There are no special difficulties in the development of a culture with a long flowering period.
Does hydrangea grow in the Urals
If a gardener decides to start growing a new crop in the Urals, then do not hesitate. It is only necessary to take into account that in different places of the region the weather is not the same. Therefore, when choosing varieties, climatic conditions must be taken into account. Not only the air temperature in the Urals is different. There are differences in the amount of precipitation, and, consequently, in the humidity of the air.
Important! You can plant a crop, you just need to choose winter-hardy varieties of hydrangeas for growing specifically for the Urals and take proper care of them.
Hydrangea varieties for the Urals
As already noted, not all species are suitable for growing in the Urals. In addition, despite their frost resistance, they will still require shelter for the winter (partial or complete).
Popular paniculate varieties for cultivation:
- Darts Little Dot;
- Limelight Peter Zweinenburg;
- Vanilla Fraze;
From tree varieties for cultivation are recommended:
- Hayes Starburst;
Darts Little Dot
Darts Little Dot (Dart's Little-Dot) is a low-growing compact shrub, the height of which is no more than 80 cm. The plant is famous for its large paniculate inflorescences collected from small flowers. At first, the petals have a milky hue, then they turn pinkish. The buds appear in the middle of summer and do not disappear until autumn. The plant is frost-resistant, it does not need to be covered at air temperatures down to -28 degrees. Hydrangea of this variety is suitable for cultivation in the South Urals.
During flowering, a bush of the Durst Little Dot variety is strewn with large panicles from top to bottom
Limelight Peter Zweinenburg
Limelight 'Pieter Zwijnenburg is a very tall shrub, suitable for growing in the Urals. With good care and adherence to the rules, it reaches a height of up to 2.5 m.The creamy white inflorescences are slightly greenish, like lime. Panicle hydrangea blooms from July to September.
Limelight Peter Zweinenburg is winter-hardy, able to withstand temperatures up to -38 degrees, a good crop for growing in the Urals
Kyushu - the variety is large in size, grows up to 3 m in height.It has long white inflorescences.
Attention! The tree hydrangea Kiushu is quite suitable for growing in the Urals.
The buds on the bushes in the form of panicles last from mid-July and delight with their aroma until the second half of October (depending on the temperature).
Kiushu can beautify any garden
Vanille Fraise - When planting this ornamental shrub, gardeners can expect to get small, compact plants. The height of the hydrangea is about 1.5 m. The inflorescences are also interesting. At first they are creamy white, towards September they become dark red. The winter hardiness of hydrangeas is average, so it is best suited for growing in the Middle Urals.
The color of vanilla petals does not change immediately, so different shades can be observed on the same bush
Unique - tall bushes are characteristic of the variety. They grow up to 2.5 m long. Flowering is long and begins in the middle of summer. Large panicles are white when blooming, then turn pink.
Shrubs of the Unique variety are suitable for growing in the Urals, as they can withstand temperatures up to -34 degrees without damage
Hayes Starburst is one of the varieties of tree hydrangeas. The frost resistance of the culture is high (up to -34 degrees), it does not require shelter for the winter. Cultivation is possible throughout the Urals. Hayes Starburst is represented by a compact shrub about 1.5 m high. Petals are white.
Hayes Starburst inflorescences are dense, consisting of many small buds
Annabelle (Annabelle) - in a low-growing bush, which cannot be higher than 1 m, a long flowering period. The buds are lush, rounded. All petals are white. Cultivation in the Urals is possible because the variety is famous for its high frost resistance.
Annabelle bush is short, but wide: not only inflorescences, but he himself looks like a ball
Sterilis (Sterilis) - the culture is grown by gardeners of the Urals for abundant and long flowering. Immediately after blooming, the petals are greenish, then they become snow-white.
Important! This hydrangea is considered the most unpretentious for growing in the harsh climate of the Urals.
The Sterilis variety has fragrant flowers, so there are always a lot of insects on them.
When to plant hydrangea in the Urals
Hydrangea is usually planted in a new location at any time. But experienced people advise gardeners of the Urals to plan work in early spring. The fact is that in the fall, seedlings cannot always take root due to sudden changes in the weather. In this region, cold weather can start early and suddenly.
Planting and caring for garden hydrangea in the Urals
If we talk about the very process of growing, planting and further care, then there are no special differences. In the Urals, hydrangea is planted in the same way as in other regions. You just need to remember some recommendations.
Selection and preparation of the landing site
Plants react negatively to wind and drafts. This should be taken into account when growing a crop. The open space is also not for the hydrangea. It is recommended to grow shrubs next to a fence or tall trees so that the sun illuminates the planting until noon. The site should be at a low elevation so that the water does not stagnate after rains. This is harmful to the root system: rotting will lead to the death of the bush.
As for the soil, then for plants you need to use slightly acidic compounds.
When growing hydrangeas in the Urals, peat must be added to the holes in order to slightly oxidize the soil
How to plant a hydrangea in the Urals
As soon as a hydrangea seedling is purchased, you need to start planting it. In order for the survival rate to be high, it is necessary to follow the recommendations:
- Dig a hole at least 50 cm deep and wide.
- Pour in 30 liters of water so that it goes as low as possible. It is better not to use chlorinated water from the water supply
- The next day, fill the hole with a nutrient mixture consisting of humus, peat, sand and garden soil in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 2.
- Since the bush will grow in one place for several decades, it is recommended to apply mineral fertilizers before planting: urea (20 g), sulfuric potassium (25 g), superphosphate (55 g).
- Spill the seedlings in a container to make it easier to remove the plant.
Hydrangeas grown in pots have a well-developed root system, which promotes rapid growth.
- Place the seedling in the center of the hole, spread the roots.
- Sprinkle with earth, water and mulch with coniferous needles.
Shoots need to be shortened, then the bush will grow faster
Attention! The root collar of the seedling should be flush with the ground.
Watering and feeding
Growing hydrangeas in the Urals has its own characteristics. The fact is that precipitation falls there unevenly. Therefore, you need to ensure that the topsoil is always moist.
You need to water it with warm water. To increase the splendor and beauty of the inflorescences, it is recommended to add a little potassium permanganate. It is especially important to monitor the condition of the soil in dry, hot weather. If, when growing in the Urals, the plant does not have enough water, then this can cause the petals to dry out and fall off.
Do not forget about feeding. It can be mineral fertilizers or organic matter. You need to feed hydrangeas several times during the growing season:
- In early spring, to awaken the plants, feed the bushes with urea.
- Before budding, potash and phosphorus fertilizers need to be applied.
- Before wintering, fill one bucket of humus under each bush.
When growing crops in any place, including in the Urals, it is useful to feed the bushes with diluted yogurt or yogurt, water in which the bread has been soaked. The crumb needs to be crumbled under the bushes and loosened the soil.
If the variety of panicle or tree hydrangea has been correctly chosen, then growing in the Urals will not require much time in the fall. Winter-hardy species do not need special shelter. It is necessary to bend the shoots, fix them.
With a sharp drop in temperature, it is easy to cover the plantings with non-woven fabric or spruce branches
You can do otherwise - install the frame and cover the space with sawdust or dry leaves.
Pruning when growing hydrangeas in the Urals is a mandatory procedure. It is held several times a season. Early in the spring, before the buds swell, they carry out sanitary work: they remove broken and old branches, since the buds are formed on an increment of 1-2 years.
Attention! Shoots are subject to removal, which spoil the appearance of the shrub.
A shaping haircut can be started three years after planting, when the bush gets stronger. After the end of flowering, the peduncles must be removed. They not only spoil the decorativeness of the plantings, but also prevent the plant from developing.
When growing tree hydrangea, gardeners of the Urals do not forget about rejuvenating pruning. In the fall, all shoots are cut into a stump of 8-10 cm.
Advice! It is desirable to remove small peduncles growing inside the bush, then the rest of the buds will be larger.
For growing hydrangeas in the Urals, you can independently obtain planting material. The culture is propagated in different ways:
The seed method is not particularly practiced, since it is difficult to maintain maternal properties at home. And flowering occurs in 4-5 years.
Growing seedlings in the Urals by vegetative methods is convenient and practical. Delicate inflorescences appear for 1-2 years.
When propagating by layering, a young shoot is used.
Diseases and pests
Growing hydrangeas in the Urals does not present any particular difficulties. The plant is unpretentious, in one place the bushes bloom for several decades. Unfortunately, there are no varieties that are completely resistant to diseases and pests. Gardeners need to have a certain amount of knowledge in order to deal with problems.
Of the diseases in any region, including the Urals, it can be noted:
- powdery mildew;
- brown rot;
To save the bushes, it is recommended to use:
- copper chloride;
Of the pests most often annoyed when growing crops in the Urals:
- spider mite;
To combat them, it is recommended:
Advice! When working with chemicals, gardeners of the Urals need to follow the recommendations.
Growing hydrangeas in the Urals is possible if you select varieties that are appropriate for the climate. In a few years, the garden from mid-summer until autumn will delight with large fragrant inflorescences.
Reviews of garden hydrangea in the Urals
Leskov Semyon Andreevich, 44 years old, Yekaterinburg
I decided to start growing hydrangeas in my summer cottage. I bought a paniculata Vanilla Fraze and a tree-like Annabelle. The seedlings were grown in a nursery in containers. Two months later, I noticed that Vanilla began to wither. Couldn't understand the reason. The neighbor later explained that I have high underground waters and the roots are rotting. I had to transplant it on a hill and make a drainage pillow in the pit. Now my hydrangeas are blooming and delighting with their decorative effect.
Svetlana Leonidovna Ivanova, 39 years old, Perm
The first hydrangea bushes, I don't know what sort, were planted by my mother. She brought the scions from Sochi, where she was on vacation. Over the years, the bushes have grown, each time they bloom profusely. On one hydrangea, the inflorescences are pink, and on the other - white. The buds are large, fragrant. The beauty is simply indescribable! Hydrangea propagates by layering and cuttings. The plants are frost-resistant, I don't cover them especially for the winter, I only mulch the root zone well, tie and bend the shoots to the ground.