Garden Tips

Build composter - location, material and filling

A composter has many advantages and should therefore not be missing in any garden. We show you how you can easily build a compost bin yourself.

Waste disposal is expensive and everyone is required to separate their garbage. But where to put the old apples, the potato peels and the coffee grounds? There is a solution for all biodegradable waste that arises in the kitchen and in the garden. Because these are allowed on the compost. Do you have your own garden, but not yet a compost bin? Then the following instructions will interest you. We will tell you why a compost bin is worthwhile, what belongs to the compost and how even inexperienced DIY enthusiasts can easily build their own compost bin.

Compost bins are worth it!

A compost bin is practical and helps you save money. In the future, various kitchen and garden waste may end up on the compost instead of in the organic waste bin. This does not cost you a dime and even brings you something else, namely nutritious garden soil and an effective natural fertilizer that allows your plants to grow and thrive.

Caution: The compost bin in the garden does not replace the bio bin!

You cannot automatically throw all the waste that is generated in the kitchen and in the garden onto the compost. There are a few things to consider when composting. In order for the composting process to really get going, a balanced ratio between carbon and nitrogen is necessary. Carbon-rich and nitrogen-rich materials should therefore roughly balance each other on the compost.high carbon waste

  • pruning
  • bush cuttings
  • leaves
nitrogen-rich waste

  • grass clippings
  • biowaste
  • coffee grounds
What can be composted?NoGos for compost
  • grass clippings
  • leaves
  • cut flowers
  • houseplants
  • balcony plants
  • raw leftovers of fruits and vegetables
  • rotten fruit
  • shredded tree or hedge cut
  • eggshells
  • Teabag
  • coffee grounds
  • sawdust
  • Paper cardboard without printing
  • banana peels
  • citrus fruits
  • meat
  • fish
  • bone
  • drugs
  • batteries
  • cooked pasta
  • chemicals
  • packagings
  • Leaves of cherry laurel, beech, chestnut or poplar

Build compost bin - step by step instructions

  1. Set location
  2. Determine the size of the composter
  3. Prepare building materials and tools
  4. Prepare the base
  5. Bring corner posts into the floor
  6. Tension plug wire
  7. Attach boards on the three sides
  8. Attach boards to the front

Set location

The choice of the right location is not irrelevant for later composting. The location should be chosen as shady as possible.

Tip: If the location is too sunny, the compost will dry up. Also keep in mind that the compost heap should be easily accessible from the house.

Determine size

When choosing the right size, consider the size of your garden and the need for compost. Compost containers should generally not be too small. The minimum dimensions are around one meter. Larger compost containers can also have dimensions of 1.5 meters. You can of course also build several smaller compost containers and place them in different locations in the garden.

Tip: The compost bin should not be too low. Approximately one meter height is a guideline here.

Prepare building materials and tools

It is important to clearly favor wood. Wood is the easiest to work with, is inexpensive and has a long shelf life. Make sure you have a sturdy wood that does not rot too quickly. Here, compost containers made of larch wood have proven their worth. Larch wood does not need to be specially impregnated, but has a natural protective function.

Tip: Use spruce or pine wood, impregnate the lasts before processing so that the compost bin does not start to rot early.


  • four corner posts
  • four wooden slats
  • chick wire
  • wooden boards
  • nails


  • spirit level
  • hammer
  • tape measure

Prepare the base

Once you have found a suitable location, dedicate yourself to preparing the soil. To make it easier for the microorganisms and insects to later find their way into the compost, loosen the soil accordingly.

Bring corner posts into the floor

Now bring the four corner pillars into the ground according to the dimensions. These should be buried at least 15 cm deep so that the compost bin later has the necessary stability.

Tension plug wire

So that small animals do not have the opportunity to settle in the compost, the floor area is now lined with chicken wire.

Attach boards on the three sides

Now attach the boards to the back and the two long sides. The boards are attached with nails. Make sure to keep an even distance between the individual boards. This distance should not be less than five centimeters.

Tip: Adequate ventilation is particularly important for the compost bin. This is achieved by the distances between the individual wooden slats.

Attach boards to the front

If you have completely boarded up the three sides, now dedicate yourself to the front. Attach two wooden strips to each of the two corner posts so that a groove is created. You can now easily slide the remaining wooden slats into this groove. So you can easily remove finished compost and adjust the height of the compost bin individually.

What is in the compost?

The compost bin is now ready and you can start filling. Autumn or spring are ideal times for installing a compost bin. If cutting work is required, you can use the shredded branches and twigs to create the first layer in the compost heap. The coarse garden waste is mixed with grass clippings and straw. Now apply a layer of manure. You can now gradually add kitchen and garden waste to it.

Tip: The compost heap can dry out quickly in summer. So water it occasionally so that the microorganisms and earthworms continue to work there.

Alternative: compost bin made from Euro pallets

If you own Euro pallets or have the opportunity to buy them inexpensively, a practical and inexpensive alternative has been found. In addition, Euro pallets already have the right dimensions and the necessary ventilation slots are also available. You only need four Euro pallets, which you now connect with angles or nail together. You can then fill in the compost as already described.

Compost bin without nails

Would you like to do without nails or screws when setting up? Then you choose a compost bin, which you provide with a plug-in system. For this you have to provide the boards with small recesses. These must correspond to the dimensions of the wooden slats. Measure the distances exactly and then saw out the cutouts.

Then you plug the individual boards into each other and create a flexible plug-in system that offers a secure hold and can also be easily removed if you want to remove compost. In this case, you can save cornerstones. This means that you can build your own compost bin with little manual skill and thus enrich your garden and save money at the same time. Since the container is easy to put together, you can change its size at any time and easily move it to another location.