With a Mediterranean garden you get that holiday feeling at home. We show what makes such a garden and what you need for it.
Everything is better and nicer on vacation. This is primarily because you can relax on vacation and leave the stress of everyday life behind. As soon as the vacation is over and everyday life is back, there is usually not much left of relaxation.
So why not bring the holiday feeling into your own garden and create a place of relaxation? We will show you how in the following.
What defines a Mediterranean garden?
If you want to create a Mediterranean garden, then you should know that this project can be implemented in different ways. The decisive factor is which style you mean - the garden design of the different Mediterranean regions.
The following styles are differentiated:
- Tuscan style - lush vegetables and hospitality as a guiding principle
- Italian style - geometric shapes dominate the garden
- Southern French style - natural gardens, therefore mainly gravel and lavender
- Moorish style - the focus is on water and mosaics
- Greek style - characteristic: contrast between blue (for the sea) and white (for the clouds)
The Mediterranean regions have in common the mild, warm weather that invites you to spend time outdoors. However, since the sun shines very intensely in these regions at lunchtime, shadows and the use of water play a major role.
Due to the climate, the plants grow more abundantly there and the variety of vegetables, fruits, spices and herbs more abundant than ours.
Another defining feature of the Mediterranean gardens is garden design with natural materials in natural colors. The use of terracotta plays a particularly important role - for example in the form of vases as decoration.
As mentioned at the beginning, shade also plays a major role in the Mediterranean garden. Here, for example, a pergola is ideal - preferably made of cast iron or natural wood. These are not only suitable as sun protection, but also as a seating area. For these you should also use natural materials - cast iron chairs and tables - maybe even decorated with mosaics - are just as possible as rattan furniture that can be found at TecTake, for example. Decorated with beautiful seat cushions, rattan loungers, for example, invite you to relax.
Mediterranean garden - requirements for location, light and soil
As already mentioned, the sun plays a major role in Mediterranean gardens. It is therefore important that it gets sun for at least half a day. Existing large trees that take the sun away from the garden can interfere. You should either cut them down or shorten them so that the garden still gets enough sun. So especially the seating area should get a lot of sun. But the beds don't get along without enough sun either.
Since there can be harsher winds and temperatures in our latitudes, you should check in advance where there are sheltered angles and where cold air collects. For example, you can position minimum-maximum thermometers, such as those found at thermometerwelt.de, at various locations in your garden.
This will give you an idea of where to put your Mediterranean garden.A minimum-maximum thermometer records the minimum and maximum temperatures that occur over a longer period of time - that can be minutes, hours or days - and at the same time displays the current temperature.
If you want to integrate Mediterranean plants into your garden, you should make sure that your garden has a light soil interspersed with coarse sand and humus. This is saturated with oxygen and prevents the build-up of waterlogging in winter.
If you have a heavy soil in the garden, you can loosen it up and add plenty of coarse sand or gravel and humus.
Materials in the Mediterranean gardenThe materials to be used depend on the style you would like to implement. But as already mentioned, natural materials are the cornerstone of Mediterranean garden design. The differences are in the details.
For the rustic garden of Tuscany, natural wood and sandstone or quartzite are suitable as frost-proof alternatives for the limestone popular in Tuscany.
Terracotta plays an important role in Italian garden design. In addition, you should also use gravel and light natural stone in such a garden.
Gravel should not be missing in the French garden either. For this you should combine bistro furniture made of cast iron or metal. Matching bistro furniture can be found in various online shops.
" Tip: LadenZeile.de offers an overview of the offers of various online shops.
You can achieve a particularly colorful element of garden design in the Moorish style with mosaics and ceramics.
Architectural elements and decorations in the Mediterranean garden
You can achieve a particularly classic Mediterranean flair through a shady pergola. Here you have the opportunity to fill them with typical Mediterranean plants.
Even with the right design of seating areas - for example a terrace - you can create a Mediterranean atmosphere in your garden if you rely on bright natural colors and surfaces - for example with natural stone tiles or a small natural stone wall as a limitation.
Of course, the decorative elements from the respective region should not be missing. For example, you can place statues in an Italian garden or on water basins or fountains in the Moorish-inspired garden.
You should also make sure that the fabrics used for the upholstery match the selected style.
Mediterranean plantsThe plants used form the heart of the Mediterranean garden.
If you have a well-protected place in your garden, there can be figs like Abicou. Baker or Brown Turkey thrive.
However, most of the trees typical of the Mediterranean region are not hardy. That is why it makes sense to use hardy alternatives.
Since the olive tree is only partially hardy, there are a few “doppelgangers” that are visually very similar and hardy. These include the willow-leaved pear and the olive willow.
The cypresses from the Mediterranean region are also not hardy and would not thrive particularly well in our regions. As an alternative, you can use pillared yew, Leyland cypress and the columnar juniper.
If you are looking for an alternative to pine, you have come to the right place with black pine, which looks very similar to pine with its umbrella-like crown.
There are palm trees that can thrive in our regions. This includes, for example, the Chinese hemp palm.
Box trees are often planted in Mediterranean gardens to delimit beds and paths. The advantage of these plants: they can be shaped easily and precisely.
You should also rely on grapevines in the Mediterranean garden. they embody the serenity that is so typical of the Mediterranean regions.
❀ Container plants
However, if you do not want to do without the olive tree in your garden, it is advisable to plant it in a terracotta tub and let it hibernate in a protected room.
Incidentally, this also applies to other hardy plants from the Mediterranean that are not or only partially hardy:
- lemon Tree
- peach tree
- orange tree
❀ Bedding plants
There are many hardy species among the Mediterranean bedding plants that you can safely plant in your garden.
This includes herbs like
and perennials like