Many gardeners, deciding to grow raspberries on their land, are thinking about how and when it is better to plant young seedlings. In practice, they use various technologies for planting shrubs in the spring and autumn seasons. At the same time, experienced farmers argue that planting raspberries in the fall is preferable, since rainy weather with low temperatures favorably affects the rooting of shrubs, and having gained enough strength, the plants in the new season will delight you with an abundant, full-fledged harvest of tasty and healthy berries. Of course, planting raspberries in the autumn will not be successful, if you do not take into account some of the features and rules, which we will try to talk about in detail below in the article.
Why is it better to plant raspberries in the fall
The choice of whether to plant raspberries in spring or autumn largely depends on the climatic features of the area. It is recommended to plant a shrub in the fall in the central and southern regions of the country, where this time of the year is quite long and warm. In the northern regions, frosts come early enough, and the seedlings may simply not have time to take root.
Important! Raspberry varieties with low frost resistance cannot be planted in the fall.
In regions with favorable climatic conditions, transplanting raspberries in the fall is recommended because:
- Air temperature at the level of + 10 ... + 150C and a moisture content of about 80% are optimal conditions for the rooting of seedlings. The absence of the scorching sun for young plants also contributes to better survival.
- In the fall, the forces of the shrub are aimed at developing the root system, in the spring - at building up green mass. That is why replanting raspberries in the spring is not recommended. Poorly developed roots in this case are not able to supply the aboveground part of the seedling with nutrients and moisture in the required amount.
- If you transplant raspberries in the fall, then in the spring you can get full-fledged, adult plants that bear fruit in full.
- The autumn period is less busy for gardeners and gardeners.
- A few months before planting seedlings, you can begin to prepare a place for growing a crop.
- The cost of raspberry seedlings on the market in autumn is much lower than in spring.
Based on these recommendations and comparative advantages, each gardener can independently decide for himself when it is better to transplant raspberries: in autumn or spring.
Time to plant raspberries
The timing of planting raspberries in the fall largely depends on climatic, weather conditions and the characteristics of the variety. The only prerequisite in this case is that the seedlings must mature well before transplanting. Their maturation is evidenced by the appearance of a replacement bud on the basal neck of the shoots. The period of appearance of this bud depends on the early maturity of the variety. For example, in early varieties, a replacement bud can be observed as early as September; in later varieties, it will be found in raspberries only in mid-October.
Important! It is necessary to plant raspberries in the fall 3-4 weeks before the arrival of frost.
It is impossible to determine the specific time frame for when it is impossible to transplant raspberries in a particular region, however, the following recommendations can be made:
- in the southern regions, it is recommended to practice raspberries in the fall from the end of September to the twentieth of October;
- in the central and, if necessary, in the northern regions, the procedure for planting raspberries should be dealt with in early September.
From year to year, weather conditions can vary significantly, so the gardener himself must determine when to plant raspberry bushes on his site. To do this, you need to control temperature indicators and follow the weather forecast. In some southern regions, raspberries can be successfully planted even in early November.
Choosing a place and preparing the soil for growing raspberries
The quality and quantity of raspberries will largely depend on the place where the bushes grow. So, for raspberries, it is recommended to choose a sunny piece of land, protected from strong northerly winds. Of course, many gardeners may notice that unpretentious raspberries can grow even in the shade, but in this case, the shoots of the plant are very stretched and flowers are formed only at their tops, as shown in the photo below. The fruiting process slows down and with an early frost on the berries, you can not wait at all.
Important! You can grow raspberries near fences or walls of buildings, which will act as artificial barriers from strong winds.
Raspberries prefer to grow in well-drained, loose, fertile soil. It is necessary to prepare it in advance:
- in the place where raspberries will grow a month before planting the seedlings, you can sow siderates, for example, rye or buttercup;
- before planting seedlings, rotted manure and wood ash are introduced into the soil.
Important! High groundwater levels and flooding of the site can lead to the extinction of raspberries.
During the summer season, it is recommended not to grow other crops in the area designated for raspberries. This will allow the soil to rest and stock up on nutrients. If, nevertheless, it is decided to use the land for growing crops in the summer season, then the rules of crop rotation should be adhered to. So, raspberries cannot be planted in places where nightshade crops previously grew.
Selection of seedlings
Adult raspberry seedlings form adventitious buds on their roots, which eventually become full-fledged shoots. It is they who are more often used for breeding culture. Shoots at the age of 1 year are suitable for transplantation. Planting material can also be obtained by dividing previously grown adult bushes.
For breeding raspberries, they dig out or acquire the strongest seedlings, the trunk diameter of which in the lower part exceeds 1 cm.The roots of the seedlings must be healthy and well developed, as shown in the photo:
Important! When purchasing a new variety in the fall, you can see and sometimes taste the berries of the purchased raspberries.
For planting, you need to prepare seedlings with a height of more than 40 cm. After planting, they can be pruned, leaving only 15-20 cm of the shoot above ground level.
Sapling placement schemes
In order to understand how to properly plant raspberries in the fall, you need to familiarize yourself with the possible schemes for their placement on the site.
So, there are several main schemes:
Important! Rows with raspberries are recommended to be placed from south to north for better heating and sunlight. This will allow the berries to ripen evenly.
Depending on the free space on the site and personal preferences, the gardener decides for himself how to plant raspberries in the fall, and which scheme to use. Experts recommend planting raspberry bushes in trenches. They are easy to equip. Raspberries with such a planting quickly grow and ripen together. Caring for seedlings is quite simple to provide. The advantage of the pit method of growing raspberries is the increased yield: for every 1m2 soil you can place a large number of seedlings.
Planting raspberries: step by step instructions
Regardless of the chosen scheme, the gardener must clearly follow the sequence of actions when planting raspberries. To do this, we will try to provide a detailed guide on how to properly plant raspberries in the fall:
- Mark the site, determine the location of the trench or hole with shrubs.
- When digging the soil in the fall, all weeds are removed under the trench and rotted organic matter, fallen leaves, and wood ash are added. In the absence of ash, you can use superphosphate. It is phosphorus fertilizers that are necessary for seedlings for the successful growth of roots. If it is decided to grow the shrub by the nesting method, then pits are prepared before planting the plants in the fall. Organic matter is laid at the bottom of the pit and sprinkled with a layer of earth. Ash or phosphorus fertilizer is added to the remaining soil.
- Before planting a seedling in a new place, it is recommended to dip its roots in a nutrient solution prepared by adding clay to the mullein infusion. This product will speed up the process of plant adaptation and protect young roots from pests.
- When planting raspberry seedlings, it is necessary to ensure that their roots are straightened and located horizontally to the surface of the earth. After placing in the hole, the roots of the seedling are sprinkled with earth and the soil is compacted over the entire area.
- After it was possible to transplant raspberries to a new place, it is watered abundantly, spending at least 8 liters of water for each bush.
- The soil over the entire planting area should be mulched. For this, you can use sawdust, hay, peat. Mulch will retain moisture in the soil, prevent weeds, and protect plants from freezing.
- The final stage of planting is to shorten the seedlings. For the winter, you need to leave only 10-15 cm of shoots above the ground.
Important! In places with a high level of groundwater, it is recommended to put a drainage layer of tree branches or expanded clay at the bottom of the planting site, as shown in the photo below.
Cover the drainage layer with fertile soil and organic matter.
Such a simple instruction will surely help even a novice gardener figure out how to plant raspberries in the fall, so that with the arrival of the new season, get a good harvest of tasty and healthy berries.
Additionally, some important points related to how to transplant raspberries can be emphasized from the video:
Raspberries have a high viability and, subject to all the rules of autumn planting, the survival rate of seedlings is close to 100%. At the same time, it is important to determine exactly when it is better to plant raspberries in a particular region and what to do in order for the seedlings to take root quickly after transplantation. Choosing a place and preparing quality material, fertilizing the soil will only increase the yield of raspberries and improve the quality of berries. Thus, every gardener should remember that raspberries are not only tasty and healthy, but also very simple.