Gloria F1 cabbage is a resistant hybrid bred by Dutch breeders. The variety is characterized by high yields, the ability to withstand weather changes, and low susceptibility to diseases. Due to medium ripening, cabbage is used in the daily diet and homemade preparations.
Description of gloria cabbage:
- white mid-season variety;
- the period from planting plants in the ground to harvesting heads of cabbage takes 75-78 days;
- rounded head of cabbage;
- high density of head of cabbage;
- blue-green leaves with a waxy bloom;
- average weight indicators from 2.5 to 4.5 kg;
- small stump.
Gloria cabbage is drought and cold snap resistant. From 1 sq. m plantings yield is from 8 to 10 kg. Heads of cabbage are harvested from late August to mid-October.
Taste qualities of the variety in fresh and fermented form are assessed as high. Heads of cabbage tolerate transportation well and can be stored for 4-5 months.
Growing from seeds
Gloria cabbage is grown from seeds. First, seedlings are obtained, which are kept indoors. The grown seedlings are transferred to open ground. Particular attention is paid to choosing a place for planting plants: they take into account predecessors and fertilize the soil.
Planting at home
The Gloria variety belongs to the mid-season, therefore, they start planting seeds from the second half of April. It is better to prepare the soil for plants in the fall by combining turf and humus. From fertilizers add wood ash in the amount of 1 tbsp. l. for 1 kg of substrate.
Cabbage seedlings develop well in peat soil. The main requirement for the substrate is high air permeability and fertility. The use of purchased soil intended for seedlings of vegetable crops is allowed.
Advice! Before planting, the seeds are placed in warm water for 20 minutes, after which they are washed in cool water.
To improve germination, planting material is kept for 3 hours in a solution of a growth stimulator. The soil is moistened and poured into boxes or separate containers. To avoid picking plants, you can plant seeds in cassettes with a mesh size of 3-5 cm.
The seeds are deepened by 1 cm, after which the plantings are covered with plastic wrap. Cabbage shoots appear at temperatures above 20 ° C.
The first shoots will break through 5-7 days after planting. Until the appearance of the first leaf, the plants are kept at a temperature of 10 ° C.
After sprouting, Gloria F1 cabbage provides certain conditions:
- daytime temperature 14-18 ° С;
- night temperature 6-10 ° C;
- access to fresh air;
- lack of drafts;
- continuous lighting for 12-15 hours;
- regular soil moistening.
If necessary, the plants are supplemented with a phytolamp or a fluorescent device. Lighting is placed at a distance of 30 cm from the seedlings. The soil is watered as the soil dries up. After the introduction of moisture, the soil must be loosened.
When 1-2 leaves appear, the seedlings are transplanted into larger containers. It is best to use cups filled with peat and humus. The roots of the plants are cut to 1/3 of their length and transplanted into a moist substrate.
2-3 weeks before transferring to the garden, cabbage is often kept in the fresh air. The seedlings are transferred to a balcony or loggia and gradually increase the period of their presence in natural conditions from 2 hours to a whole day.
Landing in the ground
Gloria cabbage seedlings are transferred to an open place from the second half of May to early June. It is imperative to wait for the soil and soil to warm up. The plant has 5-7 full-fledged leaves, and they reach a height of 20 cm.
The plot for cabbage is prepared in the fall. The crop is not planted after radishes, radishes, turnips, rutabagas or any other varieties of cabbage. Acidic soils are not suitable for growing crops.
In the spring, deep loosening of the soil is carried out and weeds are weeded. Planting pits are prepared for seedlings, which are placed in increments of 50 cm. 60 cm are left between the rows.
Advice! A handful of sand, peat and humus are placed in the holes. Of the fertilizers, 60 g of wood ash are added, after which the planting site is abundantly watered.
Gloria cabbage is removed from the containers and transferred to the planting hole. Peat pots with seedlings are planted directly into the ground. The cabbage is buried in the ground so that the first pair of leaves is located above its surface. The roots of the plants are covered with dry earth, which is slightly compacted.
In hot weather, the planted plants are shaded with newspapers or non-woven fabric. If there is a chance of frost, then at night the planting is covered with agrofibre.
Gloria cabbage is drought and cool weather resistant. Crop care involves watering, feeding and loosening the soil. To protect against diseases and pests, folk and chemical preparations are used.
Gloria cabbage is watered in the evening every 5-6 days. In the heat, moisture is brought in after 2-3 days. The water is preliminarily settled in barrels. Water is poured under the root of plants, do not allow it to get on the leaves.
After watering, the soil is loosened so that the plants can better absorb moisture and useful components. Weeds are removed from the garden bed.
It is recommended to spud cabbage 3 weeks after planting to form a powerful root system. The procedure is repeated every 10 days.
To maintain soil moisture, mulching with peat is performed. A 5 cm layer will reduce irrigation and weed growth.
Fertilization improves the taste characteristics of Gloria cabbage and accelerates its development. The first feeding is carried out at the seedling stage. A week after picking the plants, a solution is prepared, consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. Each component is taken 2 g.
After 2 weeks, the treatment is repeated, and the concentration of the substances is doubled. A couple of days before planting in the ground, the plants are watered with a solution consisting of potassium salt and superphosphate. These substances contribute to the development of the root system, increase the immunity of cabbage and resistance to weather conditions.
After transplanting, after 2-3 weeks, cabbage is watered with a solution of urea in an amount of 1 g per 1 liter of water. When forming a head of cabbage, 10 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate are added to a solution of 10 liters of water.
Diseases and pests
According to the description, Gloria cabbage is resistant to fusarium wilt, a dangerous disease that develops during drought. Leaves turn yellow in young and adult plants. On the cut, the affected head of cabbage has brown rings. Diseased plants must be destroyed.
At low temperatures and high humidity, heads of cabbage are susceptible to gray rot and powdery mildew. The disease spreads fungal spores.
For the prevention of diseases, the rules for planting and caring for cabbage are observed, garden tools and planting material are disinfected. Plantings are sprayed with Fitosporin solution. All treatments are stopped during the period of setting the head of cabbage.
Advice! An alternative to biological products for diseases of cabbage are infusions on onion and garlic peels. Means insist 12 hours and are used for spraying plantings.
Gloria cabbage is susceptible to attack by caterpillars, aphids, scoops, May beetle. Plants with a spicy aroma repel pests: mint, sage, cilantro, rosemary, marigolds. They are planted between rows of cabbage.
An infusion of tomato tops or onion husks is effective against insects. The agent is infused for 3 hours, then used to spray the plants. For the infusion to stick better to the leaves, you need to add crushed soap.
Elena, 35 years old, Ryazan
Last year, Gloria planted cabbage for the first time. The cultivar was advised by a seller in a gardening store. Grown in seedlings. First, I planted the seeds in fertile soil. Seedlings emerged amicably, periodically watered them, and after a few weeks planted them in separate cups. The plants were well tolerated after transplanting into open ground. The Gloria variety turned out to be very tasty and juicy, added cabbage to soups, and pickled a lot for the winter.
Vasily, 58 years old, Kostroma
According to its characteristics, Gloria cabbage is one of the best varieties for pickling. I grow cabbage for pickling and for sale. Heads of cabbage have a neat shape and thin leaves, so they are always in demand. The maximum shelf life for the variety is until spring, I always leave a few heads of cabbage for salads and soups.
Alla, 46 years old, Novosibirsk
Gloria cabbage is a very worthy hybrid. Initially, the variety attracted cold resistance and high yield. Heads of cabbage grow even, taste at a height. For several years of growing on cabbage, there were no signs of disease. Be sure to water and feed the plants, then there are no problems with growing.
Gloria cabbage is a popular hybrid variety that is resistant to diseases and various weather conditions. The variety is grown in seedlings. Plants are looked after by applying moisture and fertilizers. The soil in the beds is loosened and weeded from the weeds. To protect against diseases and pests, special preparations or folk remedies are used.