Strawberry lovers who grow their own berries can confidently say that there are some operations that create difficulties for them. For example, removing a mustache. Strawberries form new plants on their creeping stems. Therefore, many strive to grow mustardless strawberries, saving gardeners from the tedious thinning of the ridges. There are varieties that do not throw away shoots. They are called - varieties of beardless strawberries.
It is also worth dwelling on the concept of remontant strawberries. The common one bears fruit no more than once a year, and the remontant can lay fruit buds on light days of varying duration. Mustless strawberries have been growing for many years in the same area. The only negative is that the bushes reduce yields due to rapid thickening. That is why varieties of beardless remontant strawberries require planting of bushes once every 4 years. Flowering and fruiting lasts from June to mid-September. The aroma and taste of the berries is very similar to wild strawberries, but the yield of the garden representative is much higher. Among its species there are large-fruited and small-fruited varieties, but all are in great demand.
What else attracts gardeners with mustache-free remontant strawberries:
- With strict adherence to agrotechnical measures, a third harvest of delicious berries is possible.
- The absence of a mustache allows you to grow varieties of remontant strawberries in a limited area, without allocating a lot of space. This is very beneficial for small suburban areas.
- It is very easy to weed strawberry beds.
- The number of inflorescences on varieties of beardless strawberries is many times higher than their number in ordinary species.
- More resistant to disease.
- The strength of the fruits is much higher, so their transportability attracts farmers.
- Frost resistance makes it possible to grow the best varieties of mustardless strawberries, even in regions with a cool climate.
The nuances of growing beardless strawberries
Having listed all the benefits of remontant, mustache-free strawberries, we can notice that they lack the usual method of propagation. Therefore, such varieties are grown by sowing seeds. The method is quite laborious at home. The seeds are small and require careful care when grown.
Typically, gardeners propagate beardless strawberries by dividing the bush.
This method is proven and reliable. But for varietal breeding, sowing of seeds is also needed. Experienced gardeners take on this difficult but worthy job.
How to grow barnyard strawberry varieties from seeds
First, about the soil. The beardless strawberry beauty loves sandy loam and loam, but the seeds will still gratefully respond to the presence of humus. You can take ready-made soil for seedlings. Important! Be sure to read the composition of the soil and its acidity.
There are special mixtures for growing strawberries, they contain sand.
To distribute small seeds evenly in the ground, they are also mixed with dry sand.
Then the planting container is filled with soil and watered.
The seeds are sown on the surface, trying to distribute them evenly.
The container is covered with a film, as if creating a mini-greenhouse. This is necessary to create optimal conditions for seeds to germinate. These treatments are best done in late March or early April.
As soon as shoots appear, the greenhouse is periodically opened for ventilation.
At the age of three true leaves, small seedlings dive.
Caring for dived seedlings consists of moderate watering, hardening, loosening, and removing weeds. Beerless strawberry seedlings are mulched to retain moisture. The hardening time is increased gradually so that the seedlings "get used" to the temperature of the open beds.
As soon as six leaves grow on the seedlings, it's time to go to the garden.
Preparing the ground, marking the rows and planting new residents in the open space.
Important! We observe crop rotation.
Mustacheless strawberries don't like soil after eggplants, potatoes, and tomatoes. Grows well after carrots or onions.
Plants are placed on the site according to the rules. We maintain the width of the ridges 1.2 m, and leave 30 cm between the bushes.
When planting, we enrich the soil with ash, superphosphate (1 tbsp. L) or ready-made mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions). We try to keep the roots from touching the fertilizer.
The procedure is carried out at a time when the active sun does not affect the plants - in the evening or in the morning. When the bushes are planted, it is time to care for the mustacheless strawberries.
Now you need to ensure that:
- the soil did not dry out - we water and mulch on time;
- feeding was carried out on time - we draw up a schedule, but we monitor the condition of the plants;
- we carry out prophylaxis against the invasion of pests and the usual diseases of mustache strawberries
After a week, which we give the bushes for adaptation, young leaves appear. In autumn, a young bush of beardless strawberries will give the first fruits, so that you can judge the quality of the selected variety.
During this period of life, remontant strawberries require removal of the leaves two months after their appearance.
We monitor the condition of the soil, apply the required types of fertilizers, water, introduce modern technologies for growing strawberries without a mustache and get a good high-quality harvest.
What are the best varieties of mustardless remontant strawberries that experienced gardeners recommend growing? What are the main criteria for choosing a culture?
Choosing the best types of remontant, beardless strawberries
What are the best varieties? What varieties of mustache-free garden strawberries should you focus on? The main criteria are:
- high varietal qualities;
- long-term fruiting;
- taste and aroma of berries;
- ability to transport;
- the ability to resist parasites and diseases;
- endurance and undemandingness to growing conditions;
- the ability to grow on soils with different compositions.
Consider the most popular types of garden strawberries.
Large-fruited and, of course, remontant beardless. Belongs to early ripening varieties. The bushes are lush, beautiful, spreading with long peduncles. This makes it possible to grow the variety in high ridges and get clean berries. One mustardless berry weighs about 23 grams, has a cone shape and has a sweet and sour taste. It is considered a berry with stable yields. Suitable for fresh treats, in the form of blanks and freezing. The only drawback is that it is weakly resistant to strawberry mites. But drought tolerance and ability to withstand diseases are decent. Recommended for regions with different climatic characteristics. A popular type of beardless strawberry in summer cottages.
Among lovers of beardless garden strawberries, this variety is called imperial. Varietal quality of strawberries at the highest level. Begins to bear fruit early, at the end of spring it is already possible to pick beautiful large berries with a pleasant taste. During the season, the taste changes. By September, it is not so thin, the strawberries are preparing for the winter vacation. The same bushes have not been grown for more than three years. Since the variety does not reproduce with a mustache, you need to take care of the planting material in advance. Either you buy seedlings, or you plant the best bushes, or you collect and sow the seeds yourself. Grows well in any soil. It attracts many gardeners by the fact that it is possible to observe crop rotation in areas with different types of soil.
A variety of beardless garden strawberries with luxurious bushes. The dark green foliage with a slight sheen makes it very attractive. Straight peduncles are considered an advantage of the variety without a mustache. The harvest is always removed clean, because the berries do not reach the ground. It is drought-resistant, which is convenient with a tight work schedule, but it is afraid of frost. If in your region a cool climate and frosts are the usual manifestations of the weather, then you will have to cover the plantings. In the south, you can safely do without additional shelter. Strawberries "Albion" are large-fruited, musty-free varieties with bright red berries. It is convenient to transport them due to their high density.
It is considered a high-yielding species.
Gardeners know firsthand about the Bolero beardless strawberry. A variety with excellent characteristics bred by English breeders. Among the advantages of "Bolero" are:
- compactness of the bush, its small size;
- high resistance to unstable climate manifestations;
- stability of taste characteristics in hot weather;
- perfectly resists fungal diseases and the development of mold;
- stable fruiting for 5 years.
The large-fruited variety and the taste of the berries made it a favorite in many summer cottages.
The Dutch mustacheless variety is in great demand. Refers to neutral day types. Flower buds "Vima Rina" lays regardless of the length of daylight hours, and even the break between fruiting is only three weeks.
The bushes of this strawberry are large, the buds are located at the level of the leaves.
Important! The cultivar can develop a small amount of whiskers in cool weather.
In case of prolonged heat, this does not threaten gardeners, but the Vima Rina strawberry is distinguished by good drought resistance. She will perfectly survive even the lack of watering (temporary!).
Renovated strawberries donated to gardeners by Czech breeders. Attractive in many qualities:
- withstands heavy rainfall (drained soil is required);
- almost not affected by gray rot (observe planting density);
- perfectly tolerates shade, so summer residents plant the variety in an orchard under the crowns of trees;
- elevation of berries above the ground;
- aroma and wonderful taste of fruits;
- undemanding to watering.
Of course, if you do not water "Ruyana", then next year the yield of the beardless beauty will decrease.
Strawberry without a mustache got its name for a reason. Many summer residents consider it a miracle of nature. Very beautiful cone-shaped berries of light yellow color give the strawberries originality and decorativeness. Landings perfectly decorate the site.
The taste does not lag behind - the berry resembles a pineapple. In addition to the attractive look, mustacheless strawberries:
- does not react sharply to the hot sun;
- does not reduce productivity when irrigation is disturbed, tolerates moderate drought.
A large-fruited species of remontant garden strawberry without a mustache. Genetically has the ability to flowering and fruiting continuously. This process does not depend on the length of daylight hours, so the yield of the variety is very high. The plant is very hardy and productive. A small number of bushes on the site are enough to feast on delicious berries all summer. Strawberry "Garland" has a pleasant smell, excellent taste and dense texture of berries. This makes it possible to transport the crop without fear of injuring the musty strawberry. Large-fruited remains until the end of fruiting, the berries do not become smaller and do not lose their taste. Another advantage is long peduncles. Harvesting is easy, there is no need to protect the fruit from dirt. Feels great on ridges and trellises, so you can grow this variety of strawberries in a container and hanging pots.
There are so many varieties of beardless strawberries that it will not be difficult to choose the type to your liking. There are varieties for dry climates and wet climates for different types of soil. In addition, you can choose a variety by:
- ripening period;
- the size of the berries;
- taste, color and aroma;
- difficulties in leaving;
- yield indicators;
- resistance to diseases and pests.
This opportunity is very much appreciated by gardeners in troubled regions. Choose whiskerless strawberries according to your preferences and you will definitely be satisfied with your choice.