Tips and tricks

Pepper varieties for open ground


Previously, among gardeners, it was believed that it is almost impossible to grow tasty, ripe bell pepper outdoors in domestic climatic latitudes. They say that this requires certain temperature regimes, which in summer do not always pamper us. However, thanks to the work of breeders, this opinion is currently erroneous. There are many new varieties of bell peppers for outdoor use, adapted to modest summer temperatures.

5 most popular varieties

Modern selection includes more than 800 types of sweet peppers that can be successfully grown in the middle climatic zone. Almost half of them are intended for open field cultivation. At the same time, among the total mass of varieties, there are sales leaders who are especially popular with farmers and gardeners. They received their fame because of their high yield, excellent taste, unpretentious care and other advantages. Analyzing the varieties proposed by manufacturers, you can make a kind of rating: 5 of the most popular varieties of pepper for open ground.

Gift from Moldova

Perhaps the most popular pepper variety. Attracts gardeners with the appearance of the vegetable, adaptability to any climatic conditions and soils, the ability to bear fruit abundantly.

The bush of the plant is relatively low - up to 50 cm. Its deep red fruits have a conical shape. The plant has a medium early ripening period, gives off the first ripe fruits 130 days after the seed is sown. The length of the pepper does not exceed 10 cm, its average weight is at the level of 110 g. The pulp is sweet, juicy, rather thick (5 mm), the skin is thin. The yield of the variety is approximately 5 kg / m2.

Important! In difficult climatic conditions, for example, in Siberia, the variety must be grown by the seedling method so that the crop can ripen in time.

Ivanhoe

Sweet peppers for open ground. The color of the vegetable can be creamy white or red. In addition to excellent taste, the advantage of the variety is the early ripening period of the fruit - 115 days.

The cone-shaped fruit weighs on average 100-120 g. The inner cavity of the pepper has 2-3 septa.

Plant height up to 70 cm.Differs in high yield up to 7 kg / m2 and resistance to cold, some diseases.

Lumina (Belozerka)

Pepper seeds of this variety are recommended to be sown on seedlings in March. Considering the period of fruit ripening (120 days), the harvest in this case can be obtained from July to August.

The plant is rather low - up to 50 cm, however, bears fruit abundantly. Its yield is approximately 8 kg / m2... The culture is not picky about soil and growing conditions.

The pepper is tapered with 2-3 edges. The thickness of its wall is 5 cm. The flesh of the vegetable is nutritious, juicy, sweet. The skin is cream colored. The average weight of bell pepper is 120 g.

Bogatyr

The pepper variety of Moldavian selection is recognized as one of the best. Its fruits are green and red in color.

There are 2-4 cameras inside. The mass of one sweet pepper is approximately equal to 160-170 g. The peppers ripen in 120 days after sowing the seed.

Shrub up to 60 cm high, yields a yield of 7 kg / m2... A feature of the variety is the possibility of a long storage period for the vegetable - up to 2 months.

Winnie the Pooh

A representative of a low-growing variety with an early ripening period (105 days). The height of the bush does not exceed 30 cm, the yield is 5 kg / m2... Fruit weight 50-70 g. The color of the pepper is red, the pulp is juicy, the shape is conical. The culture was bred by Moldavian breeders. The virtue of culture is disease resistance.

The listed varieties of pepper are considered the best in relation to other analogues. Their palatability is high, and the yield is excellent. They are great for outdoor areas, even in relatively harsh climates. Suitable for the climate of Siberia.

Varieties for harsh climates

Russia is so large that its territory covers several climatic latitudes. Of course, conditions for farmers in the north and south of the country differ significantly. That is why breeders have developed a number of unpretentious varieties specifically for the conditions of Siberia. Such bell peppers do not require a long light period and high summer temperatures with high humidity to ripen. The varieties listed below are unpretentious to the composition of the soil, grow successfully in open ground and can delight even novice gardeners with a good harvest in Siberian conditions.

Firstborn of Siberia

The variety is early maturing, resistant to a number of diseases. From the day of sowing the seed to the first harvest, a little more than 115 days pass. To get a harvest in early summer, bell pepper seeds can be sown for seedlings already in February-March. Seedlings at the age of 55 days need transplanting. The variety is undersized, the plant height does not exceed 45 cm.However, the yield of the variety is amazing - up to 12 kg / m2... Due to the high yield of fruits, it is considered one of the best.

Also noteworthy is the amazing taste of sweet pepper for open ground. Its wall thickness is large - up to 10 mm. The pulp itself is very juicy, tender. The shape of the fruit is pyramidal, its length is up to 9 cm, weight is about 70 g. Bell pepper of this variety has a light yellow or red color.

Novosibirsk

This variety of bell pepper is represented by a tall plant up to 1 meter. Single bright red peppers are abundantly formed on it. The crop yield is low - up to 4 kg / m2... The first vegetables ripen within 100 days after sowing the seed. For cultivation, it is recommended to use the seedling method. The culture was bred by breeders of Siberia.

Sweet pepper, weighing up to 60 g. Fruit wall thickness is 6 mm.

Siberian

Large sweet peppers of this variety weigh up to 150 g. In shape, they resemble a cube. They have excellent taste. The pulp is sweet, juicy, thick. The skin is thin. The vegetable is suitable for cooking and winter preparations.

The plant is up to 60 cm high. It pleases with the first fruits 115 days after sowing the seed for seedlings. The yield reaches 7 kg / m2, while unfavorable weather conditions insignificantly affect the number of fruits obtained.

These undersized varieties are great for open ground. However, in relatively unfavorable conditions, the beds should be covered with polyethylene in order to create the best microclimate for the plant.

High-yielding varieties

Choosing a variety of bell pepper, you involuntarily pay attention to the yield. I don't want to occupy large areas of land to get a couple of kilograms of vegetables. Especially when it comes to farming, when the sale of crops is considered the main source of income. So, the highest-yielding varieties of bell peppers are:

Kapitoshka

Peppers "Kapitoshka" are large, with thick walls (7.5 mm). Ripen in 100 days from the day of sowing. Their color is green or red. The shape of the fruit is conical. The average weight of one vegetable is 80 g.

The plant is low - up to 55 cm, semi-spreading. Needs regular feeding, watering, loosening. With proper care, yields up to 22 kg / m22.

Suite

A high-yielding variety of bell pepper. More than 5 kg of vegetables can be harvested from one compact bush up to 55 cm high. Fruit color is green or bright red. Their length is approximately equal to 10-13 cm, weight 50-60 g. The pulp is thick (7-8 mm), juicy, aromatic. The fruits ripen 120 days after sowing the seed. For sowing seedlings, the best time is March. 1 m2 open ground, it is recommended to plant 4-5 bushes. This allows you to get up to 25 kg of peppers from 1 m2.

Forward

The variety is represented by a tall plant. It should be planted in open ground with a frequency of no more than 3 bushes per 1 m2... It is imperative to provide for a bush garter. The variety is disease resistant. Its fruits ripen in an average of 125 days. For seedlings, seeds are sown in March. Harvesting with this schedule falls on June.

Ripe peppers are green or bright red in color. Their length is up to 15 cm, weight reaches 500 g. With such parameters of the fruit, the variety is deservedly considered a champion. The crop yield is also high - 18 kg / m2... The taste of the vegetable is excellent.

Peppers with a unique color

The uniqueness of pepper lies in the fact that fruits of different colors can grow on one bush. This makes the culture a decoration of the vegetable garden. Among the bright red, green and orange peppers, there are species that have a unique, interesting pepper color.

Watercolor

Indeed, as if the peppers of this variety were painted with paints. Their color is represented by a mixture of red and lilac. You can see such a unique creation of nature in the photo below.

This variety is ultra-early ripening, its fruits are ready for consumption within 60-70 days from the day of sowing. The shape of the fruit is conical, up to 15cm long. The weight of the vegetable is 30 g, the pulp is juicy, aromatic. Crop yield up to 12 kg / m2.

The plant is quite tall - up to 80 cm, requires a garter, feeding, loosening. A culture is planted with 3 bushes per 1 m2 soil.

Amethyst

One of the best varieties for outdoor use. Belongs to the category of cold-resistant, high-yielding. The peppers have a distinctive purple color and a cuboid fruit shape.

The pulp has an amazing aroma, it is very juicy and tender. The weight of one sweet pepper reaches 160 g. The period from sowing the seed to the ripening of the fruit is only 110 days. The plant is represented by a compact bush, up to 70 cm high.High yield - up to 12 kg / m2.

Juicy aromatic peppers of this variety are colored in a mixture of green and red. Their shape is cuboid, with an edge up to 15 cm long. The weight of one fruit is significant - about 500 g. The pulp of the pepper is fragrant, especially juicy, sweet.

The plant is vigorous, needs a garter. Planting bushes on open ground should not be thicker than 3 pcs / m2... For cultivation, the seedling method is mainly used, with sowing seeds in March and harvesting in June. The plant perfectly forms ovaries and bears fruit up to 18 kg / m2.

Cupid

The variety is distinguished not only by its pleasant taste and aroma, but also by its amazing shape and color. The short ripening period of the fruit allows you to feast on the vegetable after 110 days from the moment of sowing the seed. The plant is tall, but not too sprawling, so it can be planted with a density of 4 pcs / m2... To get an early harvest, it is recommended to sow seeds in February-March for seedlings.

Heart-shaped peppers are green-red in color. Their average weight is 300 g. The total yield of the variety is 10 kg / m2.

The peppers "Heart of the beloved" have an even more interesting shape. Their image can be seen in the photo below.

Line 58

These yellow peppers are more like tomatoes in shape: round, 7-8 cm in diameter. At the same time, the flesh is thick, fleshy, tender. The color of the pepper is light green or golden yellow. The fruits ripen for a fairly long period of time after sowing - 150 days. The variety was bred in Moldova, it is resistant to cold weather.

The bush is medium-sized, low - up to 55 cm. Its leaves are round, dark green. Crop yield 6 kg / m2.

Similar in agrotechnical characteristics and appearance to the "Line 58" variety is "Kolobok", which has a bright red color and the "Solnyshko" variety with orange fruits. You can see the image of these peppers below.

Conclusion

The choice of pepper variety depends on many criteria. First of all, it is the existing climatic conditions, which the gardener cannot change. The second fundamental criterion is taste preferences, because peppers differ not only in shape, color, but also in taste and aroma. The yield of the cultivated variety is also of great importance. It is quite difficult to find all these qualities in one variety, but given the reviews and experience of experienced gardeners, you can successfully start a personal history of growing peppers.


Watch the video: Best Peppers of 2020 - Our Favorite Varieties - Pepper Geek (May 2021).