The barbed wire rose is a bizarre rarity. But it's not their blossoms that are in the eye of the beholder, but their large red spines.
Roses enchant us in every way. No matter whether it is the color and shape of the flowers that seduce us or their fragrance more or less. There are around 30,000 varieties worldwide. One is more beautiful than the other. And so each one is unique. But there are also exceptional roses that are to be viewed very differently. This includes the barbed wire rose (Rosa omeiensis pteracantha). It is not its blossom that is in the focus of the beholder, but its spines, as the name of the rose reveals. Because there are roses without spines, but there are also roses with particularly unusual spines.
So if you are looking for an extravagant plant for a spacious location in your garden, then you are well advised with the barbed wire rose. It is particularly hardy and very vital in growth. In addition, it bristles with the usual rose diseases. We want to introduce you to this wild, fortified beauty in more detail. We also give you some tips for growing and maintaining the barbed wire rose in your own garden.
Unique rarity presented
This unusual rose variety comes from China and is native to the highlands. In Germany it was introduced towards the end of the 19th century and is still considered a curious rarity today.
If you plant this rose solitary (individually), you will soon be amazed by an unusual piece of jewelry in your garden. However, you should keep in mind that this gem needs a spacious location. After all, it is 2.5 to 3 meters high and just as wide. Under this condition grows into an impenetrable bush.
❍ flowers and rose hips
Rather inconspicuous, but still unusual are their 3 to 4 centimeters small, white and unfilled flowers with striking yellow stamens. In May, during the flowering period, they exude a pleasant fresh and fruity fragrance. As the only type of rose, flowers of barbed wire rose have four petals instead of the usual five.
After flowering, the rose develops small red, spherical rose hips early, which are used by small animals and birds as feed.
❍ spines and leaves
The large red, wing-like spines are unique in size, color and shape. With their base at least 2 centimeters wide, they sit close together on the sturdy shoots and thus give the rose its name. When sunlight shines through, the translucent spines glow blood red. In addition, this quirky rose has a very decorative, fern-like pinnate foliage. The spines stand in a beautiful contrast to the delicately feathered, light foliage.
This is the perfect location for the barbed wire rose
A sunny location is recommended for planting this rose. But it also tolerates shadows. It is advantageous if you place the red spiked rarity in such a way that it is backlit as far as possible. As a result, their spines have an excellent effect. The impenetrable protection offered by barbed wire rose makes it equally interesting as a hedge plant.
This is how the floor should be
No special demands are made on the floor. Nevertheless, it is advisable to prepare the site well before planting. First, dig the soil thoroughly and collect the roots of the weeds. After you have dug the planting hole, you can add a soil activator to the plant soil. This prevents soil depletion and leads to vital trace elements in a natural way.
How to plant the barbed wire rose properly
Planting barbed wire roses is straightforward and should be done in spring or autumn. You do not have to pay attention to the otherwise customary finishing point of modern roses, since the wild rose has its own roots. We still want to give you some tips on the way.
❶ Shorten the shoots and roots slightly before planting.
❷ Now the plants are still well watered. To do this, place them in a filled water bucket for about 3 to 4 hours in autumn. For spring planting, the plant is completely immersed in the water in a tub for 24 hours.
❸ Then put the rose in the planting hole. However, you should be careful not to bend the roots. The lower shoot ends, which sit directly at the root, should be about 3 centimeters below the surface of the soil. From the eyes resting underground, the barbed wire rose then develops new shoots.
❹ Now you can fill up the planting hole with the excavation. To do this, shake the plant a little in between. This will fill voids in the soil.
❺ Then lightly step on the earth around the rose so that the roots get good ground contact.
Anschließend The freshly planted rose is then watered on. A small earth wall around the plant prevents the water from flowing away from the planting site.
How to properly care for the barbed wire rose
The wild splendor needs a little care to really come into its own. So the annual pruning is important because the spines only glow an attractive red on young branches. The wing spines on old shoots are no longer translucent. They lose their charm in an inconspicuous gray.
Then use a shuffle to keep the floor around your barbed wire rose clean. On the one hand you disturb the weeds while growing and on the other hand you loosen the soil slightly.