There are many varieties of fruit trees, so it can be difficult for novice gardeners to make the right choice. Pear Prominent is an unpretentious variety that has passed the test of time and has proven itself well. We will describe this variety, consider its photos and reviews, tell you how to properly plant and care for a fruit tree.
The prominent Russian breeders Petrov Yu.A. and N.V. Efimov in 1958. A new variety was obtained by crossing the transitional hybrid VI-53-67 and the classic southern pear.
This variety exceeded all expectations, and in 1972 it was classified as an elite variety. The plant is resistant to the cold winters of Russia, therefore it is grown in the central regions of the country. The hybrid is especially popular in the Moscow and neighboring regions.
Description of pear
Pear Vidnaya is a self-fertile variety that bears a late but abundant harvest. The plant begins to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting, from August to mid-September. Gardeners harvest an average of 50 kg of pears from one fruit tree.
Pear Vidnaya stretches up to 5-6 meters in height. A young plant of this variety has a spreading and lush crown, which with age takes the shape of a pyramid with an average density of foliage. The trunk is powerful and thick, in diameter it can reach 25 cm. Massive branches are covered with ringlets, on which fruit formations are formed.
Leaves are medium in size with jagged edges and a smooth, shiny surface. The shape is elongated, ovoid. Petioles are short, slightly curved, light brown in color.
The fruits of Vidnoy are medium and large. The average weight of one pear is 150-170 g, some specimens can reach 200 g. They have a symmetrical, elongated shape and a ribbed surface. Therefore, the second name of this variety is Bumpy.
Only mature fruits have a green color; closer to ripening, they acquire a yellowish tint. In some places of the pear, a light, orange tan may appear, which is quite acceptable. The pulp is dense and juicy, milky in color. The taste is rich, with a slight sourness and nutmeg aftertaste.
The fruit is consumed fresh, dried, added to baked goods, preserves, compotes, jams and marmalade are prepared.
The Pear Vidnaya variety is characterized by a number of positive aspects:
- early maturity, the first crop is harvested in the fourth year after planting;
- frost resistance;
- not affected by scab and powdery mildew;
- brings a regular and rich harvest;
- due to late flowering, the probability of destruction of buds by frost is reduced to zero;
- unpretentiousness, grows even on poor land;
- excellent taste and marketability.
Due to its many advantages, the variety is grown both in private gardening and on an industrial scale. It is also used for breeding.
There are not so many negative sides of the Vidnaya pear variety. Fresh fruit is stored for no more than 7-9 days. The fruits ripen unevenly, so it is better to harvest the crop in several stages. Since the plant is sprawling and tall, some fruits can be difficult to reach.
Important! Despite self-fertility, it is recommended to plant a pollinator tree next to Vidnaya, for example, a Rogneda pear or an Autumn Yakovleva. This is the only way to get the largest fruits and a high yield.
Features of agricultural technology
To grow a healthy plant that will yield a stable harvest, you need to follow the rules for its cultivation.
In the southern regions, it is recommended to plant a Vidnaya pear in late September or early October. During the winter, the seedling will have time to get stronger and take root. With the arrival of spring and warmth, the tree will grow.
In regions with an unstable and cold climate, it is better to plant a pear of this variety in spring, in the second half of April. By this time, the soil will have time to warm up and be saturated with melt water. But planting must be carried out quickly, until the buds of the young plant swell.
For a Vidnaya pear, you should choose a sunny and spacious area in the garden. If you plant a tree in the shade, its fruits will be tasteless, and the yield will decrease several times. It is advisable that on the north side of the plant there is a fence that will protect it from cold winds.
The pear does not tolerate stagnant water and wetlands. In low-lying areas, you need to make drainage or plant a seedling on a small elevation. Groundwater should not be closer than 2 m from the surface.
Vidnaya is undemanding to the ground, but it feels more comfortable on sandy loam, chernozem and slightly acidic soils.
Attention! To reduce the acidity of the soil, lime is added to it at the rate of 3.5 kg / 10 m2.
Planting pit preparation
Site preparation should begin six months before Vidnoy planting. To do this, it is recommended to adhere to the following rules:
- The planting pit for a pear seedling should be spacious, 90-100 cm deep and at least 80 cm in diameter.
- The top fertile soil layer, 20 cm thick, must be set aside separately. 25-30 kg of rotted manure or compost, 1 kg of superphosphate, 80 g of potassium nitrate and 0.8 - 1 kg of wood ash are added to it.
- The soil mixture is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pit. A small hill should form.
Some gardeners recommend covering the pit with plastic.
Pear planting process Prominent:
- Soak plant roots in any biostimulator or in a 3% solution of potassium permanganate for a day. Then treat them with a mixture of clay and mullein and leave to dry for 2 hours.
- Drive a stick into the center of the hole, which should be 1.5 times higher than the seedling. She will serve as a support.
- Spread the roots of the seedling and lower it into the hole. The root collar of the tree should be 7-8 cm above the ground.
- Cover the plant with earth, tamp the soil and tie the seedling to the support.
- Form a groove around the tree at a distance of 0.5 meters from the trunk.
- Pour 30-40 liters of warm water over the pear.
To retain moisture, the trunk circle is mulched with compost or sawdust.
Caring for a prominent pear is simple. The main thing is to cut the tree on time, water it and feed it.
Regular pruning improves the quality and volume of the crop. Every autumn, you need to sanitize the tree: remove dry, affected and old branches.
For young plants, formative pruning is very useful, which is carried out in early spring (in March, April). The activity consists in shortening the branches, while several main shoots should remain on each tier.
Places of cuts are treated with a solution of copper sulfate and covered with oil paint.
Attention! No more than 25% of the crown of a tree can be removed during one event.
A young seedling Vidnoy needs to be watered weekly with 18-20 liters of warm water. An adult pear (3-5 years old) is irrigated every 15 days with 60-70 liters of water. A fruit tree over six years old can get by with just a few waterings per year:
- in spring, before flowering;
- during the formation of ovaries;
- 15 days before fruit ripening;
- at the end of September - water recharge irrigation.
The most efficient irrigation method is overhead irrigation, which is similar to natural rainfall. If there is no special device, then water can be poured into the annular groove around the tree. After the procedure, the soil is loosened and mulched.
Attention! When drawing up a pear irrigation schedule, it is necessary to take into account the weather conditions and avoid waterlogging of the soil.
If all the recommendations were followed during planting, then feeding of the Vidnaya Pear can be started 2 years after planting.
Nitrogen-containing fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate) are used only in spring, when the shoots begin to grow actively. Consumption rate - 30-35 kg / ha. Organic matter is applied every 2-3 years. For this, humus, compost or rotted manure are used. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers are applied in the fall.
A pear of this variety needs to be fed 2-3 times a year. The procedure should be carried out during or after watering.
Vidnaya pear variety is not affected by scab and powdery mildew, but there are many other diseases and pests of the fruit tree. It is easier to prevent infection than to cure the plant later. Therefore, preventive treatments are carried out in spring and autumn.
For this, insecticides or folk methods are used. During active growing season, the pear is sprayed with a solution of laundry soap, infusion of wood ash or soda ash. The procedure is carried out every 2 weeks. The ash solution not only protects the tree, but also nourishes it, as it has a rich mineral composition.
Attention! It is not recommended to plant Pear Vidnaya next to mountain ash, as the risk of cross-contamination increases.
Marina, 33 years old, Ivanovo
We planted a pear seedling Vidnaya 4 years ago. The first small crop was harvested yesterday. The impression of this variety is ambiguous. The fruits are large, the weight of some specimens reaches 300-350 g. But outwardly identical fruits have different tastes. Basically they are very juicy, with a rich sweet and sour taste. Outside, the pulp is tough and tart. If you leave the pear to ripen, then it quickly deteriorates.
Pavel, 60 years old, Ryazan
I have been growing this pear variety in my garden for 6 years. I like that even unripe fruits have a dense, crispy and very juicy pulp. Astringency is absent. When fully ripe in the refrigerator or on a tree, the pear softens. But you cannot store it for a long time, since after a week the pulp begins to darken. In terms of taste, Vidnaya is similar to Chizhovskaya, but in size it is much larger. The pear is especially good for juice.
Vidnaya is a pear variety that attracts with its rich taste and stable yield. The tree is unpretentious, so even a novice gardener can grow it. It is a frost-resistant variety that is suitable for cultivation in harsh climatic conditions.