If you want to bring Mediterranean flair into the garden, the tamarisk is the best choice. Not only does it look good, it is also easy to care for.
Every spring, plants, shrubs and trees perform a great natural spectacle with their flowers in the gardens. Each individual genre plays its own unmistakable role in this flower spectacle. The Tamarisk (Tamarix) takes on a special character. With its feathery inflorescences, on which filigree pink flowers sit, it gives the shrub a Mediterranean flair. These are mainly spring tamarisks. In comparison to these, there are also tamarisk flowers that bloom in summer, the flowers of which are white to white-pink depending on the species.
Tamarisk generally portrayed
The home of the tamarisk is in the Mediterranean, the Near East and Africa. Depending on the individual genus, the curved shrubs can reach heights of 2 to 10 meters. The flower color is also different. While the inflorescences of the spring tamarisk (Tamarix parviflora) and that of many types of the summer tamarisk (Tamarix ramosissima) shine pink to pink, for example, the summer tamarisk (Tamarix africana) shows a white to white-pink flower pile. Its green leaves are fine and scale-like and take on a bright yellow color in autumn.
The right location for tamarisk trees
If possible, choose a sunny location for your tamarisk. A partially shaded area with a sunshine duration of up to 4 hours is also possible. The more sunlight the plant gets, the more luxuriant the flower pile will be. The shrub does not tolerate damming heat in summer.
As far as the soil conditions are concerned, you can be safe. Tamarisk trees thrive on almost every garden floor. Heavy soils should be worked up with plenty of sand so that they become permeable to water. The soil can be both weakly acidic and calcareous. Even nutrient-poor soils are not a problem.
How to properly plant tamarisk trees
It is best to plant tamarisk trees in spring or autumn. They are particularly splendid as solitary plants. There are a few things to consider when planting:
The shrubs are deep roots, so you should make sure that you loosen the planting site as deeply as possible. So the plant can spread well. Also remember to plan a distance to neighboring plants. This should be half of the expected growth range. You can also find information on the growth range on the plant label when you buy your tamarisk.
Once you have thought of everything, you can start planting. To do this, raise the planting hole twice the size of the root ball. Before planting, however, put the root ball in the water so that it can absorb water. When planting, you should then handle the young shrub carefully. The roots must not be injured, because tamarisks cannot tolerate this. Now fill the planting hole with permeable soil and water your plant vigorously.
In the following weeks and months you have to water the young shrub regularly. You only need to water the plant once the plant has grown.
This is how tamarisk trees are properly cared for
Watering & fertilizing:
Tamarisk trees are considered to be resistant to drought. They are therefore only watered at the bottom of the plant base during longer periods of drought and heat. Then only water in the early morning. Fertilization is not necessary.
Cut tamarisk trees immediately after flowering to avoid the plant becoming old and unsightly. However, a radical cut is not advisable, since the shrub can hardly recover from it. In addition, tamarisk trees only bloom on old wood. When cutting back, it is best to simply observe the following information:
Only clear dead wood and stunted shoots from your shrub. You can shorten weaker and bloomed shoots to a strong side shoot. To achieve a good structure in young plants, cut all the shoots back in half.
If you want to grow your tamarisk into a small tree, prune the shrub between October and March. To do this, first saw off the lowest side branches. However, make sure that the branch collar, the thickest base of the branch, i.e. the transition from the trunk to the branch, is not damaged. If possible, avoid stub branches.
Tamarisk trees are popular among hobby gardeners. With their southern charm, these plants are a special eye-catcher. They like a sunny location. Your demands on the floor are modest. It only has to be permeable to water. Young plants should be watered regularly in the first weeks and months, later only in long-lasting drought. There is no fertilization. Tamarisk trees are cut immediately after flowering.