The beauty of beautiful perennials for the garden lies, first of all, in the fact that these flowers do not have to be planted every season - it is enough to plant them once in the front garden, and enjoy the beauty and fragrance for several years. Flowering perennials are no worse than annuals, on the contrary, these flowers have a number of advantages.
You can learn about the features of perennial flowers from this article, as well as familiarize yourself with the photos and names of perennials in the garden.
Flowers for the garden and garden: perennials
A perennial garden flower in landscape designs is found no less often than ordinary annual plants. Perennials make excellent compositions, these flowers can be planted in pots and pots, combined with other plants in flower beds and front gardens.
Herbaceous perennials are often planted in the local area, using them as a green carpet or lawn. Shade-tolerant varieties are quite suitable for decorating a garden, because even under the canopy of large trees, such perennials will feel quite comfortable. And flowering plant varieties are suitable for absolutely any site - they are very decorative.
You can get acquainted with the methods of decorating flower beds and flower beds with the help of perennials in numerous videos on the topic of landscape design.
Benefits of perennials
Compared to annual flowers, perennials have a number of advantages, including:
- They do not have to be planted annually - most varieties of such flowers can grow in one place without additional care for about three to four years.
- Perennial flowers are more unpretentious, almost always they do not require complex care - it is enough to water the bushes in a drought and remove weeds.
- Perennials generally tolerate winter well. Such flowers do not need to be covered, only in the fall you will have to remove faded buds and excess greenery.
- A flowerbed decorated with perennials will delight the owner all season and will remain attractive for several more years.
- A gardener does not have to spend money on planting material every year, so perennials can also save a budget.
- Due to the fact that the root system of perennial flowers is well developed and already formed, perennials will be the first to bloom in the spring and, quite possibly, will become the last flowering plants in the garden during the autumn cold season.
Advice! You don't need to spend money on buying flowers at all, because perennials reproduce by dividing the bush or by cuttings.
Growers often exchange seedlings, thereby saving on the purchase of long-flowering plants. The exception is rare perennials, which reproduce in a rather difficult way.
There are many varieties of perennial flowers, this article contains photos of the best perennial flowers for the garden and vegetable garden.
What perennials can be safely planted in your garden
Perennial plants for the garden are divided into several groups, flowers may differ:
- flowering period;
- flowering duration;
- plant height;
- decorativeness (with or without flowers);
- with a pronounced floral aroma or odorless;
- whimsicality - perennials are divided into three groups, which differ in the requirements for care, transplantation and preparation for the winter period;
- shade-tolerant or sun-loving varieties;
- by the way of reproduction.
The best varieties of perennial flowers will be presented below - every gardener will be able to use them in his garden, because these plants are suitable for decorating flower beds, flower beds, and for planting in hanging pots or decorative pots (where it is recommended to use this or that variety, you can learn from video).
This flower is characterized by the fact that in certain climatic conditions (with too cold winters), it can be grown as an annual crop.
The flowers are quite large, their diameter is 7-8 cm, the shades of the inflorescences can be different: purple, pink, blue or red.
Anemone tubers must be planted in fertilized soil, deepening them no more than 5 cm, and choosing sunny areas of the garden for planting. If the land on the site is depleted, it will have to be fertilized at least twice a season. For this, it is better to use combined fertilizers, combining mineral fertilizing with chemical elements.
Advice! For those who want to make a bouquet of anemones, it is recommended to cut the flowers in the form of buds, while the petals are collected in a bunch and painted in a pale shade - so the flowers will last longer.
A photo of a blooming astilba will not leave anyone indifferent - this perennial is moderately tender and very persistent. Astilba varieties differ significantly from each other: these are different heights of bushes, and decorativeness, and the shade of inflorescences. In accordance with this, the methods of care and planting of a perennial flower also differ.
The general qualities of all varieties of paniculate astilba are as follows:
- exactingness to the composition of the soil - the soil must be fertile;
- dislike of too bright sun - an excellent place for planting a perennial is partial shade;
- regular watering;
- permanent removal of faded panicles.
Important! Astilba roots are afraid of both excessive heat and too low temperatures.
Therefore, in the summer, perennials need to be watered and mulched frequently, and in winter, the ground between the bushes should be covered with insulating material or spruce branches as insulation.
In the video about drawing up flower beds and flower arrangements, there is often a mention of badan. This perennial really has many advantages:
- badan can be planted even in poor soil;
- on fertile soils, the perennial blooms very profusely;
- the plant tolerates a lack of sunlight well;
- you can use badan to decorate any flower beds, rocky compositions and sockets.
The weak side of bergenia is its predisposition to fungal diseases. Especially in the spring, the plant is in dire need of fungicidal treatment, because the roots overwintered under cover are often infected with fungal spores.
The flower beds, decorated with delphinium, are very beautiful. This perennial is sown with seeds; for a dense and lush row, you need to lay the seeds tightly enough to each other, and sprinkle on top with a thin layer of earth.
There are several varieties of this perennial: Persian delphiniums, holosteel, hybrid or multi-flowered (its name speaks volumes about the characteristics of each group).
A perennial needs frequent and abundant watering, but it is better to water the delphinium at the root so that the leaves remain dry - the plant is susceptible to powdery mildew infection. After watering, the land between the bushes must be loosened, but this should be done carefully, because the roots of the perennial are close to the soil surface.
Advice! To properly apply delphinium in your garden, you should watch a video about this plant.
These decorative perennials belong to vines, because clematis are able to curl around the supports and create a hedge.
Clematis should be planted in soil with good drainage; sandy soils are most suitable for perennials. On other soils, it is imperative to arrange a system for the outflow of excess water.
The plant does not like low-lying areas and those places in the garden where groundwater lies close to the ground. The flower should be planted in places well-lit by the sun; when planting, observe a step of 200 cm between the bushes.
If everything is done correctly, clematis will delight the owner of the garden with its flowering for a very long time. The flower does not require complex care, but it is better to cover the perennial for the winter.
These flowers are called among the most versatile perennials - they can grow anywhere. Muscari reproduce by bulbs, prefer sunny places in the garden, like good watering, have a faint musk aroma.
Today, several species of this perennial are known: there is Armenian muscari, Turgenev, racemose, having inflorescences in the form of bunches. Not only the shape of the flowers differs, but also their shade: muscari can be both blue and blue, and purple, and even combined.
Forget-me-not must be planted in moist soil, because this perennial loves water. That is why clay soils or lowlands are most suitable for planting flowers.
Forget-me-not blooms in May, you can recognize it by its small pale blue inflorescences. A plant can bloom well without much care. And after flowering, beautiful pointed leaves appear on the bushes.
Peonies are considered one of the most durable perennials - the bush is able to maintain its decorative effect for 50 years. The flower loves fertile soil and sunlight. It is often planted in parks and squares, since the plant does not need frequent care.
When planting peonies, you need to leave a small distance between the perennial and neighboring plants, because this flower is prone to overgrowth. And peonies will have to be planted periodically, removing the excess part of the bush.
Advice! There is no need to plant peonies near the walls of the house, water from the roof can harm the flower, because its root system is prone to decay.
Perennial is not only beautiful, yarrow is considered a medicinal plant and is often used in folk medicine. Small inflorescences are collected in large umbrellas, which can have different colors:
The plant's resistance is very high, because in nature, yarrow grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes or on rocks. The perennial is well tolerated by temporary drought and sudden temperature jumps.
Phloxes are unusually beautiful, therefore they are very popular with gardeners and landscape decorators. Flowers love good soils, but if the soil on the site is too dense, the plant is planted on a layer of coarse sand, and in sandy soil it would be good to lay a layer of clay.
Phlox seedlings are planted shallowly - 2-3 cm deep into the ground. In order for the perennial to bloom profusely, a sunny, wind-protected area of the garden is chosen for it.
The list of photos with the names of perennials cannot be considered complete - in nature there are thousands of varieties of these flowers. The advantages of perennial ornamental plants are obvious, and the main one is durability, because flower beds with such flowers are renewed only once every 4-6 years.
To learn how to combine plants and form beautiful flower beds, you can watch thematic videos with recommendations from experienced gardeners.