent, the lateral veins are perpendicular to each other. The teeth are short, obtuse. A notch of medium size is visible at the base of the leaf. The basal lobes overlap.

The main characteristics of Shadrich currant berries:

  • large size (weight from 1.6 to 4.3 g);
  • the color is black;
  • the surface is shiny;
  • the skin is thick, strong;
  • separation is dry;
  • the taste is balanced, sweet.

The chemical composition of the pulp:

  • the share of dry matter - 12.2%;
  • sugar in total - 9.9%;
  • acids - no more than 0.8%;
  • vitamin C content - 130 mg per 100 g;
  • the amount of pectin substances - up to 2.2%.

Sugar prevails in the composition of Shadrich currant berries, therefore sweetness is expressed in the taste

Characteristics

Shadrich currant was bred specifically for the climatic conditions of Western and Eastern Siberia. The culture is resistant to unfavorable weather, tolerates frost well, and is unpretentious in care.

Drought tolerance, winter hardiness

Shadrich's black currant has high winter hardiness: it can withstand up to -40 ° C (zone 3).

In hot weather, it is recommended to give water at least once a week. This will ensure a stable yield and good taste for the berries.

Pollination, flowering period and ripening times

Shadrich's black currant belongs to self-fertile varieties. It does not require the proximity of other specimens and pollinators (bees, butterflies and other insects). A variety of medium ripening. Flowering begins in the second half of June. The main fruiting wave occurs in late July and early August.

Productivity and fruiting

In the description of the Shadrich blackcurrant variety, it is indicated that an average of 2.5 kg, a maximum of 2.8 kg of delicious berries can be harvested from one bush. In industrial cultivation, it is possible to harvest up to 9.3 tons of berries per hectare. Fruits for universal use - suitable for fresh consumption and in preparations:

  • jam;
  • jam;
  • fruit drink;
  • berries, grated with sugar or frozen.

Disease and pest resistance

Shadrich's black currant is resistant to powdery mildew. But in unfavorable seasons, bushes can suffer from hazel, septoria and kidney mites. Therefore, in April, one-time treatment with fungicides should be carried out: "Quadris", "Hom", "Fundazol", "Tattu", "Fitosporin", Bordeaux liquid.

Folk remedies cope well with insects:

  • infusion of wood ash with laundry soap, cloves and greens of garlic;
  • decoction of marigolds, potato tops, yarrow greens;
  • solution of baking soda, ammonia.

If necessary, Shadrich's black currant bushes are recommended to be treated with insecticides - "Decis", "Aktara", "Karbofos", "Confidor", "Vertimek", "Fitoverm" and others.

Attention! Processing is carried out in the evening, in dry and calm weather.

After applying chemicals, you must wait a few days before harvesting.

Advantages and disadvantages

Shadrich's black currant is one of the best varieties for Siberia. It tolerates even severe frosts well, does not require special care conditions. At the same time, it produces very sweet berries, 2.5–2.7 kg per bush.

Shadrich's black currant does not need pollinators to be planted on the site

Pros:

  • fruits are large;
  • the taste is sweet, pleasant;
  • good keeping quality;
  • transportability;
  • powdery mildew resistance;
  • very high winter hardiness;
  • fast ripening times.

Minuses:

  • sprawling bush;
  • can be affected by septoria, kidney mites and hazel grouses.

Features of planting and care

Shadrich blackcurrant seedlings are purchased from trusted suppliers. They should be 30–35 cm high, with healthy roots and leaves (without any spots). It is advisable to plan planting in late September - early October, but this can be done in the first decade of April.

The soil for planting should be fertile and loose - preferably light loam with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction (pH from 7.0 to 8.0). The place should be:

  • completely open to sunlight;
  • protected from the wind (for example, along a fence);
  • without stagnation of moisture (preferably on a small hill).

In spring or summer, the plot is dug up and 3-5 kg ​​of compost or humus or 30-40 g of complex mineral fertilizer per 1 m2 are applied. In clay soils, 500 g of sawdust or sand are embedded. A month before planting, several holes are formed 50–60 cm deep at a distance of 1.5 m. A layer of small stones is laid on the bottom, and fertile soil is poured on top.

Shadrich blackcurrant seedlings must be strong and healthy

Before planting, the bushes are kept for several hours in "Kornevin" or "Epin", after which they are planted at an angle of 45 degrees, deepening the root collar by 5–8 cm. The earth is tamped a little, 2 buckets of settled water are poured out. For the winter, plantings are mulched with leaf litter, sawdust, hay or other material.

Caring for the Shadrikha black currant is not very difficult. Basic Rules:

  1. Watering young seedlings regularly - in a bucket 2 times a week. Adult bushes are given 20 liters twice a month. In drought, water should be watered weekly. In the heat in the evening, sprinkling of the crown is mandatory.
  2. Top dressing is applied in the second year. Every spring they give urea - 20 g per bush. During the flowering period, a complex fertilizer is applied (30–40 g). At the same time, you can give boric acid - 3 g per 10 liters of water. During the formation of berries, watered with infusion of mullein or cut grass.
  3. Since Shadrich's blackcurrant bushes are spreading, they must be tied to wooden supports.
  4. After abundant watering or rain, the soil is loosened.
  5. Weeds are removed as needed. A layer of mulch - peat, dry grass, sawdust and other materials will help drown them.
  6. It is advisable to dig up young seedlings for the winter and cover them with burlap or spruce branches.
  7. Pruning is carried out every spring, removing all damaged and weakened branches. To form a healthy bush in the first years of life, you need to leave up to 15 strong shoots, and remove the remaining branches (in the fall).
  8. To protect Shadrich's black currant from rodents, a metal mesh is fixed around the trunk in the spring. You can also lay out rubber sheets on the site. This smell scares off moles.

Conclusion

Shadrich's black currant is one of the most suitable varieties for Siberia. Ripens quite quickly, while the berries are not only large, but also sweet. The peel of the fruit is strong, which makes it possible to store them in the refrigerator for several weeks, as well as transport them over any distance.

Reviews with a photo about the Shadrich blackcurrant variety

Maria Pavlovna, 56 years old, Sergiev Posad

Shadrich's black currant is a Siberian variety, but it even got into the middle lane. I was attracted by the fact that the berries are sweet, as they say in the reviews. I tried to grow it - I liked everything, really sugar berries. But the yield is 2.5 kg per bush. Suitable for home use, it can be recommended.

Tatiana, 49 years old, Tomsk

Shadrikh currant is a good variety bred especially for Siberia. Bushes love water. If you do not water, then the berries become smaller. The fruits are tasty: large, sweet, fragrant, with a forest aroma. When planting, it is necessary to maintain a distance of 1.5 m, since the bushes are spreading. Haircuts in the first 2 years should be done in spring and autumn.


Watch the video: All About Growing Currants: Harvest u0026 Growing Tips (May 2021).