The mulberry tree is a real ornament in the garden. But in order for it to grow vigorously and to carry a variety of fruits, a lot has to be considered when planting.
There are many good reasons to buy a mulberry tree. The plant belonging to the mulberry family - also known as Moraceae - is known on the one hand for its mulberries, which can be enjoyed like raisins or canned with jam and syrup. On the other hand, the plant, which the Romans also cultivated, appeals to a lot of people because of its decorative appearance. Now you can learn how best to plant a mulberry tree, what should not be disregarded and what aids are needed.
Understanding the Mulberry Tree
In total there are more than ten types of mulberry trees, all of which have one thing in common: they grow as strong trees up to eight meters high, but can also be used as a hedge and cared for. The wide tree top grows relatively dense and can therefore provide a lot of shade. The mulberry trees are not particularly resistant to frost, but can still overwinter in the right place in the garden. Mulberry trees grow particularly well on moist soils that offer a lot of nutrients - but they also inhabit somewhat drier substrates without any problems.
If you know about the way of life and the growth of the mulberry trees, their ideal habitat and location will appear automatically: The mulberry trees of all types need a fairly sunny, but well-protected place in the garden. This should be measured quite generously, since the tree top and root system spread well. This also applies if you want to grow the mulberry tree as a hedge.
Caution fruits rub off
It is important to remember that the fruits of the mulberry trees stain very strongly - stains on the fruits are difficult and difficult to remove. For this reason it is recommended not to place mulberry trees next to terraces, verandas or walkways, as well as house walls.
Before the actual planting can begin, you should dig a large hole at the chosen location, which gives the roots of the tree enough space to unfold. Furthermore, the earth should be loosened in order to make it easier for the tree to settle in. A short water bath of the roots in advance is recommended so that the roots receive sufficient moisture and therefore grow better at the new location. Depending on the size of the tree, a support post should also be provided, since larger trees can use a stable support against storms when growing at the new location.
The right time to plant
If you have determined a location for the mulberry tree, only the right time is missing - both spring and autumn are good for planting, because the mulberry tree can still take sufficient roots before the first minus temperatures occur. If you want to be on the safe side or simply have too little space, you can plant the mulberry tree in a bucket at will - this is possible all year round and has the advantage of being able to bring the tree indoors for the winter.
Choose high quality substrate
Now the only thing missing is the right substrate: This should be as loose and permeable as possible, but also pH-neutral and very nutritious, so that the mulberry tree can thrive. Otherwise, all you have to do is follow the steps below:
- the planting hole should be twice the size of the tree root system - holes that have already been excavated can be quickly expanded if necessary, the main thing is that the soil has been loosened all around again
- if you want, you can add sand to the excavated hole and then loosen it up again
- for some fertilization at the beginning of the rooting process, compost can be mixed into the purchased soil and put into the hole
- insert the mulberry tree so that it is as deep in the ground as in its previous container
- Cover the roots and trunk with earth and consolidate so that the tree has a firm footing
- Tap the earth a little
- Insert the support post (only for larger mulberry trees) and connect it to the tree, for example by wire
- Pour a lot of water afterwards to moisturize the tree and its roots
Do's and don'ts when planting the mulberry trees
|Plant the mulberry tree|
|DOS||✔ provide plenty of moisture that can drain away easily|
✔ Use a pH-neutral or slightly alkaline substrate
✔ Make compost potting soil even more nutritious
✔ briefly dampen the roots before planting
✔ Plan enough space
✔ Provide a support post
|dont's||Verwenden Use acidic substrate, mulberry trees usually do not respond well to this|
Lassen Root large trees without support - they often bend over or completely in bad weather
✖ Let the roots dry out before planting
✖ Risk of waterlogging - the build-up of moisture in the roots makes the tree more susceptible to diseases and mold, so that it can die
Pull mulberry from seeds
Of course, you can also plant the mulberry tree with seeds to grow the plant. However, not many people do this because the mulberry tree has to grow for up to ten years before it bears fruit and the first harvest can take place. If you still want to plant using seeds, you will need suitable containers for growing the seedlings. Small flower pots or window boxes are good. Above all, the vessels should have a water drain to prevent waterlogging. Sowing is possible at any time, the seeds ripen best in indirect sun and over 20 degrees.
The mulberry tree is a dark germ, so the seeds must be covered with soil until seedlings have emerged.
It is also important when growing from seeds that a peat-free substrate is used, which is low in nutrients and contains a small amount of sand, in order to allow the seedlings to thrive optimally. Moisture is a must if you want to see the seedlings sprout from the earth after about two or three weeks.
By the way, you don't necessarily have to buy seeds for a mulberry tree: If you have fresh mulberries on hand for example, their seeds can be removed very easily. If you let them dry on kitchen paper for several hours, they are made more durable and can be stored well until the next sowing. Packed in air-permeable bags made of fabric, they also make a nice gift for hobby gardeners and lovers of the tree species. Seeds obtained in this way must be dried thoroughly to avoid mold.